Effects of cGMP and cAMP on light responses of the photosensory pineal neurons in the lamprey, Lampetra japonica

Uchida, K.; Samejima, M.; Kawata, M.; Tamotsu, S.; Morita, Y.

Biological Signals and Receptors 10(6): 389-398

2001


ISSN/ISBN: 1422-4933
PMID: 11721094
DOI: 10.1159/000046906
Accession: 010546923

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Abstract
We examined in this study how external cyclic nucleotides affect the light response mechanism of the pineal photoreceptors and explored the existence of parietal eye type of photoreceptor of which the internal cGMP concentration increased during the light response. Pineal organs of river lampreys, Lampetra japonica, were treated with 8-bromo guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (8Br-cGMP) or 8-bromo adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (8Br-cAMP) before light stimuli, and the light responses were recorded from the second order neurons, chromatic or achromatic-type neurons. Excitatory and inhibitory light responses of the chromatic-type neuron became obscure by 9 and 3 mM 8Br-cGMP without changing the spontaneous spike discharge in the dark. 8Br-cAMP (3 mM) increased the frequency of spontaneous spike discharge, though it did not inhibit the light responses themselves. The inhibitory light response of the achromatic-type neuron decreased after adding 3 mM 8Br-cGMP, and it was unchanged by 3 mM 8Br-cAMP. The spontaneous spike discharge of the neurons in the dark was not affected by the cyclic nucleotides. The mechanism of these results can be explained if cGMP is an intracellular second messenger of light responses in the pineal photoreceptors and the blocking effect on photoresponses by externally applied 8Br-cGMP is caused by compensating for the reduction in intracellular cGMP by light. However, it does not indicate that the parietal eye type of photoreceptor found in lizard participates in the chromatic and achromatic-type responses in the lamprey pineal organ.