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Cyclopalladated compounds as chemotherapeutic agents: antitumor activity against a murine melanoma cell line



Cyclopalladated compounds as chemotherapeutic agents: antitumor activity against a murine melanoma cell line



International Journal of Cancer 107(3): 498-504



Palladacycle compounds obtained from N, N-dimethyl-1-phenethylamine (dmpa), phenyl-2-pyridinyl-acetylene and 1-phenyl-3-N, N-dimethylamine-propine, respectively, were complexed to 1, 2 ethanebis (diphenylphosphine) (dppe) ligand to synthesize antitumor cyclopalladated complexes that were tested in vitro and in vivo against syngeneic B16F10-Nex2 murine melanoma cells of low immunogenicity implanted subcutaneously in mice. Complexes were not toxic to mice injected 3 times i.p. with as much as 60 microM/animal/week. Of 3 cyclopalladated complexes that were inhibitory in vitro at low concentrations (<1.25 microM), complex 7a was the most active in vivo, delaying tumor growth and prolonging animal survival. In vitro, binucleate complex 7a caused a collapse of respiratory activity with an abrupt decrease of extracellular acidification on short incubation (up to 100 min), followed by DNA degradation after 24 hr. The apoptosis-like reaction to this Pd-complex was not accompanied by increased levels of caspases 1 and 3. Complex 7a bound to a bacterial plasmid DNA, causing late conformational changes after 24 hr. Two other complexes with different C, N-cycles were also apoptotic and 2 binucleated ones were inactive. These results introduce the palladacycle-dppe complexes as promising antitumor drugs with exquisite structural specificities and for action in vivo and in vitro.

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Accession: 010406221

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PMID: 14506753

DOI: 10.1002/ijc.11434


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