Section 11

EurekaMag Full Text Articles Chapter 10,648


Chapman, L.; Nishimura, A.; Buckingham, J.C.; Morris, J.F.; Christian, H.C. 2002: Externalization of annexin i from a folliculo-stellate-like cell line. Endocrinology 143(11): 4330-4338
Kesari, K.V.; Yoshizaki, N.; Geng, X.; Lin, J.J.; Das, K.M. 1999: Externalization of tropomyosin isoform 5 in colon epithelial cells. Clinical and Experimental Immunology 118(2): 219-227
Frank, J.B.; Thomas, C.D. 2003: Externalized self-perceptions, self-silencing, and the prediction of eating pathology. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science 35(3): 219-228
Masi, G.; Toni, C.; Perugi, G.; Travierso, M.C.; Millepiedi, S.; Mucci, M.; Akiskal, H.S. 2003: Externalizing disorders in consecutively referred children and adolescents with bipolar disorder. Comprehensive Psychiatry 44(3): 184-189
Wesche, J.; Wiedłocha, A.; Falnes, P.O.; Choe, S.; Olsnes, S. 2000: Externally added aFGF mutants do not require extensive unfolding for transport to the cytosol and the nucleus in NIH/3T3 cells. Biochemistry 39(49): 15091-15100
Stroganova, T.A.; Orekhova, E.V.; Posikera, I.N. 1998: Externally and internally controlled attention in infants: An EEG study. International Journal of Psychophysiology: Official Journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology 30(3): 339-351
Cunningham, J.J.; Linderman, J.J.; Mooney, D.J. 2002: Externally applied cyclic strain regulates localization of focal contact components in cultured smooth muscle cells. Annals of Biomedical Engineering 30(7): 927-935
Cooke, S.J. 2003: Externally attached radio transmitters do not affect the parental care behaviour of rock bass. Journal of Fish Biology il; 62(4): 965-970
Barbalias, G.A.; Liatsikos, E.N.; Kalogeropoulou, C.; Karnabatidis, D.; Zabakis, P.; Athanasopoulos, A.; Perimenis, P.; Siablis, D. 2002: Externally coated ureteral metallic stents: An unfavorable clinical experience. European Urology 42(3): 276-280
Miyara, R.; Shiba, K.; Koshiji, K.; Fujiwara, O.; Nakamura, Y.; Kakuta, Y.; Tatsumi, E.; Taenaka, Y.; Takano, H. 2000: Externally coupled transcutaneous energy transmission system for a totally implantable artificial heart: An investigation into reductions in the input voltage and the attachability of the transcutaneous transformer. Japanese Journal of Artificial Organs 29(1): 11-17
Blank, R.; Heizer, W.; Von Voss, H. 1999: Externally guided control of static grip forces by visual feedback-age and task effects in 3-6-year old children and in adults. Neuroscience Letters 271(1): 41-44
Sousa-Escandón, A.; Lema Grillé, J.; Rodríguez Gómez, Jé.Ignacio.; Rios Tallón, L.; Uribarri González, C.; Marqués-Queimadelos, A. 2003: Externally readjustable device to regulate sling tension in stress urinary incontinence: preliminary results. Journal of Endourology 17(7): 515-521
Koper, C.; Jenneskens, L.W.; Sarobe, M. 2002: Externally-fused cyclopenta moieties in non-alternant CP-PAHs act as peri-substituents. Tetrahedron Letters 43(21): 3833-3836
V-Stuckrad-Barre, S.; Wekerle, G.; Pfefferkorn, T.; Strupp, M. 2002: Externe Ophthalmoplegie durch Amitriptylin-Intoxikation. Nervenarzt 73(2): 174-176
Tataroglu, C.; Kanik, A.; Sahin, G.; Ozge, A.; Yalçinkaya, D.; Idiman, F. 2002: Exteroceptive suppression patterns of masseter and temporalis muscles in central and peripheral headache disorders. Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache 22(6): 444-452
Lipchik, G.L.; Holroyd, K.A.; O'donnell, F.J.; Cordingley, G.E.; Waller, S.; Labus, J.; Davis, M.K.; French, D.J. 2000: Exteroceptive suppression periods and pericranial muscle tenderness in chronic tension-type headache: Effects of psychopathology, chronicity and disability. Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache 20(7): 638-646
Churcher, C.S. 2000: Extinct equids from Limeworks Cave and Cave of Hearths, Makapansgat, Northern Province, and a consideration of variation in the cheek teeth of Equus capensis Broom. Palaeontologia Africana 36: 97-117
Feiler, A. 1999: Extinct mammals, type specimens and remarkable local series of mammals in the collection of the Staatliches Museum fuer Tierkunde Dresden (Mammalia). Zoologische Abhandlungen 50: 401-414
Lilliquist, M.W.; Nair, H.P.; Gonzalez-Lima, F.; Amsel, A. 1999: Extinction after regular and irregular reward schedules in the infant rat: Influence of age and training duration. Developmental Psychobiology 34(1): 57-70
Raxworthy, C., J.; Nussbaum, R., A. 2000: Extinction and extinction vulnerability of amphibians and reptiles in Madagascar. Amphibian and Reptile Conservation 2(1): 15-23
Nåsell, I. 2001: Extinction and quasi-stationarity in the Verhulst logistic model. Journal of Theoretical Biology 211(1): 11-27
Meehan, T.J.; Martin, L.D. 2003: Extinction and re-evolution of similar adaptive types (ecomorphs) in Cenozoic North American ungulates and carnivores reflect van der Hammen's cycles. Die Naturwissenschaften 90(3): 131-135
Janssen, N., M.M.; Clement, A. 2002: Extinction and renewal patterns among Tethyan belemnites in the Verrucosum Subzone (Valanginian) of southeast France. Cretaceous Research 23(4): 509-522
Briggs, J.C. 1999: Extinction and replacement in the Indo-West Pacific Ocean. Journal of Biogeography 26(4): 777-783
Brooks, D.C.; Karamanlian, B.R.; Foster, V.L. 2001: Extinction and spontaneous recovery of ataxic tolerance to ethanol in rats. Psychopharmacology 153(4): 491-496
Petchey, O.L.; Gaston, K.J. 2002: Extinction and the loss of functional diversity. Proceedings. Biological Sciences 269(1501): 1721-1727
Schwaerzel, M.; Heisenberg, M.; Zars, T. 2002: Extinction antagonizes olfactory memory at the subcellular level. Neuron 35(5): 951-960
Rescorla, R.A. 2000: Extinction can be enhanced by a concurrent excitor. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Animal Behavior Processes 26(3): 251-260
Meng, Y.; Huang, X.; Qian, Y. 2001: Extinction characteristics of TiO2 suspension for different band ultraviolet radiation. Huan Jing Ke Xue= Huanjing Kexue 22(2): 46-50
Cho, Y.S.; Wang, Q.J.; Krogmann, D.; Whitmarsh, J. 1999: Extinction coefficients and midpoint potentials of cytochrome c(6) from the cyanobacteria Arthrospira maxima, Microcystis aeruginosa, and Synechocystis 6803. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1413(2): 92-97
Jonsson, B.; Waples, R.S.; Friedland, K.D. 1999: Extinction considerations for diadromous fishes. ICES Journal of Marine Science 56(4): 405-409
Foote, K.G. 1999: Extinction cross-section of Norwegian spring-spawning herring. ICES Journal of Marine Science 56(5): 606-612
Hanski, I. 2000: Extinction debt and species credit in boreal forests: Modelling the consequences of different approaches to biodiversity conservation. Annales Zoologici Fennici 37(4): 271-280
Alonso, D.; Mckane, A. 2002: Extinction dynamics in mainland-island metapopulations: an N-patch stochastic model. Bulletin of Mathematical Biology 64(5): 913-958
Duncan, J., R.; Lockwood, J., L. 2001: Extinction in a field of bullets: A search for causes in the decline of the world's freshwater fishes. Biological Conservation 102(1): 97-105
Vansteenwegen, D.; Crombez, G.; Baeyens, F.; Eelen, P. 1998: Extinction in fear conditioning: Effects on startle modulation and evaluative self-reports. Psychophysiology 35(6): 729-736
Burkey 1999: Extinction in Fragmented Habitats Predicted from Stochastic Birth-death Processes with Density Dependence. Journal of Theoretical Biology 199(4): 395-406
Jensen, A.L. 1999: Extinction in multiple species fisheries harvested with the same gear-The Great Lakes ciscoes. Journal of Great Lakes Research 25(4): 892-896
Bulla, G.A. 1999: Extinction of alpha1-antitrypsin expression in cell hybrids is independent of HNF1alpha and HNF4 and involves both promoter and internal DNA sequences. Nucleic Acids Research 27(4): 1190-1197
Nair, H.P.; Gonzalez-Lima, F. 1999: Extinction of behavior in infant rats: development of functional coupling between septal, hippocampal, and ventral tegmental regions. Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 19(19): 8646-8655
Crespo, J.A.; Manzanares, J.; Oliva, J.M.; Corchero, J.; Palomo, T.; Ambrosio, E. 2001: Extinction of cocaine self-administration produces a differential time-related regulation of proenkephalin gene expression in rat brain. Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology 25(2): 185-194
Richardson, R.; Tronson, N.; Bailey, G.K.; Parnas, A.Sophie. 2002: Extinction of conditioned odor potentiation of startle. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory 78(2): 426-440
Taylor, K.M.; Boakes, R.A. 2002: Extinction of conditioned taste aversions: effects of concentration and overshadowing. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. B Comparative and Physiological Psychology 55(3): 213-239
Punt, A.E. 2000: Extinction of marine renewable resources: A demographic analysis. Population Ecology 42(1): 19-27
Morioka, K.; Takano-Ohmuro, H.; Sameshima, M.; Ueno, T.; Kominami, E.; Sakuraba, H.; Ihara, S. 1999: Extinction of organelles in differentiating epidermis. Acta Histochemica et Cytochemica 32(6): 465-476
Galizio, M. 1999: Extinction of responding maintained by timeout from avoidance. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior 71(1): 1-11
Miyachi, Y. 1999: Extinction of the response to the female's urinary odour as a consequence of low-dose X-irradiation in male hamster, occurs in conjunction with a marked suppression of aggressive behaviour. Behavioural Processes 47(3): 175-188
Denham, J.W.; Kron, T. 2001: Extinction of the weakest. International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics 51(3): 807-819
Chiu, C.H.; Hsu, S.B. 1998: Extinction of top-predator in a three-level food-chain model. Journal of Mathematical Biology 37(4): 372-380
Seabloom, E.W.; Dobson, A.P.; Stoms, D.M. 2002: Extinction rates under nonrandom patterns of habitat loss. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 99(17): 11229-11234
Sangha, S.; Scheibenstock, A.; Morrow, R.; Lukowiak, K. 2003: Extinction requires new RNA and protein synthesis and the soma of the cell right pedal dorsal 1 in Lymnaea stagnalis. Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 23(30): 9842-9851
Kehoe, E.James.; White, N.E. 2002: Extinction revisited: Similarities between extinction and reductions in US intensity in classical conditioning of the rabbit's nictitating membrane response. Animal Learning and Behavior 30(2): 96-111
Halley, J.M.; Kunin, W.E. 1999: Extinction risk and the 1/f family of noise models. Theoretical Population Biology 56(3): 215-230
Senina, I.; Tyutyunov, Y.; Arditi, R. 1999: Extinction risk assessment and optimal harvesting of anchovy and sprat in the Azov Sea. Journal of Applied Ecology 36(2): 297-306
Matsuda, H.; Takenaka, Y.; Yahara, T.; Uozumi, Y. 1998: Extinction risk assessment of declining wild populations: The case of the southern bluefin tuna. Researches on Population Ecology (Kyoto) 40(3): 271-278
Matsuda, H.; Yahara, T.; Kaneko, Y. 2000: Extinction risk assessment of threatened species. Population Ecology 42(1): 3-4
Boughton, D.; Malvadkar, U. 2002: Extinction risk in successional landscapes subject to catastrophic disturbances. Conservation Ecology 6(2): Unpaginated
Hakoyama, H.; Iwasa, Y. 2000: Extinction risk of a density-dependent population estimated from a time series of population size. Journal of Theoretical Biology 204(3): 337-359
Heino, M.; Ripa, J.; Kaitala, V. 2000: Extinction risk under coloured environmental noise. Ecography 23(2): 177-184
Ovaskainen, O.; Hanski, I. 2003: Extinction threshold in metapopulation models. Annales Zoologici Fennici 30: 81-97
Deredec, A.; Courchamp, F. 2003: Extinction thresholds in host-parasite dynamics. Annales Zoologici Fennici 30: 115-130
Bascompte, J. 2003: Extinction thresholds: Insights from simple models. Annales Zoologici Fennici 40(2): 99-114
Van Herwaarden, O.A.; van der Wal, N.J. 2002: Extinction time and age of an allele in a large finite population. Theoretical Population Biology 61(3): 311-318
Swinton, J. 1998: Extinction times and phase transitions for spatially structured closed epidemics. Bulletin of Mathematical Biology 60(2): 215-230
Park, A.W.; Gubbins, S.; Gilligan, C.A. 2002: Extinction times for closed epidemics: The effects of host spatial structure. Ecology Letters 5(6): 747-755
Lande, R.; Engen, S.; Saether, B.E.ik 1998: Extinction times in finite metapopulation models with stochastic local dynamics. Oikos 83(2): 383-389
Gray, J.B.; Wentworth, T.R.; Brownie, C. 2003: Extinction, colonization, and persistence of rare vascular flora in the longleaf pine-wiregrass ecosystem: Responses to fire frequency and population size. Natural Areas Journal 23(3): 210-219
Newman, M.E.J.; Sibani, P. 1999: Extinction, diversity and survivorship of taxa in the fossil record. Proceedings of the Royal Society Biological Sciences Series B 266(1428): 1593-1599
Riestra, A.R.; Crucian, G.P.; Burks, D.W.; Womack, K.B.; Heilman, K.M. 2001: Extinction, working memory, and line bisection in spatial neglect. Neurology 57(1): 147-149
Mcelroy, T.C.; Kandl, K.L.; Garcia, J.; Trexler, J.C. 2003: Extinction-colonization dynamics structure genetic variation of spotted sunfish (Lepomis punctatus) in the Florida Everglades. Molecular Ecology 12(2): 355-368
Simberloff, D. 2000: Extinction-proneness of island species: Causes and management implications. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 48(1): 1-9, 30 June
Fowler, M.S.; Lindstrom, J. 2002: Extinctions in simple and complex communities. Oikos 99(3): 511-517
Okada, M.; Fujita, T.; Sakaguchi, T.; Olson, K.E.; Collins, T.; Stern, D.M.; Yan, S.F.; Pinsky, D.J. 2001: Extinguishing Egr-1-dependent inflammatory and thrombotic cascades after lung transplantation. Faseb Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology 15(14): 2757-2759
Pape, P.C.; Fénelon, K.; Carrier, N. 2002: Extra activation component of calcium release in frog muscle fibres. Journal of Physiology 542(Pt 3): 867-886
Bismar, H.A.; Murshid, K.R. 2003: Extra adrenal retroperitoneal paraganglioma. Saudi Medical Journal 24(7): 778-780
Smith, I.; Dussurget, O.; Rodriguez, G.M.; Timm, J.; Gomez, M.; Dubnau, J.; Gold, B.; Manganelli, R. 1998: Extra and intracellular expression of Mycobacterium tuberculosis genes. Tubercle and Lung Disease: the Official Journal of the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 79(2): 91-97
Couillard-Després, S.; Meier, J.; Julien, J.P. 2000: Extra axonal neurofilaments do not exacerbate disease caused by mutant Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase. Neurobiology of Disease 7(4): 462-470
Kraehn, G.M.; Utikal, J.; Udart, M.; Greulich, K.M.; Bezold, G.; Kaskel, P.; Leiter, U.; Peter, R.U. 2001: Extra c-myc oncogene copies in high risk cutaneous malignant melanoma and melanoma metastases. British Journal of Cancer 84(1): 72-79
Montagnani, S.; Castaldo, C.; Di Meglio, F.; Sciorio, S.; Giordano-Lanza, G. 2000: Extra cellular matrix features in human meninges. Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology 105(3): 167-177
Jackson, R.G.; Sales, K.M.; Samra, G.S.; Strunin, L. 2001: Extra cranial sources of S100B. British Journal of Anaesthesia 86(4): 601
Klevay, L.M. 2002: Extra dietary copper inhibits LDL oxidation. American journal of clinical nutrition 76(3): 687-8; author reply 688
Carsons, S. 2001: Extra domain-positive fibronectins in arthritis: wolf in sheep's clothing?. Rheumatology 40(7): 721-723
Borg, E.; Viberg, A. 2002: Extra inner hair cells in the developing rabbit cochlea. Hearing Research 172(1-2): 10-13
Liu, S.; Zhang, M.Y.; Song, Q.; Zhang, X.; Kadijevic, L.; Shi, Q. 1999: Extra leader sequence affects immunoactivity of cardiac troponin i. Clinical Chemistry 45(8 Part 1): 1300-1302
Meier, J.; Couillard-Després, S.; Jacomy, H.; Gravel, C.; Julien, J.P. 1999: Extra neurofilament NF-L subunits rescue motor neuron disease caused by overexpression of the human NF-H gene in mice. Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology 58(10): 1099-1110
Griffith, S.C.; Owens, I.P.F.; Thuman, K.A. 2002: Extra pair paternity in birds: A review of interspecific variation and adaptive function. Molecular Ecology 11(11): 2195-2212
Banfield, S.; Mccabe, M.P. 2001: Extra relationship involvement among women: Are they different from men?. Archives of Sexual Behavior 30(2): 119-142
Amir, R.; Devor, M. 2003: Extra spike formation in sensory neurons and the disruption of afferent spike patterning. Biophysical Journal 84(4): 2700-2708
Hannoush, R.N.; Damha, M.J. 2001: Extra stable 2',5'-linked RNA loops. Nucleosides Nucleotides and Nucleic Acids 20(4-7): 1201-1204
Angelici, F.M.; Luiselli, L. 1999: Extra teeth and dental anomalies in the crested porcupine Hystrix cristata, from Sicily. Acta Theriologica 44(2): 219-223
