Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry of 5-methyl-2'-deoxycytidine and its determination in urine by liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry

Zambonin, C.G.; Palmisano, F.

Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry Rcm 13(21): 2160-2165


ISSN/ISBN: 0951-4198
PMID: 10523775
DOI: 10.1002/(sici)1097-0231(19991115)13:21<2160::aid-rcm768>3.0.co;2-d
Accession: 010577392

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The behaviour of 5-methyl-2'-deoxycytidine (m(5)dCyd, claimed to be a potential marker for leukaemia) during the electrospray process was studied. In particular, considerations concerning the effect of solution chemistry (e.g. analyte concentration, pH, etc.) on electrospray ionization mass spectra were drawn. Furthermore, a procedure using liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (LC/ESI-MS/MS) for the determination of urinary m(5)dCyd is described. The method is simple, sensitive and highly specific. The pre-treatment procedure gave an average recovery of 79% (relative standard deviation (RSD) of 3%). Method performance was evaluated on spiked urine samples covering the concentration range from 50 ng/mL to 10 microgram/mL, the same as that of an existing inhibition ELISA method. Contrary to findings based on this immunoassay technique, urinary m(5)dCyd in healthy individuals was not detectable and did not increase in the presence of the malignant disease.