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Enzymatic acidolysis in hexane to produce n-3 or n-6 FA-enriched structured lipids from coconut oil: Optimization of reactions by response surface methodology



Enzymatic acidolysis in hexane to produce n-3 or n-6 FA-enriched structured lipids from coconut oil: Optimization of reactions by response surface methodology



Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society 79(9): 885-890



Response surface methodology is a statistical design that helps one to determine optimal conditions for an enzyme-catalyzed reaction by performing a minimal number of experiments. This methodology was adapted for modifying coconut oil TAG by using lipase-catalyzed acidolysis in hexane to incorporate n-3 or n-6 PUFA. FFA obtained after hydrolysis of cod liver oil and safflower oil were used as acyl donors. Immobilized lipase, Lipozyme IM60, from Rhizomucor miehei was used for catalyzing the reaction. The reaction conditions-substrate molar ratio, incubation time, and temperature-were optimized. The experimental data were fitted to a response function based on the central composite rotatable design. The optimal conditions generated from models indicated that maximal incorporation of n-3 PUFA occurred at a 1:4 molar ratio of TAG/FFA when incubation was carried out for 34 h at 54degreeC. Similarly, maximal incorporation of n-6 FA was predicted at a 1:3 molar ratio of TAG/FFA when incubated for 48.5 h at 39degreeC. Experiments conducted at optimized conditions predicted by the equation obtained from response surface methodology yielded structured lipids with 13.65 and 45.5% of n-3 and n-6 FA, respectively. These values agreed well with that predicted by the model. The reactions were also scaled up to 100 g levels in batch reactors with the incorporation level of n-3 and n-6 fatty acids agreeing closely with that observed when the reactions were carried out at lab scale (100 mg). These studied indicated that response surface methodology is a useful tool in predicting the conditions for incorporating desired levels of specific FA during the synthesis of structured lipids.

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Accession: 010594793

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DOI: 10.1007/s11746-002-0574-7


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