Changes in the concentration and size-distribution of the sub-micron particles associated with the sea- and land-breezes at a coastal station
Murugavel, P.; Kamra, A.K.
Current Science 76(7): 994-997
ISSN/ISBN: 0011-3891 Accession: 010295899
Surface measurements of the size-distribution of sub-micron aerosol particles in the range of 0.003 to 1 mum diameter have been made on 6-8 January 1998, at Thiruvananthapuram during an inter-comparison campaign of the Indian Ocean experiment (INDOEX). The results are studied with respect to the setting-in of the sea- and land-breezes at the station. Observations show an increase of up to an order of magnitude in aerosol concentrations of all size categories with the setting-in of the land breeze at 1800-1900 IST. High concentrations of aerosol particles prevail throughout the period of the land breeze at night-time. Aerosol concentrations remarkably decrease at about 1000 IST with the arrival of much cleaner air with the sea breeze. During the land breeze at night-time, the size-distributions of aerosol particles is bimodal with the maximum at 0.075 and 0.024 mum diameters. During the sea breeze, especially in the afternoon, the maximum in the accumulation mode shifts to a slightly higher size (0.133 mum) and the maximum in the nucleation mode seems to shift to a smaller size (0.013 mum or smaller). The size-distribution curves during the daytime are mostly open-ended at the small particle-size end. The enhanced coagulation of aerosol particles and the gas-to-particle conversion processes have been proposed to explain the shift of maxima in the accumulation mode and the enhanced generation of small particles in the nucleation mode in the afternoon, respectively.