Effects of cytosolic Ca2+ on membrane voltage and conductance of cultured mesangial cells from stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats and WKY rats

Nakagawa, K.; Ueda, S.; Kida, H.; Sawamura, M.; Ikeda, K.; Yamori, Y.

Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 256(2): 273-277

1999


ISSN/ISBN: 0006-291X
PMID: 10079175
DOI: 10.1006/bbrc.1998.0219
Accession: 010549124

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Abstract
Mesangial cells (MC) are considered to play an important role in the development of hypertension. The purpose of this study was to characterize the effects of cytosolic Ca2+ on membrane voltage and conductance of MC using stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP) and Wistar Kyoto rats (WKY). We applied the patch-clamp technique in the whole-cell configuration to measure membrane potential (Vm) and ion currents. There was no significant difference in resting Vm values between MC from WKY and SHRSP. The cytosolic Ca2+ increase induced membrane depolarization and the increase of Cl- currents in MC from WKY but not in MC from SHRSP. On the other hand, the Ca2+ increase induced membrane hyperpolarization and the increase of K+ currents in MC from SHRSP but not in MC from WKY. Such differences between MC from two rat strains may play an important role in the alterations in renal hemodynamics observed in hypertension.

Effects of cytosolic Ca2+ on membrane voltage and conductance of cultured mesangial cells from stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats and WKY rats