Chemical modification of transducin with iodoacetic acid: transducin-alpha carboxymethylated at Cys (347) allows transducin binding to Light-activated rhodopsin but prevents its release in the presence of GTP

Bubis, J.; Ortiz, J.O.; Möller, C.

Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 395(2): 146-157


ISSN/ISBN: 0003-9861
PMID: 11697851
DOI: 10.1006/abbi.2001.2550
Accession: 010312391

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Modification of transducin (T) with iodoacetic acid (IAA) inhibited its light-dependent guanine nucleotide-binding activity. Approximately 1 mol of [(3)H]IAA was incorporated per mole of T. Cys(347), located on the alpha-subunit of T (T(alpha)), was identified as the major labeled residue in the [(3)H]IAA-modified holoenzyme. In contrast, Cys(135) and Cys(347) were modified with [(3)H]IAA in the isolated T(alpha). IAA-modified T was able to bind tightly to photoexcited rhodopsin (R*), but GTP did not promote the dissociation of the complex between alkylated T and R*. In addition, R* protected against the inhibition of T by IAA. A comparable inactivation of T and analogous interactions between T and R* were observed when 2-nitro 5-thiocyanobenzoic acid (NTCBA) was used as the modifying reagent (J. O. Ortiz and J. Bubis, 2001, Effects of differential sulfhydryl group-specific labeling on the rhodopsin and guanine nucleotide binding activities of transducin, Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 387, 233-242). However, while carboxymethylated T was capable of liberating GDP in the presence of R*, NTCBA-modified T was unable to release the guanine nucleotide diphosphate upon incubation with the photoactivated receptor. Thus, IAA-labeling stabilized a T:R* complex intermediate carrying the empty nucleotide pocket conformation of T. On the other hand, NTCBA-modified T seemed to be "locked" in the GDP-bound state of T, even in the presence of R*.