Chromosome painting for cytogenetic monitoring of occupationally exposed and non-exposed groups of human individuals
Verdorfer, I.; Neubauer, S.; Letzel, S.; Angerer, J.; Arutyunyan, R.; Martus, P.; Wucherer, M.; Gebhart, E.
Mutation Research 491(1-2): 97-109
ISSN/ISBN: 0027-5107 PMID: 11287303 DOI: 10.1016/s1383-5718(01)00128-0
The suitability of a three-color fluorescence in situ suppression hybridization technique was examined for monitoring five different groups of individuals: 30 occupied in radiology, 26 occupied in nuclear medicine or radiation physics, 32 patients with breast cancer, 26 occupied with military waste disposal, all presumably exposed to low doses of radiation or chemical mutagens and a non-exposed control group (N = 29). The average frequency of breaks constituting the various aberrations did not significantly differ between the groups of medical radiation appliers and the control group. However, breast tumor patients and military waste disposers, as groups, showed a higher aberration rate than did healthy controls. Stable rearrangements mainly characterized the groups of controls, tumor patients, and radiation appliers, while a higher proportion of unstable aberrations was found in the chemically exposed individuals. Individuals with an increased frequency of aberrations could be detected within each examined group, which clearly determined the average values of the whole group. With respect to interchromosomal distribution of the breakpoints constituting the found aberrations and the involvement of the labeled chromosomes in rearrangements, the observed values were very close to the expected ones in the controls. A rather similar trend of deviations from expectation was observed in all other groups. Chromosome 4 was slightly over-affected, while chromosome 2 was slightly underrepresented in all analyzed groups (except tumor patients). Rearrangements of the labeled chromosomes with the unlabeled ones exceeded expectation. In conclusion, chromosome painting if included in further attempts of human population monitoring will broaden the basis of argumentation with respect to health risks introduced by mutagen exposure.