Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the determination of blood coagulation factor XIII A-subunit in plasma and in cell lysates
Katona E, E.; Ajzner, E.; Tóth, K.; Kárpáti, L.; Muszbek, L.
Journal of Immunological Methods 258(1-2): 127-135
ISSN/ISBN: 0022-1759 PMID: 11684129 DOI: 10.1016/s0022-1759(01)00479-3
A new one-step ELISA was developed for the determination of the concentration of blood coagulation factor XIII subunit A (FXIII-A) in plasma and in cell lysates. Monoclonal antibodies directed against different epitopes on FXIII-A were used for the assay. The capture antibody was biotinylated on its carbohydrate moiety and the detection antibody was labelled with horseradish peroxidase. The antigen-antibody reaction was carried out in the well of a streptavidin-coated microplate. Complex formation with FXIII subunit B (FXIII-B) and association to fibrinogen did not influence the accessibility of the antibodies to FXIII-A. The method could be performed within 2 h and demonstrated good reproducibility, recovery and sensitivity. Plasma samples could be assayed after storage at -20 degrees C for at least 6 months. However, in the case of platelet lysates freezing and rethawing resulted in a significant loss of FXIII-A. FXIII-A concentrations measured in the plasma samples of healthy individuals and patients correlated well with the concentrations of complexed plasma FXIII (A2B2) and with the results of FXIII activity measurements. A reference range of 46-82 fg/platelet was established for platelet FXIII-A.