Geelen, S., N.J.; Sloet-Van-Oldruitenborgh-Oosterbaan, M., M.; Beynen, A., C. 2001: Extra vet in de voeding van sportpaarden - een voordeel?. Tijdschrift voor Diergeneeskunde 126(9): 310-316
Toncheva-Panova, T.; Donchev, A.; Dimitrov, M.I.; Ivanova, J. 2002: Extra- and intra-cellular lytic effects of Cytophaga sp. LR2 on the red microalgae Rhodella reticulata. Journal of Applied Microbiology 93(5): 751-757
Daudu, P.A.; Roy, A.; Rozanov, C.; Mokashi, A.; Lahiri, S. 2002: Extra- and intracellular free iron and the carotid body responses. Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology 130(1): 21-31
Sabirov, R.Z.; Prenen, J.; Droogmans, G.; Nilius, B. 2000: Extra- and intracellular proton-binding sites of volume-regulated anion channels. Journal of Membrane Biology 177(1): 13-22
Brailoiu, E.; Dun, N.J. 2003: Extra- and intracellular sphingosylphosphorylcholine promote spontaneous transmitter release from frog motor nerve endings. Molecular Pharmacology 63(6): 1430-1436
Watanabe, K.; Ogura, G.; Tajino, T.; Suzuki, T. 2002: Extra-abdominal desmoid fibromatosis: Two familial cases with synchronous and metachronous multicentric hyalinizing nodules. Histopathology 41(2): 118-121
Slight, S.H.; Joseph, J.; Ganjam, V.K.; Weber, K.T. 1999: Extra-adrenal mineralocorticoids and cardiovascular tissue. Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology 31(6): 1175-1184
Vendeira, P.; Guimarães, M.; Silva, C.; Cruz, F.; Reis, M. 1999: Extra-adrenal phechromocytoma and renal cell carcinoma--an unusual case of tumour synchronism. Scandinavian Journal of Urology and Nephrology 33(2): 133-135
Davies, E.; Mackenzie, S.M. 2003: Extra-adrenal production of corticosteroids. Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology 30(7): 437-445
Liu, H.S.; Chang, Y.K.; Chu, T.Y.; Yu, M.H.; Chen, W.H. 1998: Extra-amniotic balloon with PGE2 versus extra-ovular Foley catheter with PGF2alpha in mid-trimester pregnancy termination. International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics: the Official Organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics 63(1): 51-54
Debby, A.; Sagiv, R.; Girtler, O.; Sadan, O.; Glezerman, M.; Golan, A. 2003: Extra-amniotic prostaglandin E2 for midtrimester termination of pregnancy in live fetuses vs. fetal demise. Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics 268(4): 301-303
Mawire, C.J.; Chipato, T.; Rusakaniko, S. 1999: Extra-amniotic saline infusion versus extra-amniotic prostaglandin F2alpha for cervical ripening and induction of labor. International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics: the Official Organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics 64(1): 35-41
Guinn, D.A.; Goepfert, A.R.; Christine, M.; Owen, J.; Hauth, J.C. 2000: Extra-amniotic saline, laminaria, or prostaglandin E(2) gel for labor induction with unfavorable cervix: a randomized controlled trial. Obstetrics and Gynecology 96(1): 106-112
Huber, K.L.; Joseph, A.; Mukherjee, D. 2001: Extra-anatomic arterial reconstruction with ligation of common iliac arteries and embolization of the aneurysm for the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms in high-risk patients. Journal of Vascular Surgery 33(4): 745-751
Ishitobi, K.; Moteki, K.; Nara, S.; Akiyama, Y.; Kodera, K.; Kaneda, S. 2001: Extra-anatomic bypass graft for management of axillary artery occlusion in pitchers. Journal of Vascular Surgery 33(4): 797-801
Madan, A.K.; Santora, T.A.; Disesa, V.J. 2000: Extra-anatomic bypass grafting for aortoesophageal fistula: a logical operation. Journal of Vascular Surgery 32(5): 1030-1033
Minhas, S.; Irving, H.C.; Lloyd, S.N.; Eardley, I.; Browning, A.J.; Joyce, A.D. 1999: Extra-anatomic stents in ureteric obstruction: Experience and complications. BJU International 84(7): 762-764
Murai, N.; Imazeki, T.; Iwata, H.; Saito, M.; Gon, S. 2001: Extra-anatomical bypass in high-risk patients. Dokkyo Journal of Medical Sciences 28(1): 741-743
Hansson, A-S.; Lu, S.; Holmdahl, R. 2002: Extra-articular cartilage affected in collagen-induced, but not pristane-induced, arthritis models. Clinical and Experimental Immunology 127(1): 37-42
Turesson, C.; O'fallon, W.M.; Crowson, C.S.; Gabriel, S.E.; Matteson, E.L. 2003: Extra-articular disease manifestations in rheumatoid arthritis: Incidence trends and risk factors over 46 years. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 62(8): 722-727
Djian, P.; Christel, P. 2000: Extra-articular endoscopy of the musculo-skeletal system. Rhumatologie 52(2): 34-35
McGuire, D.A.; Wolchok, J.C. 2000: Extra-articular lateral reconstruction technique. Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery: Official Publication of the Arthroscopy Association of North America and the International Arthroscopy Association 16(5): 553-557
Cimmino, M.A.; Salvarani, C.; Macchioni, P.; Montecucco, C.; Fossaluzza, V.; Mascia, M.T.; Punzi, L.; Davoli, C.; Filippini, D.; Numo, R. 2000: Extra-articular manifestations in 587 Italian patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatology International 19(6): 213-217
Turesson, C.; Jacobsson, L.; Bergström, U. 1999: Extra-articular rheumatoid arthritis: Prevalence and mortality. Rheumatology 38(7): 668-674
Nussenbaum, B.; Roland, P.S.; Gilcrease, M.Z.; Odell, D.S. 1999: Extra-articular synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint: pitfalls in diagnosis. Archives of Otolaryngology--Head and Neck Surgery 125(12): 1394-1397
Nakamura, S.; Kusuzaki, K.; Murata, H.; Takeshita, H.; Hirata, M.; Hashiguchi, S.; Hirasawa, Y. 2001: Extra-articular wide tumor resection and limb reconstruction in malignant bone tumors invading the knee joint. Oncology Reports 8(2): 365-368
Beskonakli, E.; Kaptanoglu, E.; Okutan, O.; Solaroglu, I.; Taskin, Yç. 2002: Extra-axial cavernomas of the cerebellopontine angle involving the seventh-eighth nerve complex. Neurosurgical Review 25(4): 222-224
Kashyap, P.; Sabu, A.; Pandey, A.; Szakacs, G.; Soccol, C.R. 2002: Extra-cellular L-glutaminase production by Zygosaccharomyces rouxii under solid-state fermentation. Process Biochemistry 38(3): 307-312
Melis, M.Rosaria.; Succu, S.; Mascia, M.Stefania.; Cortis, L.; Argiolas, A. 2003: Extra-cellular dopamine increases in the paraventricular nucleus of male rats during sexual activity. European Journal of Neuroscience 17(6): 1266-1272
Handra-Luca, A.; Bilal, H.; Bertrand, J-Charles.; Fouret, P. 2003: Extra-cellular signal-regulated ERK-1/ERK-2 pathway activation in human salivary gland mucoepidermoid carcinoma: association to aggressive tumor behavior and tumor cell proliferation. American Journal of Pathology 163(3): 957-967
Paolicchi, A.; Lorenzini, E.; Perego, P.; Supino, R.; Zunino, F.; Comporti, M.; Pompella, A. 2002: Extra-cellular thiol metabolism in clones of human metastatic melanoma with different gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase expression: Implications for cell response to platinum-based drugs. International Journal of Cancer 97(6): 740-745
Goovaerts, H.G.; Faes, T.J.; de Valk-de Roo, G.W.; ten Bolscher, M.; Netelenbosch, J.C.; van der Vijgh, W.J.; Heethaar, R.M. 1998: Extra-cellular volume estimation by electrical impedance--phase measurement or curve fitting: a comparative study. Physiological Measurement 19(4): 517-526
Hande, M.P.; Balajee, A.S.; Tchirkov, A.; Wynshaw-Boris, A.; Lansdorp, P.M. 2001: Extra-chromosomal telomeric DNA in cells from Atm(-/-) mice and patients with ataxia-telangiectasia. Human Molecular Genetics 10(5): 519-528
Scott, R.P.W. 2002: Extra-column dispersion in liquid chromatography systems. Journal of Liquid Chromatography and Related Technologies 25(17): 2567-2587
Neves, W.A.; Powell, J.F.; Ozolins, E.G. 1999: Extra-continental morphological affinities of Lapa Vermelha IV, hominid 1: A multivariate analysis with progressive numbers of variables. Homo 50(3): 263-282
Neves, W.A.; Powell, J.F.; Ozolins, E.G. 1999: Extra-continental morphological affinities of Palli Aike, southern Chile. Interciencia 24(4): 258-263
Potts, R.J.; Notarianni, L.J.; Jefferies, T.M. 1999: Extra-epididymal spermatozoa express nuclear abnormalities. International Journal of Andrology 22(4): 282-288
Janssens, H.M.; De Jongste, J.C.; Hop, W.C.J.; Tiddens, H.A.W.M. 2003: Extra-fine particles improve lung delivery of inhaled steroids in infants: a study in an upper airway model. Chest 123(6): 2083-2088
Subirana, J.A.; Abrescia, N.G. 2000: Extra-helical guanine interactions in DNA. Biophysical Chemistry 86(2-3): 179-189
Thamboo, T.p.; Tan, K-Bing.; Wang, S-Chang.; Salto-Tellez, M. 2003: Extra-hepatic embolisation of Y-90 microspheres from selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT) of the liver. Pathology 35(4): 351-353
Dussaux, P.; Brion, F.; Plas, J.; Jeanneau, A.; Brion, S. 1998: Extra-hippocampal lesions and alteration of didactic knowledge (semantic explicit memory). Revue Neurologique (Paris) 154(10): 675-680
Svedberg, P.; Johansson, S.; Wallander, M-A.; Hamelin, B.; Pedersen, N.L. 2002: Extra-intestinal manifestations associated with irritable bowel syndrome: A twin study. Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics 16(5): 975-983
Gay, G.; Granel, F.; Regent, D. 1999: Extra-intestinal manifestations of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Acta Endoscopica 29(3): 263-273
Lee, W.S.; Puthucheary, S.D.; Parasakthi, N. 2000: Extra-intestinal non-typhoidal Salmonella infections in children. Annals of Tropical Paediatrics 20(2): 125-129
Machtans, C.S. 2000: Extra-limital observations of Broad-winged Hawk, Buteo platypterus, Connecticut Warbler, Oporornis agilis, and other bird observations from the Liard Valley, Northwest Territories. Canadian Field-Naturalist 114(4): 671-679
Menasce, L.P.; Banerjee, S.S.; Beckett, E.; Harris, M. 1999: Extra-medullary myeloid tumour (granulocytic sarcoma) is often misdiagnosed: A study of 26 cases. Histopathology 34(5): 391-398
Au, W.Y.; Kwong, Y.L.; Lie, A.K.; Ma, S.K.; Liang, R. 1999: Extra-medullary relapse of leukemia following allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. Hematological Oncology 17(2): 45-52
Reddy, V.Y.; Neuzil, P.; Ruskin, J.N. 2003: Extra-ostial pulmonary venous isolation: Use of epicardial ablation to eliminate a point of conduction breakthrough. Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology 14(6): 663-666
Lekuona, JM.; Campos, F. 1998: Extra-pair copulations of grey heron Ardea cinerea in Arcachon Bay (SW France). Miscellanea Zoologica 21(2): 73-80
Otter, K.A.; Stewart, I.R.K.; Mcgregor, P.K.; Terry, A.M.R.; Dabelsteen, T.; Burke, T. 2001: Extra-pair paternity among Great Tits Parus major following manipulation of male signals. Journal of Avian Biology 32(4): 338-344
Arnold, K.E.; Owens, I.P.F. 2002: Extra-pair paternity and egg dumping in birds: Life history, parental care and the risk of retaliation. Proceedings. Biological Sciences 269(1497): 1263-1269
Cordero, P.J.; Wetton, J.H.; Parkin, D.T. 1999: Extra-pair paternity and male badge size in the House Sparrow. Journal of Avian Biology 30(1): 97-102
Kempenaers, B.; Everding, S.; Bishop, C.; Boag, P.; Robertson, R., J. 2001: Extra-pair paternity and the reproductive role of male floaters in the tree swallow (Tachycineta bicolor). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 49(4): 251-259
Birkhead, T.R.; Hatchwell, B.J.; Lindner, R.; Blomqvist, D.; Pellatt, E.J.; Griffiths, R.; Lifjeld, J.T. 2001: Extra-pair paternity in the Common Murre. Condor 103(1): 158-162
Cordero, P.J.; Veiga, J.P.; Moreno, J.; Parkin, D.T. 2003: Extra-pair paternity in the facultatively polygynous spotless starling, Sturnus unicolor. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology e; 54(1): 1-6
Buchanan, K.L.; Catchpole, C.K. 2000: Extra-pair paternity in the socially monogamous Sedge Warbler Acrocephalus schoenobaenus as revealed by multilocus DNA fingerprinting. Ibis 142(1): 12-20
Huyvaert, K.P.; Anderson, D.J.; Jones, T.C.; Duan, W.; Parker, P.G. 2000: Extra-pair paternity in waved albatrosses. Molecular Ecology 9(9): 1415-1419
Schmoll, T.; Janzon, V.; Epplen, J.ör.T.; Lubjuhn, T. 2003: Extra-pair sires as identified by means of standardized across-gel comparisons of multilocus DNA fingerprints. Electrophoresis 24(16): 2758-2763
Maltezou, H.C.; Spyridis, P.; Kafetzis, D.A. 2000: Extra-pulmonary tuberculosis in children. Archives of Disease in Childhood 83(4): 342-346
Sangi-Haghpeykar, H.; Poindexter, A.N.; Young, A.; Levesque, J.E.; Horth, F. 2003: Extra-relational sex among Hispanic women and their condom-related behaviours and attitudes. Aids Care 15(4): 505-512
Chuang, F-Rong.; Lee, C-Hsiung.; Chen, J-Bor.; Cheng, Y-Fu.; Yang, B-Yau.; Hsu, K-Tai.; Wu, M-Szu. 2002: Extra-renal abscess in chronic hemodialysis patients. Renal Failure 24(4): 511-521
Nakanishi, T.; Horikawa, S.; Hiraoka, K.; Izumi, M.; Yoshimoto, T.; Shima, H.; Takamitsu, Y. 2003: Extra-renal erythropoietin secretion after bilateral nephrectomy. Renal Failure 25(1): 145-148
Iwama, H.; Furuta, S.; Tanigawa, S.; Ohmizo, H.; Ohmori, S.; Kaneko, T. 2001: Extra-strong graduated compression stocking reduces usage of vasopressor agents during spinal anesthesia for cesarean section. Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics 265(2): 60-63
Takahashi, S.; Hasebe, T.; Oda, T.; Sasaki, S.; Kinoshita, T.; Konishi, M.; Ueda, T.; Ochiai, T.; Ochiai, A. 2001: Extra-tumor perineural invasion predicts postoperative development of peritoneal dissemination in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Anticancer Research 21(2b): 1407-1412
Abusheikha, N.; Salha, O.; Brinsden, P. 2000: Extra-uterine pregnancy following assisted conception treatment. Human Reproduction Update 6(1): 80-92
Anderson-Ramcharan, A.; Khan, J.; Ping, A.C.; Harnarayan, C. 2000: Extraadrenal retroperitoneal paraganglioma causing malignant hypertension and permanent visual loss in an eleven-year-old girl. West Indian Medical Journal 49(1): 76-78
Meyer, T.; Schweiger, H.; Lang, W. 1999: Extraanatomic bypass in the treatment of prosthetic vascular graft infection manifesting in the groin. Vasa. Zeitschrift für Gefasskrankheiten 28(4): 283-288
Por, Y.C.; Chew, W.Y.; Low, C.K. 2003: Extraarticular pigmented villonodular synovitis of the distal forearm: a case report. Singapore Medical Journal 44(3): 152-154
Looi, K.P.; Low, C.K.; Yap, Y.M. 1999: Extraarticular villonodular synovitis of the tendoachilles: a case report. Annals of the Academy of Medicine Singapore 28(4): 602-604
Kalamarides, M.; Dewolf, E.; Couvelard, A.; Shahidi, A.; Bouccara, D.; Cyna-Gorse, F.; Rey, A.; Sterkers, O. 2001: Extraaxial primitive neuroectodermal tumor mimicking a vestibular schwannoma: diagnostic and therapeutic difficulties. Report of two cases. Journal of Neurosurgery 94(4): 612-616
Milsom, W.K.; Reid, S.G.; Rantin, F.T.; Sundin, L. 2002: Extrabranchial chemoreceptors involved in respiratory reflexes in the neotropical fish Colossoma macropomum (the tambaqui). Journal of Experimental Biology 205(Part 12): 1765-1774
de Haan, C.C. 2003: Extrabuccal infralabial secretion outlets in Dromophis, Mimophis and Psammophis species (Serpentes, Colubridae, Psammophiini). A probable substitute for 'self-rubbing' and cloacal scent gland functions, and a cue for a taxonomic account. Comptes Rendus Biologies 326(3): 275-286
Benenati, F.W. 2002: Extracanal invasive root resorption: a perplexing oddity. General Dentistry 50(1): 70-71
Julio, V.A.; Freitas, L.G.; Coelho, J.L. Cavalcante; Muscardi, D.C.; Ferraz, S. 2003: Extracao de Femeas de Meloidogyne javanica de Raizes de Tomateiro pela Maceracao com Enzimas Fungicas. Nematologia Brasileira 27(1): 75-80
Wang-Wei; Ma-Deqiang; Xu-Qiang 2000: Extracapsular blunt dissection for hepatic cavernous hemangioma: A report of 59 cases. Zhongguo Zhongliu Linchuang 27(9): 658-659
Minassian, D.C.; Rosen, P.; Dart, J.K.; Reidy, A.; Desai, P.; Sidhu, M.; Kaushal, S.; Wingate, N. 2001: Extracapsular cataract extraction compared with small incision surgery by phacoemulsification: a randomised trial. British Journal of Ophthalmology 85(7): 822-829
Arici, M.K.; Topalkara, A.; Demircan, S.; Erdoğan, H.; Güler, C. 2000: Extracapsular cataract extraction with posterior chamber lens implantation in capsular glaucoma. Ophthalmologica. Journal International D'ophtalmologie. International Journal of Ophthalmology. Zeitschrift für Augenheilkunde 214(4): 260-263
Gogate, P.M.; Deshpande, M.; Wormald, R.P.; Deshpande, R.; Kulkarni, S.R. 2003: Extracapsular cataract surgery compared with manual small incision cataract surgery in community eye care setting in western India: a randomised controlled trial. British Journal of Ophthalmology 87(6): 667-672
Yamashita, H.; Noguchi, S.; Murakami, N.; Toda, M.; Uchino, S.; Watanabe, S.; Kawamoto, H. 1999: Extracapsular invasion of lymph node metastasis. A good indicator of disease recurrence and poor prognosis in patients with thyroid microcarcinoma. Cancer 86(5): 842-849
