Evidence for cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator-dependent sodium reabsorption in kidney, using Cftr (tm2cam) mice

Kibble, J.D.; Neal, A.M.; Colledge, W.H.; Green, R.; Taylor, C.J.

Journal of Physiology 526 Pt 1: 27-34


ISSN/ISBN: 0022-3751
PMID: 10878096
DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-7793.2000.00027.x
Accession: 010622359

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The aims of this study were to investigate (a) if renal Na(+) handling was normal in Cftr(tm2cam) delta F508 cystic fibrosis mice, (b) whether adaptation to dietary salt depletion was preserved and (c) whether Cftr(tm2cam) delta F508 mice exhibited enhanced amiloride-sensitive Na(+) absorption. In Na(+)-replete animals (maintained on a 0.32 % NaCl diet) given a 150 mM NaCl i.v. maintenance infusion, there was no difference in fractional Na(+) excretion (FE(Na)) between wild-type (0. 42 +/- 0.06 %, n = 12) and Cftr(tm2cam) delta F508 mice (0.47 +/- 0.13 %, n = 7). Amiloride infusion significantly increased FE(Na) in both wild-type (3.14 +/- 0.83 %, n = 6) and Cftr(tm2cam) delta F508 mice (3. 47 +/- 0.63 %, n = 9), though with no significant difference between genotypes. A 14 day dietary salt restriction (animals maintained on a 0.03 % NaCl diet) and maintenance infusion with a 15 mM NaCl vehicle caused a reduction in FE(Na) to 0.14 +/- 0.05 %, n = 8 in wild-type mice and 0.14 +/- 0.04 %, n = 8 in Cftr(tm2cam) delta F508 mice. No significant difference in the ability to adapt to low salt conditions was apparent comparing the two genotypes. Treatment of salt-restricted mice with amiloride resulted in a blunted natriuresis in both wild-type mice (FE(Na) = 1.10 +/- 0.16 %, n = 7) and Cftr(tm2cam) delta F508 mice (FE(Na) = 1.97 +/- 0.29 %, n = 9). The natriuresis induced by amiloride was significantly greater in Cftr(tm2cam) delta F508 mice than in wild-type controls. In conclusion, Cftr(tm2cam) delta F508 mice exhibit normal renal salt excretion when either salt replete or salt restricted. Enhanced amiloride-sensitive FE(Na) is consistent with increased Na(+) absorption via the amiloride-sensitive sodium channel ENaC, in cystic fibrosis kidney, but this was only observed during salt restriction.