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Expression and DNA-binding activity of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 in alcoholic cirrhosis compared to normal liver and primary biliary cirrhosis in humans



Expression and DNA-binding activity of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 in alcoholic cirrhosis compared to normal liver and primary biliary cirrhosis in humans



American Journal of Pathology 162(2): 587-596



In rats, activation of the cytokine-inducible transcription factor signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (Stat3) is impaired in the liver after ethanol administration. The aim was to examine Stat3 expression, localization, and activity in alcoholic liver disease (ALD) in humans. Explanted livers of ALD patients were compared to normal and primary biliary cirrhosis livers. Protein expression, DNA-binding, and subcellular localization of Stat3 was examined by Western blotting, electrophoretic mobility shift assays, and immunohistochemistry; and interleukin-6, Stat3, and suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS)-3 mRNA expression by quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Stat3 proteins increased markedly in ALD, mainly in hepatocyte and proliferating biliary epithelial cell nuclei. In contrast to normal and primary biliary cirrhosis livers where Stat3 DNA-binding occurred normally, no Stat3 DNA-binding complexes were observed in ALD, although the tyrosine and serine phosphorylation of Stat3 was not altered. Elevated interleukin-6 mRNA was found in ALD whereas Stat3 and suppressor of cytokine signaling-3 mRNA levels were decreased. Although end-stage ALD is characterized by up-regulation of Stat3 proteins, this transcription factor appears to be functionally inactive. Furthermore, decreased transcription of the Stat3 gene in ALD might also affect cytoplasmic reserves of inactivated Stat3 in the long term. Impaired activation and restoration of Stat3 might thus contribute to the development of cell damage leading to liver cirrhosis in ALD.

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Accession: 010635433

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 12547716

DOI: 10.1016/s0002-9440(10)63852-7


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