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Development, fecundity, and odor preference of the parasitoid, Aphelinus gossypii, and its effect on the population of cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii, on three muskmelon cultivars


Development, fecundity, and odor preference of the parasitoid, Aphelinus gossypii, and its effect on the population of cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii, on three muskmelon cultivars



Zhonghua Kunchong 19(1): 101-111



ISSN/ISBN: 0258-462X

Cotton aphids (Aphis gossypii Glover) were reared, respectively, on susceptible TN 8, and resistant TN 9 and Autumn Favor (CT) muskmelon (Cucumis melo L.) cultivars. Then those aphids were used as hosts of the parasitoid (Aphelinus gossypii Timberlake) at 25degreeC in the laboratory. There were no significant differences in development time from egg to adult emergence, adult weight and longevity, number of aphids fed on and parasitized, or percentage of emergence and female progeny for those parasitoids reared on different aphid hosts. Only the female development time of 15.11 +- 0.60 d on TN 9 was longer than that on the other cultivars. Numbers of aphids increased more slowly in the treatment with parasitoid presence than absence on each muskmelon cultivar. This revealed that a compatibility existed between resistant muskmelon cultivars and parasitoid detectoin by the S/R ratio that could enhance the suppression of cotton aphid populations better in TN 9 than in CT. The wasp preferred the odor from the resistant better than from the susceptible cutlivar in the absence of cotton aphid. This should be an advantage in combining resistant cultivars and parasitoids for the control of cotton aphids.

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Accession: 010451490

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