Section 11
Chapter 10,603

Escherichia coli ATP synthase alpha subunit Arg-376: the catalytic site arginine does not participate in the hydrolysis/synthesis reaction but is required for promotion to the steady state

Le, N.P.; Omote, H.; Wada, Y.; Al-Shawi, M.K.; Nakamoto, R.K.; Futai, M.

Biochemistry 39(10): 2778-2783


ISSN/ISBN: 0006-2960
PMID: 10704230
DOI: 10.1021/bi992530h
Accession: 010602346

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The three catalytic sites of the F(O)F(1) ATP synthase interact through a cooperative mechanism that is required for the promotion of catalysis. Replacement of the conserved alpha subunit Arg-376 in the Escherichia coli F(1) catalytic site with Ala or Lys resulted in turnover rates of ATP hydrolysis that were 2 x 10(3)-fold lower than that of the wild type. Mutant enzymes catalyzed hydrolysis at a single site with kinetics similar to that of the wild type; however, addition of excess ATP did not chase bound ATP, ADP, or Pi from the catalytic site, indicating that binding of ATP to the second and third sites failed to promote release of products from the first site. Direct monitoring of nucleotide binding in the alphaR376A and alphaR376K mutant F(1) by a tryptophan in place of betaTyr-331 (Weber et al. (1993) J. Biol. Chem. 268, 20126-20133) showed that the catalytic sites of the mutant enzymes, like the wild type, have different affinities and therefore, are structurally asymmetric. These results indicate that alphaArg-376, which is close to the beta- or gamma-phosphate group of bound ADP or ATP, respectively, does not make a significant contribution to the catalytic reaction, but coordination of the arginine to nucleotide filling the low-affinity sites is essential for promotion of rotational catalysis to steady-state turnover.

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