Endogenous neurotensin down-regulates dopamine efflux in the nucleus accumbens as revealed by SR-142948A, a selective neurotensin receptor antagonist

Brun, P.; Leonetti, M.; Sotty, F.; Steinberg, R.; Soubrié, P.; Renaud, B.; Suaud-Chagny, M.F.

Journal of Neurochemistry 77(6): 1542-1552


ISSN/ISBN: 0022-3042
PMID: 11413237
DOI: 10.1046/j.1471-4159.2001.00353.x
Accession: 010584066

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SR-142948A belongs to the second generation of potent, selective, non-peptide antagonists of neurotensin receptors. It was used to investigate the role of endogenous neurotensin in the regulation of dopamine efflux in the nucleus accumbens and striatum of anaesthetized and pargyline-treated rats. All the data were obtained using in vivo electrochemistry. Electrically evoked (20 Hz, 10 s) dopamine efflux was monitored by differential pulse amperometry, whereas variations in basal (tonic) dopamine efflux were monitored by differential normal pulse voltammetry. Like the first-generation compound SR-48692, SR-142948A did not affect the tonic and evoked dopamine efflux, but dose-dependently enhanced haloperidol (50 microg/kg, i.p.) induced facilitation of the electrically evoked dopamine release in the nucleus accumbens. In contrast to SR-48692, SR-142948A dose-dependently potentiated haloperidol (50 microg/kg, i.p.) induced increase in the basal dopamine level in the nucleus accumbens. This potentiating effect did not appear in the striatum. When dopaminergic and/or neurotensinergic transmissions were modified by a higher dose of haloperidol (0.5 mg/kg, i.p.), apomorphine, amphetamine or nomifensine, SR-142948A pre-treatment affected only the effect of apomorphine on the basal dopamine level in the nucleus accumbens. These results strengthen the hypothesis that endogenous neurotensin could exert a negative control on mesolimbic dopamine efflux.