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Evaluation of L-glutamate clearance capacity of cultured rat cortical astrocytes



Evaluation of L-glutamate clearance capacity of cultured rat cortical astrocytes



Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin 23(2): 204-207



Astrocytes have a function in the uptake of excitatory neurotransmitter L-glutamate via the glutamate transporter. To evaluate the L-glutamate clearance capacity of astrocytes, we developed a colorimetric method for the determination of L-glutamate concentration and measured changes in extracellular L-glutamate concentration in rat cortical astrocyte cultures. When L-glutamate (50-200 microM) was added to astrocyte cultures and incubated for 1-8 h, the extracellular L-glutamate concentration declined with time. When L-glutamate was mixed with astrocyte culture supernatants only, no significant change in L-glutamate concentration was observed, ruling out the possibility that L-glutamate is spontaneously or enzymatically degraded in the extracellular space. Alternatively, the time-dependent decline of extracellular L-glutamate concentration was blocked by the presence of glutamate uptake inhibitors, indicating that the glutamate uptake system of astrocytes plays a major role in the clearance of extracellular L-glutamate.

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Accession: 010612931

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 10706385

DOI: 10.1248/bpb.23.204


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