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Comparison of 111In-DOTA-Tyr3-octreotide and 111In-DTPA-octreotide in the same patients: biodistribution, kinetics, organ and tumor uptake

Comparison of 111In-DOTA-Tyr3-octreotide and 111In-DTPA-octreotide in the same patients: biodistribution, kinetics, organ and tumor uptake

Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication Society of Nuclear Medicine 40(5): 762-767

ISSN/ISBN: 0161-5505

PMID: 10319747

Scintigraphy with (111In-diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid0-D-Phe1)-octreotide (DTPAOC) is used to demonstrate neuroendocrine and other somatostatin-receptor-positive tumors. Despite encouraging results, this 111In-labeled compound is not well suited for peptide-receptor-mediated radiotherapy of somatostatin-receptor-positive tumors. Another somatostatin analog, (1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-N,N',N'',N'''-tetraacetic acid0, D-Phe1, Tyr3)-octreotide (DOTATOC), can be labeled with the beta-emitter 90Y in a stable manner. Methods: We compared the distribution, kinetics and dosimetry of 111In-DTPAOC and 111In-DOTATOC in eight patients to predict the outcomes of these parameters in patients who will be treated with 90Y-DOTATOC. Results: Serum radioactivity levels for the radiopharmaceuticals did not differ significantly 2-24 h after injection (P > 0.05). Up to 2 h postinjection they were slightly, but significantly, lower after administration of 111In-DOTATOC (P < 0.01 at most time points). The percentage of peptide-bound radioactivity in serum did not differ after administration of either compound. Urinary excretion was significantly lower after administration of 111In-DOTATOC (P < 0.01). The visualization of known somatostatin-receptor-positive organs and tumors was clearer after administration of 111In-DOTATOC than after administration of 111In-DTPAOC. This was confirmed by significantly higher calculated uptakes in the pituitary gland and spleen. The uptake in the tumor sites did not differ significantly (P > 0.05), although in three of the four patients in whom tumor uptake could be calculated, it was higher after administration of 111In-DOTATOC. Conclusion: The distribution and excretion pattern of 111In-DOTATOC resembles that of 111In-DTPAOC, and the uptake in somatostatin-receptor-positive organs and most tumors is higher for 111In-DOTATOC. If 90Y-DOTATOC shows an uptake pattern similar to 111In-DOTATOC, it is a promising radiopharmaceutical for peptide-receptor-mediated radiotherapy in patients with somatostatin-receptor-positive tumors.

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