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Comparative multi-color flow cytometric analysis of cell surface antigens in bone marrow hematopoietic progenitors between refractory anemia and aplastic anemia



Comparative multi-color flow cytometric analysis of cell surface antigens in bone marrow hematopoietic progenitors between refractory anemia and aplastic anemia



Leukemia Research 24(4): 359-366, April



Refractory anemia (RA) in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) without prominent dysplasia closely resemble the mild type of aplastic anemia (AA) in their hematological features. This sometimes makes it difficult to distinguish clearly between the two diseases. Using the multi-color flow cytometric technique, we compared cell surface antigen expression patterns on bone marrow hematopoietic progenitor cells which were isolated as a CD34 positive- CD45 dull positive with low side scatter intensity (CD34+ CD45dull+ SSClow) population in flow cytogram between RA (n = 12) and AA (n = 11). The antigens analyzed in CD34+ CD45dull+ SSClow mononuclear cells were: CD38 and CD71 for cell growth-related antigens, CD 33 and CD13 for myeloid and monocytoid lineage-associated antigens, CD7 and CD19 for lymphoid lineage, and CD14 for a monocytic lineage specific antigen. The percentages of CD34+ CD45dull+ SSClow cells in bone marrow non-erythroid mononuclear cells, and the expression frequencies of CD38, CD71, CD33 and CD13 antigens in CD34+ CD45dull+ SSClow progenitors were all significantly decreased in AA compared to normal bone marrows (n = 7) (P < 0.005). In contrast, in RA bone marrows the percentages of CD34+ CD457dull+ SSClow cells showed wide distribution and the cell surface antigen expression patterns varied among each case: some cases showed low frequencies of CD38 and CD71 expression as well as AA, whereas the others showed high expression frequency of specific antigen(s) which may reflect the clonal expansion of an abnormal clone in bone marrow. An MDS patient who had progressed from RA to RAEB showed further projecting pattern of expression of CD38 and CD33 in CD34+ CD45dull+ SSClow population in accordance with the disease progression. These data suggest that analysis of cell surface antigen expression patterns of CD34+ CD45dull+ SSClow progenitor cells by multi-color flow cytometry appears to be a useful method for qualitative and quantitative assessment of marrow progenitor states in AA and RA, therefore this method could be helpful for early detection of clonal evolution in MDS.

Accession: 010352969

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 10713334

DOI: 10.1016/s0145-2126(99)00194-0

Download PDF Full Text: Comparative multi-color flow cytometric analysis of cell surface antigens in bone marrow hematopoietic progenitors between refractory anemia and aplastic anemia



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