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CYP2D6 polymorphism in a Gabonese population: Contribution of the CYP2D6*2 and CYP2D6*17 alleles to the high prevalence of the intermediate metabolic phenotype

CYP2D6 polymorphism in a Gabonese population: Contribution of the CYP2D6*2 and CYP2D6*17 alleles to the high prevalence of the intermediate metabolic phenotype

British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 47(1): 121-124

Aims. To determine the molecular basis of the intermediate extensive metaboliser (EM) CYP2D6 phenotype in healthy Gabonese subjects. Methods. The CYP2D6 phenotype of 154 healthy Gabonese subjects was assessed by giving the subject a single dose of 30 mg dextromethorphan, and collecting their urine for the next 8 h. The CYP2D6 genotype was determined for 50 individuals of the EM phenotypic group by Southern blotting and various PCK-based procedures aimed at identifying different CYP2D6 alleles. Results. We found that in the studied Gabonese population, as compared with a French population, there is significantly higher frequency of intermediate EM phenotype having lower frequency of CYP2D6 PM alleles. To clarify this discrepancy phenotype-genotype relationship was studied. We found that the CYP2D6*17 and CYP2D6*2 alleles, prevalent in this black population, are characterised by their low capacity for dextromethorphan demethylation. Our data also show that the CYP2D6*1 allele is associated with the highest in vivo activity followed by the CYP2D6*2 allele and then the CYP2D6*17 allele. Conclusions. The higher frequencies of the CYP2D6*2 and CYP2D6*17 alleles than the CYP2D6*1 allele account for the high frequency of the intermediate EM phenotype in this black population. The polymorphism of the CYP2D6 enzyme activity in Affican populations could have important implications for use of drugs that are substrates for CYP2D6 and have a narrow therapeutic window.

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Accession: 010265868

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 10073750

DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2125.1999.00861.x

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