Characterization of the N-oligosaccharides attached to the atypical Asn-X-Cys sequence of recombinant human epidermal growth factor receptor

Sato, C.; Kim, J.H.; Abe, Y.; Saito, K.; Yokoyama, S.; Kohda, D.

Journal of Biochemistry 127(1): 65-72


ISSN/ISBN: 0021-924X
PMID: 10731668
DOI: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.jbchem.a022585
Accession: 010308098

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The extracellular domain of human EGF receptor (sEGFR) produced by CHO cells has been used in various biophysical studies to elucidate the molecular mechanism of EGF-induced receptor activation. We have found that the CHO sEGFR contains one oligosaccharide chain attached to an atypical N-glycosylation consensus sequence, Asn(32 )-X( 33 )-Cys(34 ). The oligosaccharide structure at Asn(32 ) is a mixture of the monosialo and asialo forms of a core fucosylated biantennary complex-type oligosaccharide. Deletion of this atypical glycosylation site by replacement of Asn(32 ) with lysine changed neither the expression nor function of the full length EGFR in CHO cells. The glycosylation at Asn(32 ) in CHO sEGFR was incomplete: 20% of Asn(32 ) remained unmodified. Thus, CHO sEGFR itself is heterogeneous with respect to the glycosylation at Asn(32 ), which may cause problems in biophysical studies. An attempt to remove the oligosaccharide at Asn(32 ) enzymatically did not succeed under nondenaturing conditions. Therefore, sEGFR with the mutation of Asn(32) -> Lys(32 )is useful for biophysical and biochemical studies, and, particularly, for X-ray crystallography.