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Effects of air pollution on blood pressure: a population-based approach

Effects of air pollution on blood pressure: a population-based approach

American Journal of Public Health 91(4): 571-577

Objectives: This analysis assessed the association between blood pressure, meteorology, and air pollution in a random population sample. Methods: Blood pressure measurements of 2607 mean and women aged 25 to 64 years who participated in the Augsburg Monitoring of Trends and Determinants in Cardiovascular Disease survey were analyzed in association with 24-hour mean concentrations of air pollutants. Results: During the air pollution episode in Europe in January 1985, an association between blood pressure and air pollution was observed, which disappeared after adjustment for meteorology. Continuous concentrations of total suspended particulates and sulfur dioxide were associated with an increase in systolic blood pressure of 1.79 mm Hg (95% confidence interval (CI)=0.63, 2.95) per 90 mug/m3 total suspended particulates and 0.74 mm Hg (95% CI=0.08, 1.40) per 80 mug/m3 sulfur dioxide. In subgroups with high plasma viscosity levels and increased heart rates, systolic blood pressure increased by 6.93 mm Hg(95% CI=4.31, 9.75) and 7.76 mm Hg (95% CI=5.70, 9.82) in association with total suspended particulates. Conclusions: The observed increase in systolic blood pressure associated with ambient air pollution could be related to a change in cardiovascular autonomic control.

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Accession: 010544794

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 11291368

DOI: 10.1580/1080-6032(2001)012[0213:aocl]2.0.co;2

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