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Characterization of the major bovine brain Go alpha isoforms. Mapping the structural differences between the alpha subunit isoforms identifies a variable region of the protein involved in receptor interactions



Characterization of the major bovine brain Go alpha isoforms. Mapping the structural differences between the alpha subunit isoforms identifies a variable region of the protein involved in receptor interactions



Journal of Biological Chemistry 273(50): 33135-33141



Go is the major G protein in bovine brain, with at least three isoforms, GoA, GoB, and GoC. Whereas alphaoA and alphaoB arise from a single Goalpha gene as alternatively spliced mRNAs, alphaoA and alphaoC are thought to differ by covalent modification. To test the hypothesis that alphaoA and alphaoC have different N-terminal lipid modifications, proteolytic fragments of alphao isoforms were immunoprecipitated with an N terminus-specific antibody and analyzed by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry. The major masses observed in immunoprecipitates were the same for all three alphao isoforms and corresponded to the predicted mass of a myristoylated N-terminal fragment. Structural differences between alphaoA and alphaoC were also compared before and after limited tryptic proteolysis using SDS-polyacrylamide get electrophoresis containing 6 M urea. Based upon the alphao subunit fragments produced under activating and nonactivating conditions, differences between alphaoA and alphaoC were localized to a C-terminal fragment of the protein. This region, involved in receptor and effector interactions, implies divergent signaling roles for these two alphao proteins. Finally, the structural difference between alphaoA and alphaoC is associated with a difference of at most 2 daltons based upon measurements by electrospay ionization mass spectrometry.

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Accession: 010309114

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PMID: 9837880

DOI: 10.1074/jbc.273.50.33135


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