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Enhanced CD8+ T cell response to HIV-1 env by combined immunization with influenza and vaccinia virus recombinants

Enhanced CD8+ T cell response to HIV-1 env by combined immunization with influenza and vaccinia virus recombinants

Vaccine 17(7-8): 887-892

With the aim to determine if immunization with two different live recombinant viral vectors could lead to an enhancement of the cellular immune response to HIV-1 antigens, we have characterized the CD8+ T cell response elicited against the V3 loop epitope from HIV-1 env protein in Balb/c mice immunized with either: a recombinant influenza virus (Flu-Env) expressing the V3 loop epitope from HIV-1 strain IIIB, a vaccinia virus recombinant (VV-Env) expressing the complete HIV-1-IIIB env protein, or a combination of both. The CD8+ T cell response, measured by the ELISPOT assay, in animals primed with Flu-Env and boosted with VV-Env was 5 to 6 times higher than in animals inoculated with either Flu-Env or VV-Env alone. Similar results were obtained with recombinant viruses expressing the V3 loop epitope or the complete env protein, respectively, from the MN strain of HIV-1. Our results indicate that the use of two different live vectors for priming and boosting has a synergistic effect on the immune response against HIV-1, and could represent a novel vaccination strategy against AIDS.

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Accession: 010588677

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PMID: 10067695

DOI: 10.1016/s0264-410x(98)00274-6

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