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Effects of activated ADP-ribosylation factors on Golgi morphology require neither activation of phospholipase D1 nor recruitment of coatomer



Effects of activated ADP-ribosylation factors on Golgi morphology require neither activation of phospholipase D1 nor recruitment of coatomer



Journal of Biological Chemistry 275(6): 4022-4032



Nine mutations in the switch I and switch II regions of human ADP-ribosylation factor 3 (ARF3) were isolated from loss-of-interaction screens, using two-hybrid assays with three different effectors. We then analyzed the ability of the recombinant proteins to (i) bind guanine nucleotides, (ii) activate phospholipase D1 (PLD1), (iii) recruit coatomer (COP-I) to Golgi-enriched membranes, and (iv) expand and vesiculate Golgi in intact cells. Correlations of activities in these assays were used as a means of testing specific hypotheses of ARF action, including the role of PLD1 activation in COP-I recruitment, the role of COP-I in Golgi vesiculation caused by expression of the dominant activating mutant (Q71L)ARF3, and the need for PLD1 activation in Golgi vesiculation. Because we were able to find at least one example of a protein that has lost each of these activities with retention of the others, we conclude that activation of PLD1, recruitment of COP-I to Golgi, and vesiculation of Golgi in cells are functionally separable processes. The ability of certain mutants of ARF3 to alter Golgi morphology without changes in PLD1 activity or COP-I binding is interpreted as evidence for at least one additional, currently unidentified, effector for ARF action at the Golgi.

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Accession: 010544059

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PMID: 10660559

DOI: 10.1074/jbc.275.6.4022


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