Prim, M.P.; De Diego, J.I.; Hardisson, D.; Madero, R.; Nistal, M.; Gavilán, J. 1999: Extracapsular spread and desmoplastic pattern in neck lymph nodes: two prognostic factors of laryngeal cancer. Annals of Otology Rhinology and Laryngology 108(7 Part 1): 672-676
Suoglu, Y.; Erdamar, B.; Katircioglu, O.Sami.; Karatay, M.Can.; Sunay, T. 2002: Extracapsular spread in ipsilateral neck and contralateral neck metastases in laryngeal cancer. Annals of Otology Rhinology and Laryngology 111(5 Pt 1): 447-454
Myers, J.N.; Greenberg, J.S.; Mo, V.; Roberts, D. 2001: Extracapsular spread. A significant predictor of treatment failure in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue. Cancer 92(12): 3030-3036
Strickberger, S.A.; Tokano, T.; Kluiwstra, J.U.; Morady, F.; Cain, C. 1999: Extracardiac ablation of the canine atrioventricular junction by use of high-intensity focused ultrasound. Circulation 100(2): 203-208
Ladwig, K.; Röll, G.; Breithardt, G.; Borggrefe, M. 1999: Extracardiac contributions to chest pain perception in patients 6 months after acute myocardial infarction. American Heart Journal 137(3): 528-535
Matsumoto, T.; Oku, H.; Kitayama, H. 1999: Extracardiac total cavopulmonary connection via an atrial and pericardial tunnel. Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 40(4): 543-546
Mcsorley, R.; Frederick, J.J.; Mcgovern, R.J. 1999: Extraccion de Meloidogyne incognita de cormos de caladium. Nematropica 29(2): 245-248
Carrillo, R.; Gonzalez, E.; Neira, M. 2003: Extraccion de larvas y adultos de carabidos (Coleoptera) desde suelo, comparacion de metodos. Revista Chilena de Entomologia 29: 111-115
Light, D.B.; Dahlstrom, P.K.; Gronau, R.T.; Baumann, N.L. 2001: Extracellular ATP activates a P2 receptor in Necturus erythrocytes during hypotonic swelling. Journal of Membrane Biology 182(3): 193-202
Ferrari, Davide; Stroh, Christopher; Wesselborg, Sebastian; Di-Virgilio, Francesco; Schulze-Osthoff, Klaus 2001: Extracellular ATP activates transcription factor NFAT in mouse microglial cells. Drug Development Research 52(1-2): 213-219
Le Feuvre, R.; Brough, D.; Rothwell, N. 2002: Extracellular ATP and P2X7 receptors in neurodegeneration. European Journal of Pharmacology 447(2-3): 261-269
Croucher, L.J.; Crawford, A.; Hatton, P.V.; Russell, R.G.; Buttle, D.J. 2000: Extracellular ATP and UTP stimulate cartilage proteoglycan and collagen accumulation in bovine articular chondrocyte pellet cultures. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1502(2): 297-306
Cavaliere, F.; Sancesario, G.; Bernardi, G.; Volonté, C. 2002: Extracellular ATP and nerve growth factor intensify hypoglycemia-induced cell death in primary neurons: Role of P2 and NGFRp75 receptors. Journal of Neurochemistry 83(5): 1129-1138
Schwiebert, E.M.; Zsembery, A. 2003: Extracellular ATP as a signaling molecule for epithelial cells. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1615(1-2): 7-32
Morelli, A.; Chiozzi, P.; Chiesa, A.; Ferrari, D.; Sanz, J.M.; Falzoni, S.; Pinton, P.; Rizzuto, R.; Olson, M.F.; Di Virgilio, F. 2003: Extracellular ATP causes ROCK I-dependent bleb formation in P2X7-transfected HEK293 cells. Molecular Biology of the Cell 14(7): 2655-2664
Van der Weyden, L.; Rakyan, V.; Luttrell, B.M.; Morris, M.B.; Conigrave, A.D. 2000: Extracellular ATP couples to cAMP generation and granulocytic differentiation in human NB4 promyelocytic leukaemia cells. Immunology and Cell Biology 78(5): 467-473
Bidet, M.; De-Renzis, G.; Martial, S.; Rubera, I.; Tauc, M.; Poujeol, P. 2000: Extracellular ATP increases (CA2+)i in distal tubule cells. I. Evidence for a P2Y2 purinoceptor. American Journal of Physiology 279(1 Part 2): F92-F101
Rubera, I.; Tauc, M.; Bidet, M.; Verheecke-Mauze, C.; De-Renzis, G.; Poujeol, C.; Cuiller, B.; Poujeol, P. 2000: Extracellular ATP increases (Ca2+)i in distal tubule cells. II. Activation of a Ca2+-dependent Cl- conductance. American Journal of Physiology 279(1 Part 2): F102-F111
Fujita, N.; Kakimi, M.; Ikeda, Y.; Hiramoto, T.; Suzuki, K. 2000: Extracellular ATP inhibits starvation-induced apoptosis via P2X2 receptors in differentiated rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells. Life Sciences 66(19): 1849-1859
Gerasimovskaya, E.V.; Ahmad, S.; White, C.W.; Jones, P.L.; Carpenter, T.C.; Stenmark, K.R. 2002: Extracellular ATP is an autocrine/paracrine regulator of hypoxia-induced adventitial fibroblast growth. Signaling through extracellular signal-regulated kinase-1/2 and the Egr-1 transcription factor. Journal of Biological Chemistry 277(47): 44638-44650
Honda, S.; Sasaki, Y.; Ohsawa, K.; Imai, Y.; Nakamura, Y.; Inoue, K.; Kohsaka, S. 2001: Extracellular ATP or ADP induce chemotaxis of cultured microglia through Gi/o-coupled P2Y receptors. Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 21(6): 1975-1982
Kawamura, M.; Niitsu, A.; Nishi, H.; Masaki, E. 2001: Extracellular ATP potentiates steroidogenic effect of adrenocorticotropic hormone in bovine adrenocortical fasciculata cells. Japanese Journal of Pharmacology 85(4): 376-381
Sato, K.; Matsuki, N.; Ohno, Y.; Nakazawa, K. 2000: Extracellular ATP reduces optically monitored electrical signals in hippocampal slices through metabolism to adenosine. European Journal of Pharmacology 399(2-3): 123-129
Into, T.; Okada, K.; Inoue, N.; Yasuda, M.; Shibata, K-ichiro. 2002: Extracellular ATP regulates cell death of lymphocytes and monocytes induced by membrane-bound lipoproteins of Mycoplasma fermentans and Mycoplasma salivarium. Microbiology and Immunology 46(10): 667-675
Ulate, G.; Scott, S.R.; González, J.; Gilabert, J.A.; Artalejo, A.R. 2000: Extracellular ATP regulates exocytosis in inhibiting multiple Ca(2+) channel types in bovine chromaffin cells. Pflugers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology 439(3): 304-314
Shimura, S. 2001: Extracellular ATP regulation of airway secretion. Drug Development Research 52(1-2): 170-177
Jung, J.S.; Hwang, S.M.; Lee, R.H.; Kang, S.K.; Woo, J.S.; Kim, Y.K. 2001: Extracellular ATP stimulates Na+ and Cl- transport through the activation of multiple purinergic receptors on the apical and basolateral membranes in M-1 mouse cortical collecting duct cells. Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 5(3): 231-241
Lenz, G.; Gonçalves, D.; Luo, Z.; Avruch, J.; Rodnight, R.; Neary, J.T. 2001: Extracellular ATP stimulates an inhibitory pathway towards growth factor-induced cRaf-1 and MEKK activation in astrocyte cultures. Journal of Neurochemistry 77(4): 1001-1009
Rossato, M.; Merico, M.; Bettella, A.; Bordon, P.; Foresta, C. 2001: Extracellular ATP stimulates estradiol secretion in rat Sertoli cells in vitro: modulation by external sodium. Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology 178(1-2): 181-187
Pines, A.; Romanello, M.; Cesaratto, L.; Damante, G.; Moro, L.; D'andrea, P.; Tell, G. 2003: Extracellular ATP stimulates the early growth response protein 1 (Egr-1) via a protein kinase C-dependent pathway in the human osteoblastic HOBIT cell line. Biochemical Journal 373(Pt 3): 815-824
Hide, I.; Tanaka, M.; Inoue, A.; Nakajima, K.; Kohsaka, S.; Inoue, K.; Nakata, Y. 2000: Extracellular ATP triggers tumor necrosis factor-alpha release from rat microglia. Journal of Neurochemistry 75(3): 965-972
Di-Virgilio, Francesco [author, Reprint-Author]; Ferrari, Davide; Idzko, Marco; Panther, Elisabeth; Norgauer, Johannes; La-Sala, Andrea; Girolomoni, Giampiero 2003: Extracellular ATP, P2 receptors, and inflammation. Drug Development Research 59(1): 171-174
Conigrave, A.D.; Van Der Weyden, L.; Holt, L.; Jiang, L.; Wilson, P.; Christopherson, R.I.; Morris, M.B. 2000: Extracellular ATP-dependent suppression of proliferation and induction of differentiation of human HL-60 leukemia cells by distinct mechanisms. Biochemical Pharmacology 60(11): 1585-1591
Wu, D.; Mori, N. 1999: Extracellular ATP-induced inward current in isolated epithelial cells of the endolymphatic sac. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1419(1): 33-42
Ekokoski, E.; Dugué, B.; Vainio, M.; Vainio, P.J.; Törnquist, K. 2000: Extracellular ATP-mediated phospholipase A(2) activation in rat thyroid FRTL-5 cells: regulation by a G(i)/G(o) protein, Ca(2+), and mitogen-activated protein kinase. Journal of Cellular Physiology 183(2): 155-162
Alves, L.A.; Coutinho-Silva, R.; Savino, W. 1999: Extracellular ATP: a further modulator in neuroendocrine control of the thymus. Neuroimmunomodulation 6(1-2): 81-89
Shi, H.; Wang, H.Z.; Wang, Z. 2000: Extracellular Ba(2+) blocks the cardiac transient outward K(+) current. American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology 278(1): H295-H299
Rusakov, D.A.; Fine, A. 2003: Extracellular Ca2+ depletion contributes to fast activity-dependent modulation of synaptic transmission in the brain. Neuron 37(2): 287-297
Guo, L.; Davidson, R.M. 1999: Extracellular Ca2+ increases cytosolic free Ca2+ in freshly isolated rat odontoblasts. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research 14(8): 1357-1366
Kawanabe, Y.; Hashimoto, N.; Masaki, T. 2002: Extracellular Ca2+ influx and endothelin-1-induced intracellular mitogenic cascades in rabbit internal carotid artery vascular smooth muscle cells. Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology 40(2): 307-314
Guild, S-J.; Ward, M-L.; Cooper, P.J.; Hanley, P.J.; Loiselle, D.S. 2003: Extracellular Ca2+ is obligatory for ouabain-induced potentiation of cardiac basal energy expenditure. Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology 30(1-2): 103-109
Talavera, K.; Janssens, A.; Klugbauer, N.; Droogmans, G.; Nilius, B. 2003: Extracellular Ca2+ modulates the effects of protons on gating and conduction properties of the T-type Ca2+ channel alpha1G (CaV3.1). Journal of General Physiology 121(6): 511-528
Kellermayer, R.; Aiello, D.P.; Miseta, A.; Bedwell, D.M. 2003: Extracellular Ca(2+) sensing contributes to excess Ca(2+) accumulation and vacuolar fragmentation in a pmr1Delta mutant of S. cerevisiae. Journal of Cell Science 116(Pt 8): 1637-1646
Chu, A.J.; Fox, M.J.; Prasad, J.K. 2000: Extracellular Ca(2+) suppresses endotoxin-inducible tissue factor activation in monocytic THP-1 cells. Cell Biochemistry and Function 18(1): 67-73
Handlogten, M.E.; Shiraishi, N.; Awata, H.; Huang, C.; Miller, R.T. 2000: Extracellular Ca(2+)-sensing receptor is a promiscuous divalent cation sensor that responds to lead. American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology 279(6): F1083-F1091
Chang, W.; Tu, C.; Pratt, S.; Chen, T.-H.; Shoback, D. 2002: Extracellular Ca(2+)-sensing receptors modulate matrix production and mineralization in chondrogenic RCJ3.1C5.18 cells. Endocrinology 143(4): 1467-1474
Batisson, I.; der Vartanian, M. 2000: Extracellular DsbA-insensitive folding of Escherichia coli heat-stable enterotoxin STa in vitro. Journal of Biological Chemistry 275(14): 10582-10589
Massie, A.; Cnops, L.; Smolders, I.; Van Damme, K.; Vandenbussche, E.; Vandesande, F.; Eysel, U.T.; Arckens, L. 2003: Extracellular GABA concentrations in area 17 of cat visual cortex during topographic map reorganization following binocular central retinal lesioning. Brain Research 976(1): 100-108
Blázquez, M.V.; Macho, A.; Ortiz, C.; Lucena, C.; López-Cabrera, M.; Sánchez-Madrid, F.; Muñoz, E. 1999: Extracellular HIV type 1 Tat protein induces CD69 expression through NF-kappaB activation: possible correlation with cell surface Tat-binding proteins. Aids Research and Human Retroviruses 15(13): 1209-1218
Gibellini, D.; Re, M.C.; Miscia, S.; La Placa, M.; Zauli, G. 2000: Extracellular HIV-1 Tat protein activates the transcriptional repressor inducible cAMP early repressor in both the Jurkat cell line and primary peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Aids 14(8): 1059-1061
Mischiati, C.; Pironi, F.; Milani, D.; Giacca, M.; Mirandola, P.; Capitani, S.; Zauli, G. 1999: Extracellular HIV-1 Tat protein differentially activates the JNK and ERK/MAPK pathways in CD4 T cells. Aids 13(13): 1637-1645
Levite, M.; Cahalon, L.; Peretz, A.; Hershkoviz, R.; Sobko, A.; Ariel, A.; Desai, R.; Attali, B.; Lider, O. 2000: Extracellular K(+) and opening of voltage-gated potassium channels activate T cell integrin function: physical and functional association between Kv1.3 channels and beta1 integrins. Journal of Experimental Medicine 191(7): 1167-1176
Bailly, P.; Mouchonière, M.; Bénitah, J.P.; Camilleri, L.; Vassort, G.; Lorente, P. 1998: Extracellular K+ dependence of inward rectification kinetics in human left ventricular cardiomyocytes. Circulation 98(24): 2753-2759
Manzoni, M.; Bergomi, S.; Rollini, M.; Cavazzoni, V.; Felisaz, C.; Marinoni, C. 2000: Extracellular K5 polysaccharidic antigen recovery performed by different cell separation technologies. Biotechnology Letters 22(9): 759-766
Sukhacheva, M.V.; Netrusov, A.I. 2000: Extracellular L-glutamate oxidase of Streptomyces sp. Z-11-6: Obtainment and properties. Mikrobiologiya 69(1): 24-28
Al-Samsam, R.H.; Alessandri, B.; Bullock, R. 2000: Extracellular N-acetyl-aspartate as a biochemical marker of the severity of neuronal damage following experimental acute traumatic brain injury. Journal of Neurotrauma 17(1): 31-39
Oikawa, S.; Sugiyama, M.; Kuroki, M.; Kuroki, M.; Nakazato, H. 2000: Extracellular N-domain alone can mediate specific heterophilic adhesion between members of the carcinoembryonic antigen family, CEACAM6 and CEACAM8. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 278(3): 564-568
Romanello, M.; Padoan, M.; Franco, L.; Veronesi, V.; Moro, L.; D'Andrea, P. 2001: Extracellular NAD(+) induces calcium signaling and apoptosis in human osteoblastic cells. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 285(5): 1226-1231
Romanello, M.; Bicego, M.; Pirulli, D.; Crovella, S.; Moro, L.; D'andrea, P. 2002: Extracellular NAD+: A novel autocrine/paracrine signal in osteoblast physiology. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 299(3): 424-431
Otake, K.; Ohta, M.; Minowada, J.; Hatama, S.; Takahashi, E.; Ikemoto, A.; Okuyama, H.; Fujii, Y. 2000: Extracellular Nef of HIV-1 can target CD4 memory T population. Aids 14(11): 1662-1664
Tobiume, M.; Fujinaga, K.; Suzuki, S.; Komoto, S.; Mukai, T.; Ikuta, K. 2002: Extracellular Nef protein activates signal transduction pathway from Ras to mitogen-activated protein kinase cascades that leads to activation of human immunodeficiency virus from latency. Aids Research and Human Retroviruses 18(6): 461-467
Belot, N.; Pochet, R.; Heizmann, C.W.; Kiss, R.; Decaestecker, C. 2002: Extracellular S100A4 stimulates the migration rate of astrocytic tumor cells by modifying the organization of their actin cytoskeleton. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1600(1-2): 74-83
Gonçalves, D.S.; Lenz, G.; Karl, J.; Gonçalves, C.A.; Rodnight, R. 2000: Extracellular S100B protein modulates ERK in astrocyte cultures. Neuroreport 11(4): 807-809
Gibellini, D.; Re, M.C.; Ponti, C.; Celeghini, C.; Melloni, E.; La Placa, M.; Zauli, G. 2001: Extracellular Tat activates c-fos promoter in low serum-starved CD4+ T cells. British Journal of Haematology 112(3): 663-670
D.B.ets, S.; Vandamme, E.J. 2001: Extracellular Tremella polysaccharides: Structure, properties and applications. Biotechnology Letters 23(17): 1361-1366
Clarke, L.L.; Harline, M.C.; Gawenis, L.R.; Walker, N.M.; Turner, J.T.; Weisman, G.A. 2000: Extracellular UTP stimulates electrogenic bicarbonate secretion across CFTR knockout gallbladder epithelium. American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology 279(1): G132-G138
Edvardsen, L.; Taaning, E.; Dreier, B.; Christensen, L.D.; Mynster, T.; Nielsen, H.J. 2001: Extracellular accumulation of bioactive substances during preparation and storage of various platelet concentrates. American Journal of Hematology 67(3): 157-162
McNaught, K.S.; Jenner, P. 2000: Extracellular accumulation of nitric oxide, hydrogen peroxide, and glutamate in astrocytic cultures following glutathione depletion, complex I inhibition, and/or lipopolysaccharide-induced activation. Biochemical Pharmacology 60(7): 979-988
Höger, U.; French, A.S. 2002: Extracellular acid increases the open probability of transduction channels in spider mechanoreceptors. European Journal of Neuroscience 16(12): 2311-2316
Kurata, S.; Yamada, K.; Takatsu, K.; Hanada, S.; Koyama, O.; Yokomaku, T.; Kamagata, Y.; Kanagawa, T.; Kurane, R. 2003: Extracellular acidic polysaccharide production by a two-membered bacterial coculture. Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry 67(1): 8-14
Faff, L.; Nolte, C. 2000: Extracellular acidification decreases the basal motility of cultured mouse microglia via the rearrangement of the actin cytoskeleton. Brain Research 853(1): 22-31
