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Characterization of high-affinity binding between gangliosides and amyloid beta-protein



Characterization of high-affinity binding between gangliosides and amyloid beta-protein



Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 388(2): 225-230



The binding specificities of amyloid beta-protein (A beta) such as A beta 1-40, A beta 1-42, A beta 40-1, A beta 1-38, A beta 25-35, and amyloid beta precursor protein (beta-APP) analogues for different glycosphingolipids were determined by surface plasmon resonance (SPR) using a liposome capture method. A beta 1-42, A beta 1-40, A beta 40-1, and A beta 1-38, but not A beta 25-35, bound to GM1 ganglioside in the following rank order: A beta 1-42 > A beta 40-1 > A beta 1-40 > A beta 1-38. The beta-APP analogues bound to GM1 ganglioside with a relatively lower affinity. Aged derivatives of A beta were found to have higher affinity to GM1 ganglioside than fresh or soluble derivatives. A beta 1-40 bound to a number of gangliosides with the following order of binding strength: GQ1b alpha > GT1a alpha > GQ1b > GT1b > GD3 > GD1a = GD1b > LM1 > GM1 > GM2 = GM3 > GM4. Neutral glycosphingolipids had a lower affinity for A beta 1-40 than gangliosides with the following order of binding strength: Gb4 > asialo-GM1 (GA1) > Gb3 > asialo-GM2 (GA2) = LacCer. The results seem to indicate that an alpha2,3NeuAc residue on the neutral oligosaccharide core is required for binding. In addition, the alpha2-6NeuAc residue linked to GalNAc contributes significantly to binding affinity for A beta.

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Accession: 010305572

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 11368158

DOI: 10.1006/abbi.2001.2304


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