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Effects of some fumigants on mortality of pine wood nematode, Bursaphelenchus xylophilus infecting wooden packages. 3. Mortality and fumigation standards for pine wood nematode by methyl bromide



Effects of some fumigants on mortality of pine wood nematode, Bursaphelenchus xylophilus infecting wooden packages. 3. Mortality and fumigation standards for pine wood nematode by methyl bromide



Research Bulletin of the Plant Protection Service Japan 39: 7-14



Mortality tests were conducted in the large-scale applied tests by methyl bromide (MB) to confirm a complete mortality and their CT products for the pine wood nematode, Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (STEINER and BUHRER) NICKLEI. Red pine lumber (15 cm thickX15 cm wideX30 cm long in size) infested with the pine wood nematode were fumigated with MB for 24 hours with 25% and 50% loading. No survivor of the nematode was observed on the samples fumigated at 70 g/m3 at 10degreeC, 50 g/m3 at 15degreeC, at 40 g/m3 at 20degreeC and 30 g/m3 at 25XC, respectively, while some survivors were observed on the sample fumigated at as much as 100 g/m3 at 5degreeC. Approximately CT products for complete moralities were 900 mgcntdoth/l at 10degreeC, 700 mgcntdoth/l at 15degreeC, 600 mgcntdoth/l at 20degreeC and 500 mgcntdoth/l at 25degreeC, respectively. Gas absorption for lumber and board (15 cm thickX15 cm wideX30 cm long in size) fumigated at 50 g/m3 for 24 hours at 15 and 25degreeC showed that higher gas absorption was observed on fumigation conditions of low temperature, high loading, low moisture content, board with larger surface area.

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