Luckie, D.B.; Wilterding, J.H.; Maleszewski, J.J.; Hobbs, E.C.; Olson, L.K. 2002: Extracellular acidification parallels insulin secretion in INS-1 and HIT-T15 beta-cell lines. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 293(4): 1168-1173
Singarayar, S.; Bursill, J.; Wyse, K.; Bauskin, A.; Wu, W.; Vandenberg, J.; Breit, S.; Campbell, T. 2003: Extracellular acidosis modulates drug block of Kv4.3 currents by flecainide and quinidine. Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology 14(6): 641-650
Rohra, D.Kumar.; Saito, S-ya.; Ohizumi, Y. 2003: Extracellular acidosis results in higher intracellular acidosis and greater contraction in spontaneously hypertensive rat aorta. European Journal of Pharmacology 465(1-2): 141-144
Janssen, U.; Eitner, F.; Kunter, U.; Ostendorf, T.; Wolf, G.; Chaponnier, C.; Gabbiani, G.; Kerjaschki, D.; Floege, J.ür. 2003: Extracellular actin impairs glomerular capillary repair in experimental mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis. NEPHRON. Experimental Nephrology 93(4): E158-E167
Duhant, X.; Schandené, L.; Bruyns, C.; Gonzalez, N.S.; Goldman, M.; Boeynaems, J.-M.; Communi, D. 2002: Extracellular adenine nucleotides inhibit the activation of human CD4+ T lymphocytes. Journal of Immunology 169(1): 15-21
Wink, Márcia.R.; Braganhol, E.; Tamajusuku, A.S.K.; Casali, E.A.; Karl, J.; Barreto-Chaves, M.L.; Sarkis, Jão.J.F.; Battastini, A.M.O. 2003: Extracellular adenine nucleotides metabolism in astrocyte cultures from different brain regions. Neurochemistry International 43(7): 621-628
Wilkin, F.ço.; Stordeur, P.; Goldman, M.; Boeynaems, J.-M.; Robaye, B. 2002: Extracellular adenine nucleotides modulate cytokine production by human monocyte-derived dendritic cells: dual effect on IL-12 and stimulation of IL-10. European Journal of Immunology 32(9): 2409-2417
Bagorda, A.; Guerra, L.; Di Sole, F.; Helmle-Kolb, C.; Favia, M.; Jacobson, K.A.; Casavola, V.; Reshkin, S.J. 2002: Extracellular adenine nucleotides regulate Na+/H+ exchanger NHE3 activity in A6-NHE3 transfectants by a cAMP/PKA-dependent mechanism. Journal of Membrane Biology 188(3): 249-259
Takeda, T.; Murata, A.; Shimazaki, S. 2000: Extracellular adenosine 5'-triphosphate decreases the permeability of an endothelial cell monolayer through protein kinase C. Acta Histochemica et Cytochemica 33(2): 103-107
Sluyter, R.; Wiley, J.S. 2002: Extracellular adenosine 5'-triphosphate induces a loss of CD23 from human dendritic cells via activation of P2X7 receptors. International Immunology 14(12): 1415-1421
Fujii, S.; Kato, H.; Kuroda, Y. 1999: Extracellular adenosine 5'-triphosphate plus activation of glutamatergic receptors induces long-term potentiation in CA1 neurons of guinea pig hippocampal slices. Neuroscience Letters 276(1): 21-24
Lelièvre, V.; Caigneaux, E.; Muller, J.M.; Falcón, J. 2000: Extracellular adenosine deprivation induces epithelial differentiation of HT29 cells: evidence for a concomitant adenosine A(1)/A(2) receptor balance regulation. European Journal of Pharmacology 391(1-2): 21-29
Harii, N.; Endo, T.; Ohmori, M.; Onaya, T. 1999: Extracellular adenosine increases Na+/I- symporter gene expression in rat thyroid FRTL-5 cells. Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology 157(1-2): 31-39
Peyot, M.L.; Gadeau, A.P.; Dandré, F.; Belloc, I.; Dupuch, F.; Desgranges, C. 2000: Extracellular adenosine induces apoptosis of human arterial smooth muscle cells via A(2b)-purinoceptor. Circulation Research 86(1): 76-85
Skladchikova, G.; Ronn, L.C.; Berezin, V.; Bock, E. 1999: Extracellular adenosine triphosphate affects neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM)-mediated cell adhesion and neurite outgrowth. Journal of Neuroscience Research 57(2): 207-218
Zhang, B.X.; Desnoyer, R.W..; Bond, M. 2001: Extracellular Adenosine Triphosphate Triggers Arrhythmias and Elemental Redistribution in Electrically Stimulated Rat Cardiac Myocytes. Microscopy and Microanalysis: the Official Journal of Microscopy Society of America Microbeam Analysis Society Microscopical Society of Canada 7(1): 48-55
Schrier, S.M.; van Tilburg, E.W.; van der Meulen, H.; Ijzerman, A.P.; Mulder, G.J.; Nagelkerke, J.F. 2001: Extracellular adenosine-induced apoptosis in mouse neuroblastoma cells: Studies on involvement of adenosine receptors and adenosine uptake. Biochemical Pharmacology 61(4): 417-425
Haggar, A.; Hussain, M.; Lönnies, H.; Herrmann, M.; Norrby-Teglund, A.; Flock, J.-I. 2003: Extracellular adherence protein from Staphylococcus aureus enhances internalization into eukaryotic cells. Infection and Immunity 71(5): 2310-2317
Ronne Engström, E.; Hillered, L.; Flink, R.; Kihlström, L.; Lindquist, C.; Nie, J.X.; Olsson, Y.; Silander, H.C. 2001: Extracellular amino acid levels measured with intracerebral microdialysis in the model of posttraumatic epilepsy induced by intracortical iron injection. Epilepsy Research 43(2): 135-144
Choi, Y.H.; Fletcher, P.J.; Anderson, G.H. 2001: Extracellular amino acid profiles in the paraventricular nucleus of the rat hypothalamus are influenced by diet composition. Brain Research 892(2): 320-328
Kennergren, C.; Mantovani, V.; Lönnroth, P.; Nyström, B.; Berglin, E.; Hamberger, A. 1999: Extracellular amino acids as markers of myocardial ischemia during cardioplegic heart arrest. Cardiology 91(1): 31-40
Guerrero-Esteo, M.; Sanchez-Elsner, T.; Letamendia, A.; Bernabeu, C. 2002: Extracellular and cytoplasmic domains of endoglin interact with the transforming growth factor-beta receptors I and II. Journal of Biological Chemistry 277(32): 29197-29209
Kang, S.K.; Jung, Y.J.; Kim, C.H.; Song, C.Y. 1998: Extracellular and cytosolic iron superoxide dismutase from Mycobacterium bovis BCG. Clinical and Diagnostic Laboratory Immunology 5(6): 784-789
Rink, L.; Gabriel, P. 2001: Extracellular and immunological actions of zinc. Biometals 14(3-4): 367-383
Hyvönen, Z.; Ruponen, M.; Rönkkö, S.; Suhonen, P.; Urtti, A. 2002: Extracellular and intracellular factors influencing gene transfection mediated by 1,4-dihydropyridine amphiphiles. European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences: Official Journal of the European Federation for Pharmaceutical Sciences 15(5): 449-460
Kim, D.; Joe, C.O.; Han, P.-L. 2003: Extracellular and intracellular glutathione protects astrocytes from Zn2+-induced cell death. Neuroreport 14(2): 187-190
Nielsen, S.L.; Black, F.T. 1999: Extracellular and intracellular killing in neutrophil granulocytes of Staphylococcus aureus with rifampicin in combination with dicloxacillin or fusidic acid. Journal of Antimicrobial ChemoTherapy 43(3): 407-410
Beckner, M.E.; Jagannathan, S.; Peterson, V.A. 2002: Extracellular angio-associated migratory cell protein plays a positive role in angiogenesis and is regulated by astrocytes in coculture. Microvascular Research 63(3): 259-269
Strindelius, L.; Degling Wikingsson, L.; Sjöholm, I. 2002: Extracellular antigens from Salmonella enteritidis induce effective immune response in mice after oral vaccination. Infection and Immunity 70(3): 1434-1442
Duong, T.Q.; Sehy, J.V.; Yablonskiy, D.A.; Snider, B.J.; Ackerman, J.J.; Neil, J.J. 2001: Extracellular apparent diffusion in rat brain. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine 45(5): 801-810
Goldstein, J.M.; Nelson, D.; Kordula, T.; Mayo, J.A.; Travis, J. 2002: Extracellular arginine aminopeptidase from Streptococcus gordonii FSS2. Infection and Immunity 70(2): 836-843
Ichinose, M.; Liu, X.-H.; Hagihara, N.; Youle, R.J. 2002: Extracellular Bad fused to toxin transport domains induces apoptosis. Cancer Research 62(5): 1433-1438
Venturi, L.Lórice.; Polizeli, M.de.Lourdes.; Terenzi, Héctor.Francisco.; Furriel, R.dos.Prazeres.Melo.; Jorge, Jão.Atílio. 2002: Extracellular beta-D-glucosidase from Chaetomium thermophilum var. coprophilum: production, purification and some biochemical properties. Journal of Basic Microbiology 42(1): 55-66
Ray, R.R.; Chakraverty, R. 1998: Extracellular beta-amylase from Syncephalastrum racemosum. Mycological Research 102(12): 1563-1567
Dietz, K.J.; Sauter, A.; Wichert, K.; Messdaghi, D.; Hartung, W. 2000: Extracellular beta-glucosidase activity in barley involved in the hydrolysis of ABA glucose conjugate in leaves. Journal of experimental botany 51(346): 937-944
Chakrabarty, S.; Radjendirane, V.; Appelman, H.; Varani, J. 2003: Extracellular calcium and calcium sensing receptor function in human colon carcinomas: promotion of E-cadherin expression and suppression of beta-catenin/TCF activation. Cancer Research 63(1): 67-71
Wittnich, C.; Wallen, W.J.; Belanger, M.P.; Ikonomidis, J.S. 1999: Extracellular calcium concentration affects susceptibility to global ischemic injury in newborn but not adult hearts. Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation: the Official Publication of the International Society for Heart Transplantation 18(7): 675-683
Tabata, T.; Aiba, A.; Kano, M. 2002: Extracellular calcium controls the dynamic range of neuronal metabotropic glutamate receptor responses. Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences 20(1): 56-68
King, R.D.; Wiest, M.C.; Montague, P.R. 2001: Extracellular calcium depletion as a mechanism of short-term synaptic depression. Journal of Neurophysiology 85(5): 1952-1959
Olszak, I.T.; Poznansky, M.C.; Evans, R.H.; Olson, D.; Kos, C.; Pollak, M.R.; Brown, E.M.; Scadden, D.T.; O'Malley, B.W. 2000: Extracellular calcium elicits a chemokinetic response from monocytes in vitro and in vivo. Journal of Clinical Investigation 105(9): 1299-1305
Massimini, M.; Amzica, F. 2001: Extracellular calcium fluctuations and intracellular potentials in the cortex during the slow sleep oscillation. Journal of Neurophysiology 85(3): 1346-1350
Choudhary, S.; Wadhwa, S.; Raisz, L.G.; Alander, C.; Pilbeam, C.C. 2003: Extracellular calcium is a potent inducer of cyclo-oxygenase-2 in murine osteoblasts through an ERK signaling pathway. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research 18(10): 1813-1824
Mundy, W.R.; Shafer, T.J.; Tilson, H.A.; Kodavanti, P.R. 1999: Extracellular calcium is required for the polychlorinated biphenyl-induced increase of intracellular free calcium levels in cerebellar granule cell culture. Toxicology 136(1): 27-39
Dièye, A.Moctar.; Gairard, A. 2003: Extracellular calcium level is crucial for aortic contractile response in pregnant rat. Fundamental and Clinical Pharmacology 17(4): 429-432
Supinski, G.; Nethery, D.; Stofan, D.; DiMarco, A. 1999: Extracellular calcium modulates generation of reactive oxygen species by the contracting diaphragm. Journal of Applied Physiology 87(6): 2177-2185
Su, H.; Alroy, G.; Kirson, E.D.; Yaari, Y. 2001: Extracellular calcium modulates persistent sodium current-dependent burst-firing in hippocampal pyramidal neurons. Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 21(12): 4173-4182
David, J.S.; Vivien, B.; Lecarpentier, Y.; Coriat, P.; Riou, B. 2001: Extracellular calcium modulates the effects of protamine on rat myocardium. Anesthesia and Analgesia 92(4): 817-823
Crawford, J.R.; Jacobson, B.S. 1998: Extracellular calcium regulates Hela cell morphology during adhesion to gelatin: role of translocation and phosphorylation of cytosolic phospholipase A2. Molecular Biology of the Cell 9(12): 3429-3443
Rácz, G.Z.; Kittel, A.; Riccardi, D.; Case, R.M.; Elliott, A.C.; Varga, G. 2002: Extracellular calcium sensing receptor in human pancreatic cells. Gut 51(5): 705-711
Huang, J.S.; Mukherjee, J.J.; Chung, T.; Crilly, K.S.; Kiss, Z. 1999: Extracellular calcium stimulates DNA synthesis in synergism with zinc, insulin and insulin-like growth factor I in fibroblasts. European Journal of Biochemistry 266(3): 943-951
Sanders, J.L.; Chattopadhyay, N.; Kifor, O.; Yamaguchi, T.; Brown, E.M. 2000: Extracellular calcium-sensing receptor (CaR) expression and its potential role in parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP) secretion in the H-500 rat Leydig cell model of humoral hypercalcemia of malignancy. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 269(2): 427-432
Sanders, J.L.; Chattopadhyay, N.; Kifor, O.; Yamaguchi, T.; Butters, R.R.; Brown, E.M. 2000: Extracellular calcium-sensing receptor expression and its potential role in regulating parathyroid hormone-related peptide secretion in human breast cancer cell lines. Endocrinology 141(12): 4357-4364
Chattopadhyay, N.; Ye, C.P.; Yamaguchi, T.; Kerner, R.; Vassilev, P.M.; Brown, E.M. 1999: Extracellular calcium-sensing receptor induces cellular proliferation and activation of a nonselective cation channel in U373 human astrocytoma cells. Brain Research 851(1-2): 116-124
Canaff, L.; Petit, J.L.; Kisiel, M.; Watson, P.H.; Gascon-Barré, M.; Hendy, G.N. 2001: Extracellular calcium-sensing receptor is expressed in rat hepatocytes. coupling to intracellular calcium mobilization and stimulation of bile flow. Journal of Biological Chemistry 276(6): 4070-4079
Hauache, O.M. 2001: Extracellular calcium-sensing receptor: structural and functional features and association with diseases. Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research 34(5): 577-584
Ye, C.P.; Yamaguchi, T.; Chattopadhyay, N.; Sanders, J.L.; Vassilev, P.M.; Brown, E.M.; O'Malley, B.W. 2000: Extracellular calcium-sensing-receptor (CaR)-mediated opening of an outward K(+) channel in murine MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic cells: evidence for expression of a functional CaR. Bone 27(1): 21-27
Sun, D.; Tang, W.; Ma, L. 2001: Extracellular calmodulin: a polypeptide signal in plants?. Science in China. Series C Life Sciences 44(5): 449-460
Lombardi, A.-Teresa; Vieira, A., A.H.; Sartori, A.L. 1998: Extracellular carbohydrate productin by Micrasterias furcata (Desmidiaceae) grown in various nitrate concentrations. Hoehnea 25(1): 1-9
Wetzel, P.; Hasse, A.; Papadopoulos, S.; Voipio, J.; Kaila, K.; Gros, G. 2001: Extracellular carbonic anhydrase activity facilitates lactic acid transport in rat skeletal muscle fibres. Journal of Physiology 531(Pt 3): 743-756
Nimer; Brownlee; Merrett 1999: Extracellular carbonic anhydrase facilitates carbon dioxide availability for photosynthesis in the marine dinoflagellate prorocentrum micans. Plant Physiology 120(1): 105-112
Hossain, F.M.M.; Rahman, M.M.; Choudhury, N.; Malek, M.A. 1998: Extracellular carboxymethyl cellulase and cellobiase of some aerobic bacterial isolates. Bangladesh Journal of Microbiology 15(2): 17-26
Mikhailova, R.V.; Osoka, O.M.; Lobanok, A.G. 2001: Extracellular catalase synthesis by Penicillium fungi. Mikologiya i Fitopatologiya 35(3): 43-46
Pointing, S.B.; Buswell, J.A.; Gareth Jones, E.B.; Vrijmoed, L.L.P. 1999: Extracellular cellulolytic enzyme profiles of five lignicolous mangrove fungi. Mycological Research 103(6): 696-700
Duzhak, A.B.; Panfilova, Z.I.; Vasiunina, E.A. 2002: Extracellular chitinase production by wild-type B-10 and mutant M-1 strains of Serratia marcescens. Prikladnaia Biokhimiia i Mikrobiologiia 38(3): 248-256
Hochman, D.W.; D'Ambrosio, R.; Janigro, D.; Schwartzkroin, P.A. 1999: Extracellular chloride and the maintenance of spontaneous epileptiform activity in rat hippocampal slices. Journal of Neurophysiology 81(1): 49-59
Lucas, G.A.; Hoffmann, O.; Alster, P.; Wiesenfeld-Hallin, Z. 1999: Extracellular cholecystokinin levels in the rat spinal cord following chronic morphine exposure: An in vivo microdialysis study. Brain Research 821(1): 79-86
Hirako, Y.; Yoshino, K.; Zillikens, D.; Owaribe, K. 2003: Extracellular cleavage of bullous pemphigoid antigen 180/type XVII collagen and its involvement in hemidesmosomal disassembly. Journal of Biochemistry 133(2): 197-206
Ding Qin; Gong Guozhong; Zheng Xuanhe 2001: Extracellular cleavage of viral RNA by hepatitis C virus core gene RNA specific hammerhead ribozyme. Zhonghua Weishengwuxue He Mianyixue Zazhi 21(3): 318-320
Schraermeyer, U.; Polyanovsky, A.; Pivovarova, N.; Zierold, K.; Stieve, H.; Gribakin, F. 1999: Extracellular compartments of the blowfly eye: ionic content and topology. Visual Neuroscience 16(3): 461-474
Gören, M.Zafer.; Aker, R.; Yananli, H.Raci.; Onat, F.Yilmaz. 2003: Extracellular concentrations of catecholamines and amino acids in the dorsomedial hypothalamus of kindled rats. A microdialysis study. Pharmacology 68(4): 190-197
Albrecht, J.; Hilgier, W.; Zielińska, M.; Januszewski, S.; Hesselink, M.; Quack, G. 2000: Extracellular concentrations of taurine, glutamate, and aspartate in the cerebral cortex of rats at the asymptomatic stage of thioacetamide-induced hepatic failure: Modulation by ketamine anesthesia. Neurochemical Research 25(11): 1497-1502
Niemeyer, M.Isabel.; Cid, L.Pablo.; Valenzuela, X.; Paeile, Vónica.; Sepúlveda, F.V. 2003: Extracellular conserved cysteine forms an intersubunit disulphide bridge in the KCNK5 (TASK-2) K+ channel without having an essential effect upon activity. Molecular Membrane Biology 20(2): 185-191
