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Differential cytostatic and apoptotic effects of ecteinascidin-743 in cancer cells. Transcription-dependent cell cycle arrest and transcription-independent JNK and mitochondrial mediated apoptosis



Differential cytostatic and apoptotic effects of ecteinascidin-743 in cancer cells. Transcription-dependent cell cycle arrest and transcription-independent JNK and mitochondrial mediated apoptosis



Journal of Biological Chemistry 277(44): 41580-9



We have found that ecteinascidin-743 (ET-743) inhibited cell proliferation at 1-10 ng/ml, leading to S and G(2)/M arrest and subsequent apoptosis, and induced early apoptosis without previous cell cycle arrest at 10-100 ng/ml in cancer cells. ET-743-mediated apoptosis, did not involve Fas/CD95. ET-743 induced c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase (JNK) and caspase-3 activation, and JNK and caspase inhibition prevented ET-743-induced apoptosis. ET-743 failed to promote apoptosis in caspase-3-deficient MCF-7 cells, further implicating caspase-3 in its proapoptotic action. Overexpression of bcl-2 by gene transfer abrogated ET-743-induced apoptosis, but cells underwent cell cycle arrest. ET-743 triggered cytochrome c release from mitochondria that was inhibited by Bcl-2 overexpression. Inhibition of transcription or protein synthesis did not prevent ET-743-induced apoptosis, but abrogated ET-743-induced cell cycle arrest. Microarray analyses revealed changes in the expression of a small number of cell cycle-related genes (p21, GADD45A, cyclin G2, MCM5, and histones) that suggested their putative involvement in ET-743-induced cell cycle arrest. These data indicate that ET-743 is a very potent anticancer drug showing dose-dependent cytostatic and proapoptotic effects through activation of two different signaling pathways, namely a transcription-dependent pathway leading to cell cycle arrest and a transcription-independent route leading to rapid apoptosis that involves mitochondria, JNK, and caspase-3.

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Accession: 010464711

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PMID: 12198119

DOI: 10.1074/jbc.m204644200


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