Section 11
Chapter 10,340

Co-activation of the phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase/Akt signaling pathway by N-methyl-D-aspartate and TrkB receptors in cerebellar granule cell neurons

Zhu, D.; Lipsky, R.H.; Marini, A.M.

Amino Acids 23(1-3): 11-17


ISSN/ISBN: 0939-4451
PMID: 12373512
DOI: 10.1007/s00726-001-0103-9
Accession: 010339512

Download citation:  

Neuroprotective concentrations of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) promote survival of cerebellar granule cell neurons against glutamate excitotoxicity through a TrkB receptor-mediated brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) autocrine loop. However, the intracellular signaling pathway(s) are not clear. Our results show that PI-3 kinase/Akt is activated by either NMDA or BDNF displaying differential kinetics. BDNF and NMDA increased Akt phosphorylation within 5 minutes but maximal activation by NMDA was observed at 3 hours. Akt phosphorylation was completely blocked by the PI-3 kinase inhibitor LY294002. NMDA-mediated activation of Akt was completely blocked by MK-801 and partially blocked by the TrkB receptor inhibitor, K252a, indicating the requirement of TrkB receptors for maximal activation by NMDA. In contrast, BDNF-induced Akt phosphorylation was abolished by K252a, but not by the addition of MK-801. Our latest data indicate that U0126, a MAP Kinase inhibitor, increased NMDA-induced activation of Akt, suggesting the possible crosstalks between PI-3 kinase/Akt and other signaling pathways in cerebellar granule neurons. Therefore, the PI-3 kinase/Akt pathway is co-activated by NMDA and TrkB receptors. The kinetics of BDNF and NMDA-mediated activation of PI-3 kinase/Akt suggests that they have different roles in intraneuronal time-related events.

PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90