Frizzo, M.Emílio.dos.Santos.; Antunes Soares, Félix.Alexandre.; Dall'Onder, L.Patrícia.; Lara, D.Rizzato.; Swanson, R.A.; Souza, D.Onofre. 2003: Extracellular conversion of guanine-based purines to guanosine specifically enhances astrocyte glutamate uptake. Brain Research 972(1-2): 84-89
Marino, A.A.; Kolomytkin, O.V.; Frilot, C. 2003: Extracellular currents alter gap junction intercellular communication in synovial fibroblasts. Bioelectromagnetics 24(3): 199-205
Podestà, M.; Zocchi, E.; Pitto, A.; Usai, C.; Franco, L.; Bruzzone, S.; Guida, L.; Bacigalupo, A.; Scadden, D.T.; Walseth, T.F.; De Flora, A.; Daga, A. 2000: Extracellular cyclic ADP-ribose increases intracellular free calcium concentration and stimulates proliferation of human hemopoietic progenitors. Faseb Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology 14(5): 680-690
Lukomski, S.; Montgomery, C.A.; Rurangirwa, J.; Geske, R.S.; Barrish, J.P.; Adams, G.J.; Musser, J.M. 1999: Extracellular cysteine protease produced by Streptococcus pyogenes participates in the pathogenesis of invasive skin infection and dissemination in mice. Infection and Immunity 67(4): 1779-1788
Firla, B.; Arndt, M.; Frank, K.; Thiel, U.; Ansorge, S.; Täger, M.; Lendeckel, U. 2002: Extracellular cysteines define ectopeptidase (APN, CD13) expression and function. Free Radical Biology and Medicine 32(7): 584-595
Blanpain, C.; Lee, B.; Vakili, J.; Doranz, B.J.; Govaerts, C.; Migeotte, I.; Sharron, M.; Dupriez, V.; Vassart, G.; Doms, R.W.; Parmentier, M. 1999: Extracellular cysteines of CCR5 are required for chemokine binding, but dispensable for HIV-1 coreceptor activity. Journal of Biological Chemistry 274(27): 18902-18908
Quinteros, R.; Goodwin, S.; Lenz, R.W.; Park, W.H. 1999: Extracellular degradation of medium chain length poly(beta-hydroxyalkanoates) by Comamonas sp. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules 25(1-3): 135-143
Wurster, M.; Mundt, S.; Hammer, E.; Schauer, F.; Lindequist, U. 2003: Extracellular degradation of phenol by the cyanobacterium Synechococcus PCC 7002. Journal of Applied Phycology 15(2-3): 171-176
Buitenweg, J.R.; Rutten, W.L.C.; Marani, E.; Polman, S.K.L.; Ursum, J. 2002: Extracellular detection of active membrane currents in the neuron-electrode interface. Journal of Neuroscience Methods 115(2): 211-221
Simon, C.A.; McQuaid, C. 1999: Extracellular digestion in two co-occurring intertidal mussels (Perna perna (L.) and Choromytilus meridionalis (Kr)) and the role of enteric bacteria in their digestive ecology. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 15 February; 2341: 59-81
Spach, M.S.; Heidlage, J.F.; Dolber, P.C.; Barr, R.C. 1998: Extracellular discontinuities in cardiac muscle: evidence for capillary effects on the action potential foot. Circulation Research 83(11): 1144-1164
Gao-Ya-Hui; Gao-Yang; Jing-Hong-Mei; Jiao-Nian-Zhi 2002: Extracellular dissolved organic carbon of a marine nanoplanktonic diatom Chaetoceros sp.: Influence of daily rhythm, light and temperature. Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology 20(Special Issue): 81-92
Tian, X.Y.; Sha, Y.S.; Zhang, S.M.; Chen, Y.B.; Miao, S.Y.; Wang, L.F.; Koide, S.S. 2001: Extracellular domain of YWK-II, a human sperm transmembrane protein, interacts with rat Müllerian-inhibiting substance. Reproduction 121(6): 873-880
Zhang, Z.; Zhang, Z.; Zeng, G.; Zhang, L.; Xu, C.; Guo, Y. 2002: Extracellular domain of kinase domain region mediated by adeno-associated virus inhibits growth and angiogenesis of bladder cancer in Balb-c mice. Chinese Medical Journal 115(8): 1209-1212
Ngu-Schwemlein, M.; Corzett, M.; Thornton, K.H.; Balhorn, R.; Cosman, M. 2003: Extracellular domain of myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) exhibits solvent-dependent conformational transitions. Protein and Peptide Letters 10(5): 483-490
Zhu, H.J.; Sizeland, A.M. 1999: Extracellular domain of the transforming growth factor-beta receptor negatively regulates ligand-independent receptor activation. Journal of Biological Chemistry 274(41): 29220-29227
Ferguson, K.M.; Darling, P.J.; Mohan, M.J.; Macatee, T.L.; Lemmon, M.A. 2000: Extracellular domains drive homo- but not hetero-dimerization of erbB receptors. EMBO Journal 19(17): 4632-4643
Ulfers, A.L.; Piserchio, A.; Mierke, D.F. 2002: Extracellular domains of the neurokinin-1 receptor: structural characterization and interactions with substance P. Biopolymers 66(5): 339-349
Yan, Q.S. 1999: Extracellular dopamine and serotonin after ethanol monitored with 5-minute microdialysis. Alcohol 19(1): 1-7
Kilpatrick, M.R.; Rooney, M.B.; Michael, D.J.; Wightman, R.M. 2000: Extracellular dopamine dynamics in rat caudate-putamen during experimenter-delivered and intracranial self-stimulation. Neuroscience 96(4): 697-706
Beaufour, C.C.; Le Bihan, C.; Hamon, M.; Thiébot, M. 2001: Extracellular dopamine in the rat prefrontal cortex during reward-, punishment- and novelty-associated behaviour. Effects of diazepam. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior 69(1-2): 133-142
Lunin, V.Y.; Blagova, E.V.; Levdikov, V.M.; Lunin, V.V.; Shlyapnikov, S.V.; Perbandt, M.; Raishankar, K.S.; Betzel, H.; Mikhailov, A.M. 1999: Extracellular endonuclease of Serratia marcescens: 1. Three-dimensional structure of crystalline protein at 1.7 ANG resolution. Molekulyarnaya Biologiya 33(2): 214-222
Shlyapnikov, S.V.; Blagova, E.V.; Levdikov, V.M.; Lunin, V.Y.; Lunin, V.V.; Mikhailov, A.M.; Betzel, C.; Rajashankar, K.R.; Perbandt, M. 1999: Extracellular endonuclease of Serratia marcescens: II. Active site amino acid residues and a hypothetical mechanism of enzyme functioning. Molekulyarnaya Biologiya 33(3): 454-461
Romani, A.M.; Marxsen, J. 2002: Extracellular enzymatic activities in epilithic biofilms of the Breitenbach: Microhabitat differences. Archiv fur Hydrobiologie 155(4): 541-555
Keith, S.C.; Arnosti, C. 2001: Extracellular enzyme activity in a river-bay-shelf transect: Variations in polysaccharide hydrolysis rates with substrate and size class. Aquatic Microbial Ecology 24(3): 243-253
Chipeva, V.; Christova, K.; Chipev, N.; Moncheva, P. 1996: Extracellular enzyme activity of Streptomyces strains isolated from soils on the Livingston Island, Antarctic. Bulgarian Antarctic Research Life Sciences 1: 24-30
Abdel Raheem, A.; Shearer, C.A. 2002: Extracellular enzyme production by freshwater ascomycetes. Fungal Diversity 11: 1-19
Ancellin, N.; Colmont, C.; Su, J.; Li, Q.; Mittereder, N.; Chae, S.-S.; Stefansson, S.; Liau, G.; Hla, T. 2002: Extracellular export of sphingosine kinase-1 enzyme. Sphingosine 1-phosphate generation and the induction of angiogenic vascular maturation. Journal of Biological Chemistry 277(8): 6667-6675
Tong, L.; Lin, Q.; Wong, W.K.; Ali, A.; Lim, D.; Sung, W.L.; Hew, C.L.; Yang, D.S. 2000: Extracellular expression, purification, and characterization of a winter flounder antifreeze polypeptide from Escherichia coli. Protein Expression and Purification 18(2): 175-181
Nikolaev, I.A.; Prosser, J.I. 2000: Extracellular factors affecting the adhesion of Pseudomonas fluorescens cells to glass surface. Mikrobiologiia 69(2): 231-236
Nikolaev, Y.A.; Prosser, J.I.; Panikov, N.S. 2000: Extracellular factors responsible for the adaptation of Pseudomonas fluorescens batch cultures to unfavorable conditions. Mikrobiologiya 69(5): 629-635
Sobeih, M.M.; Corfas, G. 2002: Extracellular factors that regulate neuronal migration in the central nervous system. International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the International Society for Developmental Neuroscience 20(3-5): 349-357
Cermelli, S.; Zerega, B.; Carlevaro, M.; Gentili, C.; Thorp, B.; Farquharson, C.; Cancedda, R.; Cancedda, F.D. 2000: Extracellular fatty acid binding protein (Ex-FABP) modulation by inflammatory agents: "physiological" acute phase response in endochondral bone formation. European Journal of Cell Biology 79(3): 155-164
Palma, M.; Shannon, O.; Quezada, H.C.; Berg, A.; Flock, J.I. 2001: Extracellular fibrinogen-binding protein, Efb, from Staphylococcus aureus blocks platelet aggregation due to its binding to the alpha-chain. Journal of Biological Chemistry 276(34): 31691-31697
Holliday, M.A. 1999: Extracellular fluid and its proteins: dehydration, shock, and recovery. Pediatric Nephrology 13(9): 989-995
Holliday, M.A.; Friedman, A.L.; Wassner, S.J. 1999: Extracellular fluid restoration in dehydration: a critique of rapid versus slow. Pediatric Nephrology 13(4): 292-297
Lynge, J.; Juel, C.; Hellsten, Y. 2001: Extracellular formation and uptake of adenosine during skeletal muscle contraction in the rat: Role of adenosine transporters. Journal of Physiology 537(Pt 2): 597-605
Noparatnaraporn, N.; Watanabe, M.; Sasaki, K. 2000: Extracellular formation of 5-aminolevulinic acid by intact cells of the marine photosynthetic bacterium Rhodovulum sp. under various pH conditions. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 16(3): 313-315
D'Souza, V.M.; Buckley, D.J.; Buckley, A.R.; Pauletti, G.M. 2003: Extracellular glucose concentration alters functional activity of the intestinal oligopeptide transporter (PepT-1) in Caco-2 cells. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 92(3): 594-603
McNay, E.C.; Gold, P.E. 1999: Extracellular glucose concentrations in the rat hippocampus measured by zero-net-flux: effects of microdialysis flow rate, strain, and age. Journal of Neurochemistry 72(2): 785-790
De Vries, M.G.; Arseneau, L.M.; Lawson, M.E.; Beverly, J.L. 2003: Extracellular glucose in rat ventromedial hypothalamus during acute and recurrent hypoglycemia. Diabetes 52(11): 2767-2773
Zayzafoon, M.; Stell, C.; Irwin, R.; Mccabe, L.R. 2000: Extracellular glucose influences osteoblast differentiation and c-jun expression. Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 79(2): 301-310
Sugahara, M.; Asai, S.; Zhao, H.; Nagata, T.; Kunimatsu, T.; Ishii, Y.; Kohno, T.; Ishikawa, K. 2001: Extracellular glutamate changes in rat striatum during ischemia determined by a novel dialysis electrode and conventional microdialysis. Neurochemistry International 39(1): 65-73
Kullmann, D.M.; Min, M.Y.; Asztely, F.; Rusakov, D.A. 1999: Extracellular glutamate diffusion determines the occupancy of glutamate receptors at CA1 synapses in the hippocampus. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B Biological Sciences 354(1381): 395-402
Tolias, C.M.; Richards, D.A.; Bowery, N.G.; Sgouros, S. 2002: Extracellular glutamate in the brains of children with severe head injuries: a pilot microdialysis study. Child's Nervous System: Chns: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery 18(8): 368-374
Walwyn, W.M.; Ta-Haung, J.; Ackerson, L.; Maidment, N.T.; Edgerton, V.R. 1999: Extracellular glutamate in the dorsal horn of the lumbar spinal cord in the freely moving rat during hindlimb stepping. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior 63(4): 581-588
Loeliger, M.; Watson, C.S.; Reynolds, J.D.; Penning, D.H.; Harding, R.; Bocking, A.D.; Rees, S.M. 2003: Extracellular glutamate levels and neuropathology in cerebral white matter following repeated umbilical cord occlusion in the near term fetal sheep. Neuroscience 116(3): 705-714
Silva, E.; Quiñones, B.; Freund, N.; Gonzalez, L.E.; Hernandez, L. 2001: Extracellular glutamate, aspartate and arginine increase in the ventral posterolateral thalamic nucleus during nociceptive stimulation. Brain Research 923(1-2): 45-49
Richards, D.A.; Tolias, C.M.; Sgouros, S.; Bowery, N.G. 2003: Extracellular glutamine to glutamate ratio may predict outcome in the injured brain: A clinical microdialysis study in children. Pharmacological Research 48(1): 101-109
Whitin, J.C.; Bhamre, S.; Tham, D.M.; Cohen, H.J. 2002: Extracellular glutathione peroxidase is secreted basolaterally by human renal proximal tubule cells. American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology 283(1): F20-F28
Ruponen, M.; Rönkkö, S.; Honkakoski, P.; Pelkonen, J.; Tammi, M.; Urtti, A. 2001: Extracellular glycosaminoglycans modify cellular trafficking of lipoplexes and polyplexes. Journal of Biological Chemistry 276(36): 33875-33880
Spaeny-Dekking, E.H.; Kamp, A.M.; Froelich, C.J.; Hack, C.E. 2000: Extracellular granzyme A, complexed to proteoglycans, is protected against inactivation by protease inhibitors. Blood 95(4): 1465-1472
McNulty, T.J.; Taylor, C.W. 1999: Extracellular heavy-metal ions stimulate Ca2+ mobilization in hepatocytes. Biochemical Journal 339: 555-561
Mason, M.G.; Ball, A.S.; Reeder, B.J.; Silkstone, G.; Nicholls, P.; Wilson, M.T. 2001: Extracellular heme peroxidases in actinomycetes: a case of mistaken identity. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 67(10): 4512-4519
Strecker, R.E.; Nalwalk, J.; Dauphin, L.J.; Thakkar, M.M.; Chen, Y.; Ramesh, V.; Hough, L.B.; Mccarley, R.W. 2002: Extracellular histamine levels in the feline preoptic/anterior hypothalamic area during natural sleep-wakefulness and prolonged wakefulness: An in vivo microdialysis study. Neuroscience 113(3): 663-670
Aono, H.; Fujisawa, K.; Hasunuma, T.; Marriott, S.J.; Nishioka, K. 1998: Extracellular human T cell leukemia virus type I tax protein stimulates the proliferation of human synovial cells. Arthritis and Rheumatism 41(11): 1995-2003
Bidochka, M.J.; Burke, S.; Ng, L. 1999: Extracellular hydrolytic enzymes in the fungal genus Verticillium: Adaptations for pathogenesis. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 45(10): 856-864
De Fanti, B.A.; Gavel, D.A.; Hamilton, J.S.; Horwitz, B.A. 2000: Extracellular hypothalamic serotonin levels after dorsal raphe nuclei stimulation of lean (Fa/Fa) and obese (fa/fa) Zucker rats. Brain Research 869(1-2): 6-14
Zasypkin, D.V.; Lee, T.C.ing 1999: Extracellular ice nucleators from Pantoea ananas: Effects on freezing of model foods. Journal of Food Science 64(3): 473-478
Vartivarian, S.E.; Cowart, R.E. 1999: Extracellular iron reductases: identification of a new class of enzymes by siderophore-producing microorganisms. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 364(1): 75-82
Saparrat, M.; Cabello, M.; Arambarri, A. 2002: Extracellular laccase activity in Tetraploa aristata. Biotechnology letters 24(16): 1375-1377
Husum, H.; Gruber, S.H.M.; Bolwig, T.G.; Mathé, A.A. 2002: Extracellular levels of NPY in the dorsal hippocampus of freely moving rats are markedly elevated following a single electroconvulsive stimulation, irrespective of anticonvulsive Y1 receptor blockade. Neuropeptides 36(5): 363-369
Hylland, P.; Nilsson, G.E. 1999: Extracellular levels of amino acid neurotransmitters during anoxia and forced energy deficiency in crucian carp brain. Brain Research 823(1-2): 49-58
Tuomainen, Päivi.; Patsenka, A.; Hyytiä, P.; Grinevich, V.; Kiianmaa, K. 2003: Extracellular levels of dopamine in the nucleus accumbens in AA and ANA rats after reverse microdialysis of ethanol into the nucleus accumbens or ventral tegmental area. Alcohol 29(2): 117-124
Langemann, H.; Alessandri, B.; Mendelowitsch, A.; Feuerstein, T.; Landolt, H.; Gratzl, O. 2001: Extracellular levels of glucose and lactate measured by quantitative microdialysis in the human brain. Neurological Research 23(5): 531-536
Rivela, I.; Rodriguez Couto, S.; Sanroman, A. 2000: Extracellular ligninolytic enzyme production by Phanerochaete chrysosporium in a new solid-state bioreactor. Biotechnology Letters 22(18): 1443-1447
Repunte, V.P.; Nakamura, H.; Fujita, A.; Horio, Y.; Findlay, I.; Pott, L.; Kurachi, Y. 1999: Extracellular links in Kir subunits control the unitary conductance of SUR/Kir6.0 ion channels. EMBO Journal 18(12): 3317-3324
Eggert, T.; Brockmeier, U.; Dröge, M.J.; Quax, W.J.; Jaeger, K-Erich. 2003: Extracellular lipases from Bacillus subtilis: regulation of gene expression and enzyme activity by amino acid supply and external pH. FEMS Microbiology Letters 225(2): 319-324
Hodgson, L.; Kohn, E.C.; Dong, C. 2000: Extracellular lipid-mediated signaling in tumor-cell activation and pseudopod protrusion. International Journal of Cancer 88(4): 593-600
Ni, H.; Capodici, J.; Cannon, G.; Communi, D.; Boeynaems, J-Marie.; Karikó, K.; Weissman, D. 2002: Extracellular mRNA induces dendritic cell activation by stimulating tumor necrosis factor-alpha secretion and signaling through a nucleotide receptor. Journal of Biological Chemistry 277(15): 12689-12696
Yang, Z.; Wang, J.; Altura, B.T.; Altura, B.M. 2000: Extracellular magnesium deficiency induces contraction of arterial muscle: Role of PI3-kinases and MAPK signaling pathways. Pflugers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology 439(3): 240-247
Sasaki, R.; Hirota, K.; Roth, S.H.; Yamazaki, M. 2002: Extracellular magnesium ion modifies the actions of volatile anesthetics in area CA1 of rat hippocampus in vitro. Anesthesiology 96(3): 681-687
