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Comparison of maternal satisfaction between epidural and spinal anesthesia for elective Cesarean section

Comparison of maternal satisfaction between epidural and spinal anesthesia for elective Cesarean section

Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia 47(10): 956-961

ISSN/ISBN: 0832-610X

PMID: 11032269

DOI: 10.1007/bf03024865

Epidural anesthesia was a commonly used technique for elective Cesarean section. Recently, because of the availability of non-cutting spinal needles, many institutions have changed from epidural to spinal anesthesia. The purpose of this study was to compare maternal satisfaction between epidural and spinal anesthesia for elective Cesarean section with a new satisfaction tool. We studied healthy parturients in a randomized, double-blinded pilot study in which patients were assigned to receive either epidural (n = 13) or spinal (n = 14) anesthesia for elective Cesarean section. Two and 24 hr postoperatively, patients completed a validated 22-point maternal satisfaction questionnaire and a 10-cm visual analog score (VAS) for satisfaction. Maternal satisfaction scores were compared between groups. There was no difference in demographics, complications or technical failures between groups. Mean satisfaction scores on the questionnaire (0-154) at two and 24 hr were 130.23 +/- 11.36 and 129.54 +/- 16.70 for the epidural group and 116.92 +/- 18.47 and 115.92 +/- 15.71 for the spinal group (P = 0.04 and P = 0.03 respectively). No difference in VAS scores was noted. The presence of minor side effects including pruritus contributed to the lower satisfaction in the spinal group at 24 hr. This pilot study demonstrated higher maternal satisfaction with epidural than with spinal anesthesia for elective Cesarean section. This may be related to the increased side effects caused by neuraxial morphine. The satisfaction questionnaire was able to elucidate differences not detected with a global VAS for satisfaction. Further study with a larger patient population is required to confirm these data.

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Accession: 010359731

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