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Effects of acute hypotensive stimuli on arginine vasopressin gene transcription in the rat hypothalamus



Effects of acute hypotensive stimuli on arginine vasopressin gene transcription in the rat hypothalamus



American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism 279(4): E886-E892



We investigated the baroregulation of arginine vasopressin (AVP) gene transcription in the supraoptic (SON) and paraventricular nuclei (PVN) in conscious rats by use of intronic in situ hybridization. Hemorrhage of 16 ml/kg body wt decreased mean arterial pressure (MAP) by 57% and increased both plasma AVP (control, 1.2 +/- 0.3 pg/ml; 16 ml/kg body wt, 38.9 +/- 3.2 pg/ml) at 10 min and AVP heteronuclear (hn)RNA levels (SON, 150%; PVN, 140% of control values) at 20 min. On the other hand, hemorrhage of 7 ml/kg body wt had no significant effect on MAP, plasma AVP, or the AVP hnRNA levels. To better understand the baroregulation, we also examined the effects of sodium nitroprusside (SNP), which induces hypotension without a change in blood volume. The subcutaneous injection of 2 mg/kg body wt SNP, which decreased the MAP by 60%, increased both plasma AVP (control, 1.6 +/- 0.4 pg/ml; 2 mg/kg body wt, 8.1 +/- 0.4 pg/ml) at 10 min and AVP hnRNA levels (SON, 150%; PVN, 140% of control values) at 30 min. The injection of 0.1 mg/kg body wt SNP, which reduced the MAP by 10%, failed to increase either the plasma AVP or AVP hnRNA levels. These results indicate that AVP gene transcription increases rapidly after both hypotensive hemorrhage and normovolemic hypotension. In addition, it is suggested that the set point for AVP synthesis in the baroregulation is similar to that for AVP release.

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Accession: 010544210

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PMID: 11001772


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