Altura, B.M.; Zhang, A.; Cheng, T.P.; Altura, B.T. 2001: Extracellular magnesium regulates nuclear and perinuclear free ionized calcium in cerebral vascular smooth muscle cells: Possible relation to alcohol and central nervous system injury. Alcohol 23(2): 83-90
Rothschild, N.; Levkowitz, A.; Hadar, Y.; Dosoretz, C. 1999: Extracellular mannose-6-phosphatase of Phanerochaete chrysosporium: a lignin peroxidase-modifying enzyme. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 372(1): 107-111
Goodyear, R.J.; Richardson, G.P. 2002: Extracellular matrices associated with the apical surfaces of sensory epithelia in the inner ear: molecular and structural diversity. Journal of Neurobiology 53(2): 212-227
Haruno, A.; Morisaki, N.; Ishii, I.; Saito, Y. 1999: Extracellular matrix accumulation on the thickened neointima in a rat double-balloon injury model. Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation 59(6): 395-403
Peterson, W.J.; Tachiki, K.H.; Yamaguchi, D.T. 2002: Extracellular matrix alters the relationship between tritiated thymidine incorporation and proliferation of MC3T3-E1 cells during osteogenesis in vitro. Cell Proliferation 35(1): 9-22
Robert, A.M.; Robert, L. 1998: Extracellular matrix and blood-brain barrier function. Pathologie-Biologie 46(7): 535-542
Capper-Loup, C.; Rubin, B.P.; Rager, G. 1999: Extracellular matrix and development of lamination in the dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus in the tree shrew (Tupaia belangeri). Anatomy and Embryology 199(6): 549-561
Boudreau, N.J.; Jones, P.L. 1999: Extracellular matrix and integrin signalling: the shape of things to come. Biochemical Journal 339: 481-488
Medler, S.; Silverman, H. 1998: Extracellular matrix and muscle fibers in the gills of freshwater bivalves. Invertebrate Biology 117(4): 288-298
Dolhnikoff, M.; Mauad, T.; Ludwig, M.S. 1999: Extracellular matrix and oscillatory mechanics of rat lung parenchyma in bleomycin-induced fibrosis. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 160(5 Part 1): 1750-1757
Dimitrijevic-Bussod, M.; Balzaretti-Maggi, V.S.; Gadbois, D.M. 1999: Extracellular matrix and radiation G1 cell cycle arrest in human fibroblasts. Cancer Research 59(19): 4843-4847
Rascher, G.; Fischmann, A.; Kröger, S.; Duffner, F.; Grote, E.-H.; Wolburg, H. 2002: Extracellular matrix and the blood-brain barrier in glioblastoma multiforme: spatial segregation of tenascin and agrin. Acta Neuropathologica 104(1): 85-91
Huber, J.E.; Spievack, A.; Simmons-Byrd, A.; Ringel, R.L.; Badylak, S. 2003: Extracellular matrix as a scaffold for laryngeal reconstruction. Annals of Otology Rhinology and Laryngology 112(5): 428-433
Jensen, B.Vittrup.; Johansen, J.Sidenius.; Skovsgaard, T.; Brandt, J.; Teisner, Børge. 2002: Extracellular matrix building marked by the N-terminal propeptide of procollagen type I reflect aggressiveness of recurrent breast cancer. International Journal of Cancer 98(4): 582-589
LeBaron, R.G.; Athanasiou, K.A. 2000: Extracellular matrix cell adhesion peptides: functional applications in orthopedic materials. Tissue Engineering 6(2): 85-103
Perosa, S.R.; Porcionatto, M.A.; Cukiert, A.; Martins, J.R.M.; Amado, D.; Nader, H.B.; Cavalheiro, E.A.; Leite, J.P.; Naffah-Mazzacoratti, M.G. 2002: Extracellular matrix components are altered in the hippocampus, cortex, and cerebrospinal fluid of patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. Epilepsia 43(Suppl): 159-161
Dunlop, M.E.; Muggli, E.E. 2000: Extracellular matrix components cooperate to activate phosphatidyl inositol-4-phosphate 5-kinase. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 279(3): 931-937
Leung, E.W.; Rife, L.; Smith, R.E.; Kay, E.P. 2000: Extracellular matrix components in retrocorneal fibrous membrane in comparison to corneal endothelium and Descemet's membrane. Molecular Vision 6: 15-23
Wolanska, M.; Sobolewski, K.; Drozdzewicz, M.; Bankowski, E. 1998: Extracellular matrix components in uterine leiomyoma and their alteration during the tumour growth. Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 189(1-2): 145-152
Romanowicz, L.; Sobolewski, K. 2000: Extracellular matrix components of the wall of umbilical cord vein and their alterations in pre-eclampsia. Journal of Perinatal Medicine 28(2): 140-146
Chakravortty, D.; Kato, Y.; Koide, N.; Sugiyama, T.; Kawai, M.; Fukada, M.; Yoshida, T.; Yokochi, T. 2000: Extracellular matrix components prevent lipopolysaccharide-induced bovine arterial endothelial cell injury by inhibiting p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase. Thrombosis Research 98(2): 187-193
Kuchenbauer, F.; Hopfner, U.; Stalla, J.; Arzt, E.; Stalla, G.K.; Páez-Pereda, M. 2001: Extracellular matrix components regulate ACTH production and proliferation in corticotroph tumor cells. Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology 175(1-2): 141-148
Kilburn, B.A.; Wang, J.; Duniec-Dmuchowski, Z.M.; Leach, R.E.; Romero, R.; Armant, D.R.; Duniec-Dmuchkowski, Z.M. 2000: Extracellular matrix composition and hypoxia regulate the expression of HLA-G and integrins in a human trophoblast cell line. Biology of Reproduction 62(3): 739-747
Krivacic, K.A.; Levine, A.D. 2003: Extracellular matrix conditions T cells for adhesion to tissue interstitium. Journal of Immunology 170(10): 5034-5044
Lukes, A.; Mun-Bryce, S.; Lukes, M.; Rosenberg, G.A. 1999: Extracellular matrix degradation by metalloproteinases and central nervous system diseases. Molecular Neurobiology 19(3): 267-284
Simionescu, D.T.; Lovekamp, J.J.; Vyavahare, N.R. 2003: Extracellular matrix degrading enzymes are active in porcine stentless aortic bioprosthetic heart valves. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part a 66(4): 755-763
Harendza, S.; Schneider, A.; Helmchen, U.; Stahl, R.A. 1999: Extracellular matrix deposition and cell proliferation in a model of chronic glomerulonephritis in the rat. Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation: Official Publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association 14(12): 2873-2879
Eickelberg, O.; Köhler, E.; Reichenberger, F.; Bertschin, S.; Woodtli, T.; Erne, P.; Perruchoud, A.P.; Roth, M. 1999: Extracellular matrix deposition by primary human lung fibroblasts in response to TGF-beta1 and TGF-beta3. American Journal of Physiology 276(5): L814-L824
Nakajima, I.; Muroya, S.; Tanabe, R-ichi.; Chikuni, K. 2002: Extracellular matrix development during differentiation into adipocytes with a unique increase in type V and VI collagen. Biology of the Cell 94(3): 197-203
Hahn, M.; Glass, T.; Koke, J. 2000: Extracellular matrix effects on a neuroblastoma cell line. Cytobios 102(399): 7-19
Kearns, S.M.; Laywell, E.D.; Kukekov, V.K.; Steindler, D.A. 2003: Extracellular matrix effects on neurosphere cell motility. Experimental Neurology 182(1): 240-244
Miralem, T.; Avraham, H.K. 2003: Extracellular matrix enhances heregulin-dependent BRCA1 phosphorylation and suppresses BRCA1 expression through its C terminus. Molecular and Cellular Biology 23(2): 579-593
Schubert, A.; Walther, T.; Falk, V.; Binner, C.; Löscher, N.; Kanev, A.; Bleiziffer, S.; Rauch, T.; Autschbach, R.; Mohr, F.W. 2001: Extracellular matrix gene expression correlates to left ventricular mass index after surgical induction of left ventricular hypertrophy. Basic Research in Cardiology 96(4): 381-387
Seccia, T.M.; Bettini, E.; Vulpis, V.; Quartaroli, M.; Trist, D.G.; Gaviraghi, G.; Pirrelli, A. 1999: Extracellular matrix gene expression in the left ventricular tissue of spontaneously hypertensive rats. Blood Pressure 8(1): 57-64
Capolicchio, G.; Aitken, K.J.; Gu, J.X.; Reddy, P.; Bägli, D.J. 2001: Extracellular matrix gene responses in a novel ex vivo model of bladder stretch injury. Journal of Urology 165(6 Pt 2): 2235-2240
Guarino, M.; Zuccoli, E.; Garda, E.; Cristofori, E.; Pallotti, F.; Nebuloni, M.; Giordano, F. 2001: Extracellular matrix globules in renal oncocytoma. Pathology Research and Practice 197(4): 245-252
D.M.guel, F.F.; Vargas, J.; Arias, C.; Escamilla, C. 2001: Extracellular matrix glycoproteins inhibit neurite production by cultured neurons. Journal of Comparative Neurology 18 443(4): 401-411
Henriquez, J.P.; Casar, J.C.; Fuentealba, L.; Carey, D.J.; Brandan, E. 2002: Extracellular matrix histone H1 binds to perlecan, is present in regenerating skeletal muscle and stimulates myoblast proliferation. Journal of Cell Science 115(Part 10): 2041-2051
Hayes, A.J.; Benjamin, M.; Ralphs, J.R. 2001: Extracellular matrix in development of the intervertebral disc. Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology 20(2): 107-121
Liapis, H.; Barent, B.; Steinhardt, G.F. 2001: Extracellular matrix in fetal kidney after experimental obstruction. Journal of Urology 166(4): 1433-1438
Condic, M.L.; Lemons, M.L. 2002: Extracellular matrix in spinal cord regeneration: getting beyond attraction and inhibition. Neuroreport 13(3): A37-A48
Kurosaka, D.; Kato, K.; Oshima, T.; Kurosaka, H.; Yoshino, M.; Ogata, M. 1999: Extracellular matrix influencees proliferation of cultured porcine lens epithelial cells. Nippon Ganka Gakkai Zasshi 103(6): 432-435
Wang, W.; Passaniti, A. 1999: Extracellular matrix inhibits apoptosis and enhances endothelial cell differentiation by a NfkappaB-dependent mechanism. Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 73(3): 321-331
Mason, R.M.; Wahab, N.Abdel. 2003: Extracellular matrix metabolism in diabetic nephropathy. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: Jasn 14(5): 1358-1373
Yang, Z.; Strickland, D.K.; Bornstein, P. 2001: Extracellular matrix metalloproteinase 2 levels are regulated by the low density lipoprotein-related scavenger receptor and thrombospondin 2. Journal of Biological Chemistry 276(11): 8403-8408
Major, T.C.; Liang, L.; Lu, X.; Rosebury, W.; Bocan, T.M.A. 2002: Extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (EMMPRIN) is induced upon monocyte differentiation and is expressed in human atheroma. Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 22(7): 1200-1207
Betsuyaku, T.; Tanino, M.; Nagai, K.; Nasuhara, Y.; Nishimura, M.; Senior, R.M. 2003: Extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer is increased in smokers' bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 168(2): 222-227
Halvorsen, Y.D.; Franklin, D.; Bond, A.L.; Hitt, D.C.; Auchter, C.; Boskey, A.L.; Paschalis, E.P.; Wilkison, W.O.; Gimble, J.M. 2001: Extracellular matrix mineralization and osteoblast gene expression by human adipose tissue-derived stromal cells. Tissue Engineering 7(6): 729-741
Vaday, G.G.; Lider, O. 2000: Extracellular matrix moieties, cytokines, and enzymes: dynamic effects on immune cell behavior and inflammation. Journal of Leukocyte Biology 67(2): 149-159
Lallier, T.E.; Yukna, R.; Moses, R.L. 2001: Extracellular matrix molecules improve periodontal ligament cell adhesion to anorganic bone matrix. Journal of Dental Research 80(8): 1748-1752
Wright, J.W.; Kramár, Eö.A.; Meighan, S.E.; Harding, J.W. 2002: Extracellular matrix molecules, long-term potentiation, memory consolidation and the brain angiotensin system. Peptides 23(1): 221-246
Mligiliche, N.; Endo, K.; Okamoto, K.; Fujimoto, E.; Ide, C. 2002: Extracellular matrix of human amnion manufactured into tubes as conduits for peripheral nerve regeneration. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research 63(5): 591-600
El-Amin, S.F.; Lu, H.H.; Khan, Y.; Burems, J.; Mitchell, J.; Tuan, R.S.; Laurencin, C.T. 2003: Extracellular matrix production by human osteoblasts cultured on biodegradable polymers applicable for tissue engineering. Biomaterials 24(7): 1213-1221
Hamada, T.; Wessagowit, V.; South, A.P.; Ashton, G.H.S.; Chan, I.; Oyama, N.; Siriwattana, A.; Jewhasuchin, P.; Charuwichitratana, S.; Thappa, D.M.; Jeevankumar, B.; Lenane, P.; Krafchik, B.; Kulthanan, K.; Shimizu, H.; Kaya, T.I.; Erdal, M.E.; Paradisi, M.; Paller, A.S.; Seishima, M.; Hashimoto, T.; McGrath, J.A. 2003: Extracellular matrix protein 1 gene (ECM1) mutations in lipoid proteinosis and genotype-phenotype correlation. Journal of Investigative Dermatology 120(3): 345-350
Saldanha, V.; Grande, D.A. 2000: Extracellular matrix protein gene expression of bovine chondrocytes cultured on resorbable scaffolds. Biomaterials 21(23): 2427-2431
Wang, S.; Cukierman, E.; Swaim, W.D.; Yamada, K.M.; Baum, B.J. 1999: Extracellular matrix protein-induced changes in human salivary epithelial cell organization and proliferation on a model biological substratum. Biomaterials 20(11): 1043-1049
Grimm, D.; Huber, M.; Jabusch, H.C.; Shakibaei, M.; Fredersdorf, S.; Paul, M.; Riegger, G.A.; Kromer, E.P. 2001: Extracellular matrix proteins in cardiac fibroblasts derived from rat hearts with chronic pressure overload: effects of beta-receptor blockade. Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology 33(3): 487-501
Niquet, J.; Pérez-Martínez, L.; Guerra, M.; Grouselle, D.; Joseph-Bravo, P.; Charli, J. 2000: Extracellular matrix proteins increase the expression of pro-TRH and pro-protein convertase PC1 in fetal hypothalamic neurons in vitro. Brain Research. Developmental Brain Research 120(1): 49-56
Hirtenlehne, K.; Pec, M.; Kubista, E.; Singer, C.F. 2002: Extracellular matrix proteins influence phenotype and cytokine expression in human breast cancer cell lines. European Cytokine Network 13(2): 234-240
Boura-Halfon, S.; Voliovitch, H.; Feinstein, R.; Paz, K.; Zick, Y. 2003: Extracellular matrix proteins modulate endocytosis of the insulin receptor. Journal of Biological Chemistry 278(18): 16397-16404
Vaquero, E.C.; Edderkaoui, M.; Nam, K.J.; Gukovsky, I.; Pandol, S.J.; Gukovskaya, A.S. 2003: Extracellular matrix proteins protect pancreatic cancer cells from death via mitochondrial and nonmitochondrial pathways. Gastroenterology 125(4): 1188-1202
Kettritz, R.; Xu, Y.X.; Kerren, T.; Quass, P.; Klein, J.B.; Luft, F.C.; Haller, H. 1999: Extracellular matrix regulates apoptosis in human neutrophils. Kidney International 55(2): 562-571
Abe, T.; Abe, Y.; Aida, Y.; Hara, Y.; Maeda, K. 2001: Extracellular matrix regulates induction of alkaline phosphatase expression by ascorbic acid in human fibroblasts. Journal of Cellular Physiology 189(2): 144-151
Arima, T. 1999: Extracellular matrix regulates morphology and function in cultured Kupffer cells. Dokkyo Journal of Medical Sciences 26(1): 61-71
Huet, C.; Pisselet, C.; Mandon-Pépin, B.; Monget, P.; Monniaux, D. 2001: Extracellular matrix regulates ovine granulosa cell survival, proliferation and steroidogenesis: relationships between cell shape and function. Journal of Endocrinology 169(2): 347-360
Tan, M.I.; Strunck, E.; Scholzen, T.; Gerdes, J.; Vollmer, G. 1999: Extracellular matrix regulates steady-state mRNA levels of the proliferation associated protein Ki-67 in endometrial cancer cells. Cancer Letters 140(1-2): 145-152
Gosnell, J.E.; Wong, C.B.; Kumwenda, Z.L.; Welch, W.J.; Harris, H.W. 2000: Extracellular matrix regulates the hepatocellular heat shock response. Journal of Surgical Research 91(1): 43-49
Masutomo, K.; Makino, N.; Sugano, M.; Miyamoto, S.; Hata, T.; Yanaga, T. 1999: Extracellular matrix regulation in the development of Syrian cardiomyopathic Bio 14.6 and Bio 53.58 hamsters. Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology 31(9): 1607-1615
Luparello, C.; Schilling, T.; Cirincione, R.; Pucci-Minafra, I. 1999: Extracellular matrix regulation of PTHrP and PTH/PTHrP receptor in a human breast cancer cell line. FEBS Letters 463(3): 265-269
Rintoul, R.C.; Sethi, T. 2002: Extracellular matrix regulation of drug resistance in small-cell lung cancer. Clinical Science 102(4): 417-424
Jacob, M.Paule. 2003: Extracellular matrix remodeling and matrix metalloproteinases in the vascular wall during aging and in pathological conditions. Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy 57(5-6): 195-202
Lindsey, M.L.; Mann, D.L.; Entman, M.L.; Spinale, F.G. 2003: Extracellular matrix remodeling following myocardial injury. Annals of Medicine 35(5): 316-326
Jacob, M.P.; Badier-Commander, C.; Fontaine, V.; Benazzoug, Y.; Feldman, L.; Michel, J.B. 2001: Extracellular matrix remodeling in the vascular wall. Pathologie-Biologie 49(4): 326-332
Yoshiji, H.; Kuriyama, S.; Yoshii, J.; Ikenaka, Y.; Noguchi, R.; Yanase, K.; Namisaki, T.; Yamazaki, M.; Tsujinoue, H.; Imazu, H.; Fukui, H. 2003: Extracellular matrix remodeling may predominate over hepatocyte injury in hepatocellular carcinoma development. Oncology Reports 10(4): 957-962
Stamenkovic, I. 2003: Extracellular matrix remodelling: the role of matrix metalloproteinases. Journal of Pathology 200(4): 448-464
Schacherer, C.; Koops, D.; Wiemer, J.; Hartmann, A.; Weis, M.; Klepzig, H.; Zeiher, A.M.; Olbrich, H.G. 1999: Extracellular matrix structure after heart transplantation. International Journal of Cardiology 68(1): 115-120
