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Conversion of cattle and sheep suckler farming to organic farming: Adaptation of the farming system and its economic consequences



Conversion of cattle and sheep suckler farming to organic farming: Adaptation of the farming system and its economic consequences



Livestock Production Science 80(1-2): 141-152, March



In France, faced with an increasing demand, organic farming is expanding out of its hitherto marginal status, with a conversion rate reaching 20% per year. However, organic meat supply remains globally insufficient. Conversion to organic farming has two main consequences: a decrease in productivity per hectare and a greater economic incentive to produce cereals. In a simulation study the consequences of transition of a cattle suckle and a sheep suckle system to organic farming was studied. Cattle production is characterised by a broad diversity of products and by the importance of the European subsidy system. In organic farming, for a given area, the optimal balance shows fewer cows with fattened products and larger areas for cereals; gross margins increasing significantly. Sheep production is characterised by the broad diversity of its reproductive systems and by the importance of concentrates for feeding. After conversion, maintenance of previous earnings, for a given area, requires a rise in selling prices of between EURO 0.76 and EURO 1.5/kg carcass.

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Accession: 010386291

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DOI: 10.1016/s0301-6226(02)00315-9



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