+ Most Popular
Cunninghamia lanceolata plantations in China
Mammalian lairs in paleo ecological studies and palynology
Studies on technological possibilities in utilization of anhydrous milk fat for production of recombined butter-like products
Should right-sided fibroelastomas be operated upon?
Large esophageal lipoma
Apoptosis in the mammalian thymus during normal histogenesis and under various in vitro and in vivo experimental conditions
Poissons characoides nouveaux ou non signales de l'Ilha do Bananal, Bresil
Desensitizing efficacy of Colgate Sensitive Maximum Strength and Fresh Mint Sensodyne dentifrices
Administration of fluid by subcutaneous infusion: revival of a forgotten method
Tundra mosquito control - an impossible dream?
Schizophrenia for primary care providers: how to contribute to the care of a vulnerable patient population
Geochemical pattern analysis; method of describing the Southeastern limestone regional aquifer system
Incidence of low birth weights in a hospital of Mexico City
Graded management intensity of grassland systems for enhancing floristic diversity
Microbiology and biochemistry of cheese and fermented milk
The ember tetra: a new pygmy characid tetra from the Rio das Mortes, Brazil, Hyphessobrycon amandae sp. n. (Pisces, Characoidei)
Risk factors of contrast-induced nephropathy in patients after coronary artery intervention
Renovation of onsite domestic wastewater in a poorly drained soil
Observations of the propagation velocity and formation mechanism of burst fractures caused by gunshot
Systolic blood pressure in a population of infants in the first year of life: the Brompton study
Haematological studies in rats fed with metanil yellow
Studies on pasteurellosis. I. A new species of Pasteurella encountered in chronic fowl cholera
Dormancy breaking and germination of Acacia salicina Lindl. seeds
therapy of lupus nephritis. a two-year prospective study

Effect of pruning and plant spacing on the growth of cherry rootstocks and their influence on stem water potential of sweet cherry trees

Effect of pruning and plant spacing on the growth of cherry rootstocks and their influence on stem water potential of sweet cherry trees

Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology 78(5): 667-672

ISSN/ISBN: 1462-0316

DOI: 10.1080/14620316.2003.11511682

The aims of this work are to describe the effects of pruning and planting density on growth and water relations of ungrafted and grafted sweet cherry trees. A trial with cherry rootstocks 'Prunus avium', 'CAB 11E', 'Maxma 14', 'Gisela 5' and 'Edabriz' was begun in 1997. Pruning severities were applied to the rootstocks (0, 30, 60 and 90% of the vegetative growth was removed corresponding to P1, P2, P3 and P4 treatments, respectively) after planting to two plant spacings (S1=0.25X1.0 m and S2=0.45X1.5 m). Canopy, root growth and leaf water potential (psileaf) were quantified throughout the growing season. Pruning significantly affected root length and root weight of the rootstocks. Uncut plants (Pl) showed a heavier and expanded root biomass (231 g and 108 m) than the intensively pruned plants (P4) (187 g and 75 m). The greater root biomass was obtained with the spacing/pruning combination, S1/P1 (285 g), and the smaller with S1/P4 (180 g) and S2/P4 (176 g). psileaf varied significantly between the rootstocks and plant spacing but not with pruning. 'Maxma 14' and 'P. avium' attained the lowest values of midday psileaf, -2.28 and -2.04 MPa, but the highest values of predawn psileaf, -0.29 and -0.25 MPa, respectively. Generally, with high density (S1), the rootstocks exhibited lower predawn and midday psileaf. In 1998, cultivars 'Burlat', 'Summit' and 'Van' were grafted onto rootstocks and a trial was installed in 1999. Predawn and midday stem water potential (psistem) on cherry trees, measured in 2002, were affected significantly by the rootstock/genotype combination. Cultivars grafted on 'P. avium' and 'Maxma 14' showed the less negative midday psistem, -1.36 and -1.42 MPa respectively, so these rootstock genotypes perhaps induced a higher drought resistance to the scion. Recorded data show that the scion-rootstock interaction with regard to production performance under water deficits may be an important consideration in cherry tree planting strategies.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 010533166

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

Related references

Effect of pruning and plant spacing on the growth of cherry rootstocks and their influence on stem water potential of sweet cherry trees. Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology 78(5): 667-672, 2003

Effect of plant spacing and stem pruning on growth and yield of cherry tomato in greenhouse. Haryana Journal of Horticultural Sciences 34(1/2): 179-180, 2005

Shoot growth in sweet cherry (Prunus avium), cherry hybrid rootstocks, and grafted trees. Acta Horticulturae 169: 251-256, 1985

New dwarf clone rootstocks for sweet cherry and sour cherry trees, selection of Krymsk Experimental Breeding Station of All-Russian Institute for Plant Industry. Proceedings of the International Conference Fruit Production and Fruit Breeding, Tartu, Estonia, 12-13 September 2000: 125-127, 2000

Studies of sweet cherry pruning. I. Effect of different pruning methods and dates on vegetative growth and yield of trees. Erwerbsobstbau 33(5): 128-132, 1991

Effect of rootstocks and interstocks on growth and yield of sweet cherry trees. Acta Horticulturae 451: 231-236, 1997

Effects of severe pruning on sweet cherry trees (Prunus avium) grafted on rootstocks of different vigour. Acta Horticulturae 169: 303-309, 1985

The influence of different rootstocks on the growth and yield of sweet cherry trees during the first four years after planting in the double row system. Acta Horticulturae 795: 531-535, 2008

Effect of GM rootstocks on the growth, yields and fruit quality of sweet cherry trees. Prace z Zakresu Nauk Rolniczych i Lesnych 98/99: 309-318, 2005

Temporary immersion systems for the mass propagation of sweet cherry cultivars and cherry rootstocks: development of a micropropagation procedure and effect of culture conditions on plant quality. In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology-Plant 53(5): 494-504, 2017

Effect of summer pruning on growth and fruiting of sweet cherry trees (Prunus avium L.). Journal of Fruit and Ornamental Plant Research 5(3/4): 103-109, 1997

Preliminary observations on the influence of heavy pruning on yield, shoot growth and frost susceptibility of old sweet cherry trees. Prace Inst. Sadown. Skierniewice. 3: 163-70, 1958

Preliminary observations on the influence of heavy pruning, on the yield, length of new growth and sensitivity to frost of old sweet cherry trees. Prace Inst Sadown W Skiern 3: 163-170, 1958

Rootstock and plant spacing influence sweet cherry growth in four locations of Portugal. Acta Horticulturae 795: 267-271, 2008

Growth, yield and pruning requirements of sweet cherry as affected by rootstocks. Acta Horticulturae 658: 265-272, 2004