Ikuta, T.; Ariga, H.; Matsumoto, K. 2000: Extracellular matrix tenascin-X in combination with vascular endothelial growth factor B enhances endothelial cell proliferation. Genes to Cells: Devoted to Molecular and Cellular Mechanisms 5(11): 913-927
Suzawa, M.; Takeuchi, Y.; Fukumoto, S.; Kato, S.; Ueno, N.; Miyazono, K.; Matsumoto, T.; Fujita, T. 1999: Extracellular matrix-associated bone morphogenetic proteins are essential for differentiation of murine osteoblastic cells in vitro. Endocrinology 140(5): 2125-2133
Hutchings, H.; Ortega, N.; Plouët, J. 2003: Extracellular matrix-bound vascular endothelial growth factor promotes endothelial cell adhesion, migration, and survival through integrin ligation. FASEB Journal 17(11): 1520-1522
Määttä, A.; Jaakkola, P.; Jalkanen, M. 1999: Extracellular matrix-dependent activation of syndecan-1 expression in keratinocyte growth factor-treated keratinocytes. Journal of Biological Chemistry 274(14): 9891-9898
Maeshima, Y.; Yerramalla, U.L.; Dhanabal, M.; Holthaus, K.A.; Barbashov, S.; Kharbanda, S.; Reimer, C.; Manfredi, M.; Dickerson, W.M.; Kalluri, R. 2001: Extracellular matrix-derived peptide binds to alpha(v)beta(3) integrin and inhibits angiogenesis. Journal of Biological Chemistry 276(34): 31959-31968
Mahesparan, R.; Tysnes, B.B.; Read, T.A.; Enger, P.O.; Bjerkvig, R.; Lund-Johansen, M. 1999: Extracellular matrix-induced cell migration from glioblastoma biopsy specimens in vitro. Acta Neuropathologica 97(3): 231-239
Perumpanani, A.J.; Simmons, D.L.; Gearing, A.J.H.; Miller, K.M.; Ward, G.; Norbury, J.; Schneemann, M.; Sherratt, J.A. 1998: Extracellular matrix-mediated chemotaxis can impede cell migration. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B Biological Sciences 265(1413): 2347-2352
Rooprai, H.K.; Liyanage, K.; Robinson, S.F.; Kandanearatchi, A.; Dean, A.F.; Pilkington, G.J. 1999: Extracellular matrix-modulated differential invasion of human meningioma cell lines in vitro. Neuroscience Letters 263(2-3): 214-216
Basile, D.P.; Martin, D.R.; Hammerman, M.R. 1998: Extracellular matrix-related genes in kidney after ischemic injury: potential role for TGF-beta in repair. American Journal of Physiology 275(6): F894-F903
Major, C.D.; Santulli, R.J.; Derian, C.K.; Andrade-Gordon, P. 2003: Extracellular mediators in atherosclerosis and thrombosis: lessons from thrombin receptor knockout mice. Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 23(6): 931-939
Kim, C.Woo.; Lee, H.Myung.; Lee, T.Hoon.; Kang, C.; Kleinman, H.K.; Gho, Y.Song. 2002: Extracellular membrane vesicles from tumor cells promote angiogenesis via sphingomyelin. Cancer Research 62(21): 6312-6317
Nadlinger, K.; Westerthaler, W.; Storga-Tomic, D.; Birkmayer, Jörg.G.D. 2002: Extracellular metabolisation of NADH by blood cells correlates with intracellular ATP levels. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1573(2): 177-182
Zimmermann, H. 2000: Extracellular metabolism of ATP and other nucleotides. Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology 362(4-5): 299-309
Kaulich, M.; Qurishi, R.; Müller, C.E. 2003: Extracellular metabolism of nucleotides in neuroblastoma x glioma NG108-15 cells determined by capillary electrophoresis. Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology 23(3): 349-364
McCormick, R.J. 1999: Extracellular modifications to muscle collagen: implications for meat quality. Poultry Science 78(5): 785-791
Blackhart, B.D.; Ruslim-Litrus, L.; Lu, C.C.; Alves, V.L.; Teng, W.; Scarborough, R.M.; Reynolds, E.E.; Oksenberg, D. 2000: Extracellular mutations of protease-activated receptor-1 result in differential activation by thrombin and thrombin receptor agonist peptide. Molecular Pharmacology 58(6): 1178-1187
Schwab, C.; Akiyama, H.; McGeer, E.G.; McGeer, P.L. 1998: Extracellular neurofibrillary tangles are immunopositive for the 40 carboxy-terminal sequence of beta-amyloid protein. Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology 57(12): 1131-1137
Tachibana, T.; Utimura, D.; Kato, H.; Kubo, T.; Sugahara, K. 2000: Extracellular norepinephrine in the medial hypothalamus increases during feeding in chicks: a microdialysis study. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A Molecular and Integrative Physiology 127(3): 331-338
Rangarajan, S.; Shankar, V. 1999: Extracellular nuclease from Rhizopus stolonifer: purification and characteristics of - single strand preferential - deoxyribonuclease activity. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1473(2-3): 293-304
Willems, R.; Slegers, H.; Rodrigus, I.; Moulijn, A.C.; Lenjou, M.; Nijs, G.; Berneman, Z.N.; Van Bockstaele, D.R. 2002: Extracellular nucleoside diphosphate kinase NM23/NDPK modulates normal hematopoietic differentiation. Experimental Hematology 30(7): 640-648
Bowler, W.B.; Buckley, K.A.; Gartland, A.; Hipskind, R.A.; Bilbe, G.; Gallagher, J.A. 2001: Extracellular nucleotide signaling: A mechanism for integrating local and systemic responses in the activation of bone remodeling. Bone 28(5): 507-512
John, G.R.; Simpson, J.E.; Woodroofe, M.N.; Lee, S.C.; Brosnan, C.F. 2001: Extracellular nucleotides differentially regulate interleukin-1beta signaling in primary human astrocytes: implications for inflammatory gene expression. Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 21(12): 4134-4142
Chaulet, H.; Desgranges, C.; Renault, M.A.; Dupuch, F.; Ezan, G.; Peiretti, F.; Loirand, G.; Pacaud, P.; Gadeau, A.P. 2001: Extracellular nucleotides induce arterial smooth muscle cell migration via osteopontin. Circulation Research 89(9): 772-778
Lee, K.W.; Shin, H.D.; Lee, Y.H. 2002: Extracellular overproduction of beta-cyclodextrin glucanotransferase in a recombinant E. coli using secretive expression system. Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 12(5): 753-759
Pozdnyakova; Leontievsky; Golovleva 1999: Extracellular oxidases from solid-state culture of the ligninolytic fungus panus tigrinus 8/18. Biochemistry. Biokhimiia 64(4): 442-447
Carbonell, T.; Ródenas, J.; Alfaro, V.; Mitjavila, M.T.; Palacios, L. 2002: Extracellular pH affects inflammatory cell production of superoxide and nitric oxide. Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry 58(2): 115-120
Marumo, M.; Suehiro, A.; Kakishita, E.; Groschner, K.; Wakabayashi, I. 2001: Extracellular pH affects platelet aggregation associated with modulation of store-operated Ca(2+) entry. Thrombosis Research 104(5): 353-360
Menna, G.; Tong, C.K.; Chesler, M. 2000: Extracellular pH changes and accompanying cation shifts during ouabain-induced spreading depression. Journal of Neurophysiology 83(3): 1338-1345
Böning, D.; Maassen, N.; Thomas, A.; Steinacker, J.M. 2001: Extracellular pH defense against lactic acid in normoxia and hypoxia before and after a Himalayan expedition. European Journal of Applied Physiology 84(1-2): 78-86
Ricci, V.; Sommi, P.; Fiocca, R.; Necchi, V.; Romano, M.; Solcia, E. 2002: Extracellular pH modulates Helicobacter pylori-induced vacuolation and VacA toxin internalization in human gastric epithelial cells. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 292(1): 167-174
Salonikidis, P.S.; Kirichenko, S.N.; Tatjanenko, L.V.; Schwarz, W.; Vasilets, L.A. 2000: Extracellular pH modulates kinetics of the Na(+),K(+)-ATPase. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1509(1-2): 496-504
Xiong, Z.Q.; Stringer, J.L. 2000: Extracellular pH responses in CA1 and the dentate gyrus during electrical stimulation, seizure discharges, and spreading depression. Journal of Neurophysiology 83(6): 3519-3524
Nazarov, V.; Aquino-DeJesus, J.; Apkon, M. 2000: Extracellular pH, Ca(2+) influx, and response of vascular smooth muscle cells to 5-hydroxytryptamine. Stroke 31(10): 2500-2507
Wood, D.E.; Nusbaum, M.P. 2002: Extracellular peptidase activity tunes motor pattern modulation. Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 22(10): 4185-4195
Reynolds, N.C.; Lin, W.; Cameron, C.M.; Roerig, D.L. 1999: Extracellular perfusion of rat brain nuclei using microdialysis: A method for studying differential neurotransmitter release in response to neurotoxins. Brain Research. Brain Research Protocols 4(2): 124-131
Temp, U.; Meyrahn, H.; Eggert, C. 1999: Extracellular phenol oxidase patterns during depolymerization of low-rank coal by three basidiomycetes. Biotechnology Letters 21(4): 281-287
Mansfield, K.; Rajpurohit, R.; Shapiro, I.M. 1999: Extracellular phosphate ions cause apoptosis of terminally differentiated epiphyseal chondrocytes. Journal of Cellular Physiology 179(3): 276-286
Hietaranta, A.; Kemppainen, E.; Puolakkainen, P.; Sainio, V.; Haapiainen, R.; Peuravuori, H.; Kivilaakso, E.; Nevalainen, T. 1999: Extracellular phospholipases A2 in relation to systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and systemic complications in severe acute pancreatitis. Pancreas 18(4): 385-391
Tseng, Y.H.; Fang, T.J. 1998: Extracellular phytase from Penicillium simplicissimum W46: Production, purification and characterization. Journal of the Chinese Agricultural Chemical Society 36(6): 598-611
Mori, S.; Funaguma, T.; Hara, A. 2000: Extracellular polygalacturonases produced by Penicillium herquei IFO4674. Scientific Reports of the Faculty of Agriculture Meijo University 36: 23-31
Van Schalkwyk, C.; Joubert, H.; Britz, T.J. 2003: Extracellular polymer production and potential for aggregate formation by classical propionibacteria. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 19(3): 285-289
Sponza, Delia Teresa 2002: Extracellular polymer substances and physicochemical properties of flocs in steady- and unsteady-state activated sludge systems. Process Biochemistry 37(9): 983-998
Choi, E.; Yun, Z.; Park, Y.; Lee, H.; Jeong, H.; Kim, K.; Lee, H.; Rho, K.; Gil, K. 2001: Extracellular polymeric substances in relation to nutrient removal from a sequencing batch biofilm reactor. Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research 43(6): 185-192
Tsuneda, S.; Aikawa, H.; Hayashi, H.; Yuasa, A.; Hirata, A. 2003: Extracellular polymeric substances responsible for bacterial adhesion onto solid surface. FEMS Microbiology Letters 223(2): 287-292
Flemming, H.C.; Wingender, J.; Mayer, C. 1998: Extracellular polymeric substances: The material which forms the biofilm. Mededelingen van de Faculteit Landbouwwetenschappen - Rijksuniversiteit Gent 63(4A): 1129-1136
Lenz, R.W.; Farcet, C.; Dijkstra, P.J.; Goodwin, S.; Zhang, S. 1999: Extracellular polymerization of 3-hydroxyalkanoate monomers with the polymerase of Alcaligenes eutrophus. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules 25(1-3): 55-60
Singh, S.; Arad, S. (Malis).; Richmond, A. 2000: Extracellular polysaccharide production in outdoor mass cultures of Porphyridium sp. in flat plate glass reactors. Journal of Applied Phycology 12(3-5): 269-275
Bianciotto, V.; Andreotti, S.; Balestrini, R.; Bonfante, P.; Perotto, S. 2001: Extracellular polysaccharides are involved in the attachment of Azospirillum brasilense and Rhizobium leguminosarum to arbuscular mycorrhizal structures. European Journal of Histochemistry: Ejh 45(1): 39-49
Zhu, M.; Takenaka, S.; Sato, M.; Hoshino, E. 2001: Extracellular polysaccharides do not inhibit the reaction between Streptococcus mutans and its specific immunoglobulin G (IgG) or penetration of the IgG through S. mutans biofilm. Oral Microbiology and Immunology 16(1): 54-56
Kogan, G.; Matulová, M.ár.; Michalková, E. 2002: Extracellular polysaccharides of Penicillium vermiculatum. Zeitschrift für Naturforschung. C Journal of Biosciences 57(5-6): 452-458
Iwabuchi, N.; Sunairi, M.; Urai, M.; Itoh, C.; Anzai, H.; Nakajima, M.; Harayama, S. 2002: Extracellular polysaccharides of Rhodococcus rhodochrous S-2 stimulate the degradation of aromatic components in crude oil by indigenous marine bacteria. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 68(5): 2337-2343
Kazy, S.K.; Sar, P.; Singh, S.P.; Sen, A.K.; D'souza, S.F. 2002: Extracellular polysaccharides of a copper-sensitive and a copper-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain: Synthesis, chemical nature and copper binding. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 18(6): 583-588
Dahlem, Y.A.; Dahlem, M.A.; Mair, T.; Braun, K.; Müller, S.C. 2003: Extracellular potassium alters frequency and profile of retinal spreading depression waves. Experimental Brain Research 152(2): 221-228
Hiruma, H.; Nishida, S.; Katakura, T.; Kusakabe, T.; Takenaka, T.; Kawakami, T. 1999: Extracellular potassium rapidly inhibits axonal transport of particles in cultured mouse dorsal root ganglion neurites. Journal of Neurobiology 38(2): 225-233
Claverol-Tinture, E.; Pine, J. 2002: Extracellular potentials in low-density dissociated neuronal cultures. Journal of Neuroscience Methods 117(1): 13-21
Sparatore, B.; Patrone, M.; Passalacqua, M.; Pedrazzi, M.; Gaggero, D.; Pontremoli, S.; Melloni, E. 2001: Extracellular processing of amphoterin generates a peptide active on erythroleukaemia cell differentiation. Biochemical Journal 357(Pt 2): 569-574
Shiba, Y.; Ichikawa, K.; Serizawa, N.; Yoshikawa, H. 1998: Extracellular processing of carboxypeptidase Y secreted by a Saccharomyces cerevisiae ss11 mutant strain. Journal of Fermentation and Bioengineering 86(6): 545-549
Sakata, N.; Usui, Y.; Kogure, T. 1999: Extracellular product(s) of Staphylococcus aureus stimulate their own growth. Zentralblatt für Bakteriologie: International Journal of Medical Microbiology 289(3): 339-345
Lin, D.G.; Jeang, C.L. 1998: Extracellular production of Bacillus macerans authentic cyclodextrin glucanotransferases in Bacillus subtilis. Journal of the Chinese Agricultural Chemical Society 36(6): 640-651
Kim, H.; Jeon, J.; Lee, H.; Park, Y.; Seo, W.; Oh, H.; Katsuragi, T.T.ni, Y.Y.on, B. 2002: Extracellular production of a glycolipid biosurfactant, mannosylerythritol lipid, from Candida antarctica. Biotechnology letters 24(3): 225-229
Adrio, J.L.; Velasco, J.; Soler, G.; Rodriguez-Saiz, M.; Barredo, J.L.; Moreno, M.A. 2001: Extracellular production of biologically active deacetoxycephalosporin C synthase from Streptomyces clavuligerus in Pichia pastoris. Biotechnology and Bioengineering 75(4): 485-491
Il'ina, A.V.; Tatarinova, N.Y.; Tikhonov, V.E.; Varlamov, V.P. 2000: Extracellular protease and chitinase produced by a culture of Streptomyces kurssanovii. Prikladnaia Biokhimiia i Mikrobiologiia 36(2): 173-177
Giménez, M.I.; Studdert, C.A.; Sánchez, J.J.; De Castro, R.E. 2000: Extracellular protease of Natrialba magadii: Purification and biochemical characterization. Extremophiles: Life Under Extreme Conditions 4(3): 181-188
Siao, C-Jen.; Tsirka, S.E. 2002: Extracellular proteases and neuronal cell death. Cellular and Molecular Biology 48(2): 151-161
Molinari, F.; Meskanaite, V.; Munnich, A.; Sonderegger, P.; Colleaux, L. 2003: Extracellular proteases and their inhibitors in genetic diseases of the central nervous system. Human Molecular Genetics 12 Spec No 2: R195-R200
Dubin, G. 2002: Extracellular proteases of Staphylococcus spp. Biological Chemistry 383(7-8): 1075-1086
Cho, Y.S.; Park, Y.G.; Lee, Y.N.; Kim, M.K.; Bates, S.; Tan, L.; Cho-Chung, Y.S. 2000: Extracellular protein kinase a as a cancer biomarker: its expression by tumor cells and reversal by a myristate-lacking Calpha and RIIbeta subunit overexpression. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 97(2): 835-840
Vorob'eva, L.I.; Khodzhaev, E.Iu.; Ponomareva, G.M.; Briukhanov, A.L. 2003: Extracellular protein metabolite of Luteococcus japonicus subsp. casei reactivates cells subjected to oxidative stress. Prikladnaia Biokhimiia i Mikrobiologiia 39(2): 202-207
Colmenares-Esqueda, M.; Oropeza, M.; De-Garcia, E. 1998: Extracellular proteins secreted in the culture medium of embryogenic and non-embryogenic cell suspensions of sugarcane (Saccharum sp. L.) cv 78-1. Acta Cientifica Venezolana 49(3): 160-165
Zhou, H.M.; Nichols, A.; Wohlwend, A.; Bolon, I.; Vassalli, J.D. 1999: Extracellular proteolysis alters tooth development in transgenic mice expressing urokinase-type plasminogen activator in the enamel organ. Development 126(5): 903-912
Lo, E.H.; Wang, X.; Cuzner, M.L. 2002: Extracellular proteolysis in brain injury and inflammation: role for plasminogen activators and matrix metalloproteinases. Journal of Neuroscience Research 69(1): 1-9
Rho, S.H.; Park, C.S. 1998: Extracellular proton alters the divalent cation binding affinity in a cyclic nucleotide-gated channel pore. FEBS Letters 440(1-2): 199-202
Bobkov, Y.V.; Kolesnikov, S.S. 1999: Extracellular protons activate K+ current in a subpopulation of frog taste receptor cells. Neuroscience Letters 264(1-3): 25-28
Milanick, M.A.; Arnett, K.L. 2002: Extracellular protons regulate the extracellular cation selectivity of the sodium pump. Journal of General Physiology 120(4): 497-508
Sitkovsky, M.V. 1998: Extracellular purines and their receptors in immunoregulation. Review of recent advances. Nihon Ika Daigaku Zasshi 65(5): 351-357
Vivó, M.; Camón, Lísa.; de Vera, Núria.; Martínez, E. 2002: Extracellular putrescine content after acute excitotoxic brain damage in the rat. Neuroscience Letters 330(1): 74-78
Fromherz, P. 1999: Extracellular recording with transistors and the distribution of ionic conductances in a cell membrane. European Biophysics Journal: Ebj 28(3): 254-258
Regan, R.F.; Guo, Y. 1999: Extracellular reduced glutathione increases neuronal vulnerability to combined chemical hypoxia and glucose deprivation. Brain Research 817(1-2): 145-150
May, J.M.; Qu, Z.c.; Cobb, C.E. 2000: Extracellular reduction of the ascorbate free radical by human erythrocytes. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 267(1): 118-123
Leinweber, B.D.; Leavis, P.C.; Grabarek, Z.; Wang, C.L.; Morgan, K.G. 1999: Extracellular regulated kinase (ERK) interaction with actin and the calponin homology (CH) domain of actin-binding proteins. Biochemical Journal 344 Pt 1: 117-123
Takahashi, H.; Ibe, M.; Nakamura, S.; Ishida-Yamamoto, A.; Hashimoto, Y.; Iizuka, H. 2002: Extracellular regulated kinase and c-Jun N-terminal kinase are activated in psoriatic involved epidermis. Journal of Dermatological Science 30(2): 94-99
Foncea, R.; Gálvez, A.; Pérez, V.; Morales, M.P.; Calixto, A.; Meléndez, J.; González-Jara, F.; Díaz-Araya, G.; Sapag-Hagar, M.; Sugden, P.H.; LeRoith, D.; Lavandero, S. 2000: Extracellular regulated kinase, but not protein kinase C, is an antiapoptotic signal of insulin-like growth factor-1 on cultured cardiac myocytes. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 273(2): 736-744
Todd, J.L.; Tanner, K.G.; Denu, J.M. 1999: Extracellular regulated kinases (ERK) 1 and ERK2 are authentic substrates for the dual-specificity protein-tyrosine phosphatase VHR. A novel role in down-regulating the ERK pathway. Journal of Biological Chemistry 274(19): 13271-13280
Coulter, K.R.; Wewers, M.D.; Lowe, M.P.; Knoell, D.L. 1999: Extracellular regulation of interleukin (IL)-1beta through lung epithelial cells and defective IL-1 type II receptor expression. American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology 20(5): 964-975
Nupponen, I.; Turunen, R.; Nevalainen, T.; Peuravuori, H.; Pohjavuori, M.; Repo, H.; Andersson, S. 2002: Extracellular release of bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein in newborn infants. Pediatric Research 51(6): 670-674
Yano, S.I.; Kawata, Y.; Kojima, H. 1998: Extracellular release of beta-lactamase by osmotic shock in Synechococcus transformant. Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology 16(Suppl ): 105-108
McGwire, B.S.; O'Connell, W.A.; Chang, K.-P.; Engman, D.M. 2002: Extracellular release of the glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-linked Leishmania surface metalloprotease, gp63, is independent of GPi phospholipolysis: implications for parasite virulence. Journal of Biological Chemistry 277(11): 8802-8809
Duarte, W.R.; Iimura, T.; Takenaga, K.; Ohya, K.; Ishikawa, I.; Kasugai, S. 1999: Extracellular role of S100A4 calcium-binding protein in the periodontal ligament. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 255(2): 416-420
Gotoh, H.; Okada, N.; Kim, Y.Gi.; Shiraishi, K.; Hirami, N.; Haneda, T.; Kurita, A.; Kikuchi, Y.; Danbara, H. 2003: Extracellular secretion of the virulence plasmid-encoded ADP-ribosyltransferase SpvB in Salmonella. Microbial Pathogenesis 34(5): 227-238
Oka, T.; Akisada, M.; Okabe, A.; Sakurai, K.; Shiosaka, S.; Kato, K. 2002: Extracellular serine protease neuropsin (KLK8) modulates neurite outgrowth and fasciculation of mouse hippocampal neurons in culture. Neuroscience Letters 321(3): 141-144
Lopes, A.; Coelho, R.R.; Meirelles, M.N.; Branquinha, M.H.; Vermelho, A.B. 1999: Extracellular serine-proteinases isolated from Streptomyces alboniger: partial characterization and effect of aprotinin on cellular structure. Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 94(6): 763-770
de Groote, L.; Olivier, B.; Westenberg, H.G.M. 2002: Extracellular serotonin in the prefrontal cortex is limited through terminal 5-HT(1B) autoreceptors: a microdialysis study in knockout mice. Psychopharmacology 162(4): 419-424
Blanco-Centurion, C.A.; Salin-Pascual, R.J. 2001: Extracellular serotonin levels in the medullary reticular formation during normal sleep and after REM sleep deprivation. Brain Research 923(1-2): 128-136
Python, A.; Steimer, T.; de Saint Hilaire, Z.; Mikolajewski, R.; Nicolaidis, S. 2001: Extracellular serotonin variations during vigilance states in the preoptic area of rats: A microdialysis study. Brain Research 910(1-2): 49-54
Hindley, A.; Kolch, W. 2002: Extracellular signal regulated kinase (ERK)/mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK)-independent functions of Raf kinases. Journal of Cell Science 115(Pt 8): 1575-1581
Jaster, R.; Sparmann, G.; Emmrich, J.; Liebe, S. 2002: Extracellular signal regulated kinases are key mediators of mitogenic signals in rat pancreatic stellate cells. Gut 51(4): 579-584
Fujino, H.; Uehara, T.; Murayama, T.; Okuma, Y.; Ariga, H.; Nomura, Y. 2000: Extracellular signal regulated protein kinase and c-jun N-terminal kinase are involved in ml muscarinic receptor-enhanced interleukin-2 production pathway in Jurkat cells. Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin 23(10): 1198-1205
Michie, A.M.; Trop, S.; Wiest, D.L.; Zúñiga-Pflücker, J.C. 1999: Extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) activation by the pre-T cell receptor in developing thymocytes in vivo. Journal of Experimental Medicine 190(11): 1647-1656
Sgambato, V.; Pagès, C.; Rogard, M.; Besson, M.J.; Caboche, J. 1998: Extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) controls immediate early gene induction on corticostriatal stimulation. Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 18(21): 8814-8825
Pircher, T.J.; Petersen, H.; Gustafsson, J.A.; Haldosén, L.A. 1999: Extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) interacts with signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) 5a. Molecular Endocrinology 13(4): 555-565
Zhong, M.; Yang, M.; Sanborn, B.M. 2003: Extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 activation by myometrial oxytocin receptor involves Galpha(q)Gbetagamma and epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase activation. Endocrinology 144(7): 2947-2956
Gu, Z.; Jiang, Q.; Zhang, G. 2001: Extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 activation in hippocampus after cerebral ischemia may not interfere with postischemic cell death. Brain Research 901(1-2): 79-84
Waki, K.; Inanami, O.; Yamamori, T.; Kuwabara, M. 2003: Extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 is involved in the activation of NADPH oxidase induced by fMLP receptor but not by complement receptor 3 in rat neutrophils. Free Radical Research 37(6): 665-671
Rosenberger, S.F.; Finch, J.S.; Gupta, A.; Bowden, G.T. 1999: Extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2-mediated phosphorylation of JunD and FosB is required for okadaic acid-induced activator protein 1 activation. Journal of Biological Chemistry 274(2): 1124-1130
Liu, R.; O'Connell, M.; Johnson, K.; Pritzker, K.; Mackman, N.; Terkeltaub, R. 2000: Extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/extracellular signal-regulated kinase 2 mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling and activation of activator protein 1 and nuclear factor kappaB transcription factors play central roles in interleukin-8 expression stimulated by monosodium urate monohydrate and calcium pyrophosphate crystals in monocytic cells. Arthritis and Rheumatism 43(5): 1145-1155
Simonyi, A.; Murch, K.; Sun, G.Y. 2003: Extracellular signal-regulated kinase 2 mRNA expression in the rat brain during aging. Neurochemical Research 28(9): 1375-1378
Abe, M.K.; Kuo, W.L.; Hershenson, M.B.; Rosner, M.R. 1999: Extracellular signal-regulated kinase 7 (ERK7), a novel ERK with a C-terminal domain that regulates its activity, its cellular localization, and cell growth. Molecular and Cellular Biology 19(2): 1301-1312
Henrich, L.M.; Smith, J.A.; Kitt, D.; Errington, T.M.; Nguyen, B.; Traish, A.M.; Lannigan, D.A. 2003: Extracellular signal-regulated kinase 7, a regulator of hormone-dependent estrogen receptor destruction. Molecular and Cellular Biology 23(17): 5979-5988
Shapiro, P.S.; Whalen, A.M.; Tolwinski, N.S.; Wilsbacher, J.; Froelich-Ammon, S.J.; Garcia, M.; Osheroff, N.; Ahn, N.G. 1999: Extracellular signal-regulated kinase activates topoisomerase IIalpha through a mechanism independent of phosphorylation. Molecular and Cellular Biology 19(5): 3551-3560
Marra, F.; Arrighi, M.C.; Fazi, M.; Caligiuri, A.; Pinzani, M.; Romanelli, R.G.; Efsen, E.; Laffi, G.; Gentilini, P. 1999: Extracellular signal-regulated kinase activation differentially regulates platelet-derived growth factor's actions in hepatic stellate cells, and is induced by in vivo liver injury in the rat. Hepatology 30(4): 951-958
du Plessis, S.S.; Page, C.; Franken, D.R. 2002: Extracellular signal-regulated kinase activation involved in human sperm-zona pellucida binding. Andrologia 34(1): 55-59
Jung, Y.D.; Nakano, K.; Liu, W.; Gallick, G.E.; Ellis, L.M. 1999: Extracellular signal-regulated kinase activation is required for up-regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor by serum starvation in human colon carcinoma cells. Cancer Research 59(19): 4804-4807
Takeda, M.; Takamiya, A.; Yoshida, A.; Kiyama, H. 2002: Extracellular signal-regulated kinase activation predominantly in Müller cells of retina with endotoxin-induced uveitis. IOVS Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science 43(4): 907-911
Hebert, A.E.; Dash, P.K. 2002: Extracellular signal-regulated kinase activity in the entorhinal cortex is necessary for long-term spatial memory. Learning and Memory 9(4): 156-166
Gu, Z.; Jiang, Q.; Zhang, G. 2001: Extracellular signal-regulated kinase and c-Jun N-terminal protein kinase in ischemic tolerance. Neuroreport 12(16): 3487-3491
Harris, D.; Chuderland, D.; Bonfil, D.; Kraus, S.; Seger, R.; Naor, Z. 2003: Extracellular signal-regulated kinase and c-Src, but not Jun N-terminal kinase, are involved in basal and gonadotropin-releasing hormone-stimulated activity of the glycoprotein hormone alpha-subunit promoter. Endocrinology 144(2): 612-622
Huszár, T.; Mucsi, I.; Antus, B.; Terebessy, T.; Jeney, C.; Masszi, A.; Hunyady, L.; Mihalik, B.; Goldberg, H.J.; Thekkumkara, T.J.; Rosivall, L. 2001: Extracellular signal-regulated kinase and the small GTP-binding protein p21Rac1 are involved in the regulation of gene transcription by angiotensin Ii. Experimental Nephrology 9(2): 142-149
Kim, D.W.; Cochran, B.H. 2000: Extracellular signal-regulated kinase binds to TFII-I and regulates its activation of the c-fos promoter. Molecular and Cellular Biology 20(4): 1140-1148
Choi, M.; Rolle, S.; Rane, M.; Haller, H.; Luft, F.C.; Kettritz, R. 2003: Extracellular signal-regulated kinase inhibition by statins inhibits neutrophil activation by ANCA. Kidney International 63(1): 96-106
Esnault, S.ép.; Malter, J.S. 2002: Extracellular signal-regulated kinase mediates granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor messenger RNA stabilization in tumor necrosis factor-alpha plus fibronectin-activated peripheral blood eosinophils. Blood 99(11): 4048-4052
Houle, F.ço.; Rousseau, S.; Morrice, N.; Luc, M.; Mongrain, S.éb.; Turner, C.E.; Tanaka, S.; Moreau, P.; Huot, J. 2003: Extracellular signal-regulated kinase mediates phosphorylation of tropomyosin-1 to promote cytoskeleton remodeling in response to oxidative stress: impact on membrane blebbing. Molecular Biology of the Cell 14(4): 1418-1432
Ishizuka, S.; Yano, T.; Hagiwara, K.; Sone, M.; Nihei, H.; Ozasa, H.; Horikawa, S. 1999: Extracellular signal-regulated kinase mediates renal regeneration in rats with myoglobinuric acute renal injury. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 254(1): 88-92
Isono, M.; Cruz, M.C.I.-D.L.; Chen, S.; Hong, S.W.; Ziyadeh, F.N. 2000: Extracellular signal-regulated kinase mediates stimulation of TGF-beta1 and matrix by high glucose in mesangial cells. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: Jasn 11(12): 2222-2230
Samain, E.; Bouillier, H.; Miserey, S.; Perret, C.; Renaud, J.F.; Safar, M.; Dagher, G. 2000: Extracellular signal-regulated kinase pathway is involved in basic fibroblast growth factor effect on angiotensin II-induced Ca(2+) transient in vascular smooth muscle cell from Wistar-Kyoto and spontaneously hypertensive rats. Hypertension 35(1 Part 1): 61-67
Díaz-Rodríguez, E.; Montero, J.Carlos.; Esparís-Ogando, A.; Yuste, L.; Pandiella, A. 2002: Extracellular signal-regulated kinase phosphorylates tumor necrosis factor alpha-converting enzyme at threonine 735: a potential role in regulated shedding. Molecular Biology of the Cell 13(6): 2031-2044
Yue, T.L.; Gu, J.L.; Wang, C.; Reith, A.D.; Lee, J.C.; Mirabile, R.C.; Kreutz, R.; Wang, Y.; Maleeff, B.; Parsons, A.A.; Ohlstein, E.H. 2000: Extracellular signal-regulated kinase plays an essential role in hypertrophic agonists, endothelin-1 and phenylephrine-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. Journal of Biological Chemistry 275(48): 37895-37901
Warmka, J.K.; Winston, S.E.; Zeliadt, N.A.; Wattenberg, E.V. 2002: Extracellular signal-regulated kinase transmits palytoxin-stimulated signals leading to altered gene expression in mouse keratinocytes. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 185(1): 8-17
Andoh, A.; Shimada, M.; Bamba, S.; Okuno, T.; Araki, Y.; Fujiyama, Y.; Bamba, T. 2002: Extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 and 2 participate in interleukin-17 plus tumor necrosis factor-alpha-induced stabilization of interleukin-6 mRNA in human pancreatic myofibroblasts. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1591(1-3): 69-74
Gioia, M.; Galbiati, S.; Rigamonti, L.; Moscheni, C.; Gagliano, N. 2001: Extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 and 2 phosphorylated neurons in the tele- and diencephalon of rat after visceral pain stimulation: An immunocytochemical study. Neuroscience Letters 308(3): 177-180
Mathov, I.; Plotkin, L.I.; Sgarlata, C.L.; Leoni, J.; Bellido, T. 2001: Extracellular signal-regulated kinases and calcium channels are involved in the proliferative effect of bisphosphonates on osteoblastic cells in vitro. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research 16(11): 2050-2056
Zhao, Y.; Long, W.; Zhang, L.; Longo, L.D. 2003: Extracellular signal-regulated kinases and contractile responses in ovine adult and fetal cerebral arteries. Journal of Physiology 551(Part 2): 691-703
Wu-Wong, J.R.; Chiou, W.J.; Wang, J. 2000: Extracellular signal-regulated kinases are involved in the antiapoptotic effect of endothelin-1. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 293(2): 514-521
Theilade, J.; Lerche Hansen, J.; Haunsø, S.; Sheikh, Søren.P. 2002: Extracellular signal-regulated kinases control expression of G protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 (GRK2). FEBS Letters 518(1-3): 195-199
Werz, O.; Bürkert, E.; Fischer, L.; Szellas, D.; Dishart, D.; Samuelsson, B.; Rådmark, O.; Steinhilber, D. 2002: Extracellular signal-regulated kinases phosphorylate 5-lipoxygenase and stimulate 5-lipoxygenase product formation in leukocytes. FASEB Journal 16(11): 1441-1443
Xu, Z.; Wang, B-Ren.; Ding, Y-qiang.; Kuang, F.; Wang, X.; Duan, X-Li.; Jiao, X-Ying.; Ju, G. 2002: Extracellular signal-regulated kinases1/2 in neurons of the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus nerve and nucleus of the solitary tract are activated by noxious visceral stimulus in mice. Neuroscience Letters 334(2): 103-106
Kuroki, M.; O'Flaherty, J.T. 1999: Extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK)-dependent and ERK-independent pathways target STAT3 on serine-727 in human neutrophils stimulated by chemotactic factors and cytokines. Biochemical Journal 341: 691-696
Wachtel, M.; Frei, K.; Ehler, E.; Bauer, C.; Gassmann, M.; Gloor, S.M. 2002: Extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase activation during reoxygenation is required to restore ischaemia-induced endothelial barrier failure. Biochemical Journal 367(Part 3): 873-879
Silberbach, M.; Gorenc, T.; Hershberger, R.E.; Stork, P.J.; Steyger, P.S.; Roberts, C.T. 1999: Extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase activation is required for the anti-hypertrophic effect of atrial natriuretic factor in neonatal rat ventricular myocytes. Journal of Biological Chemistry 274(35): 24858-24864
Enarsson, M.; Erlandsson, A.; Larsson, H.; Forsberg-Nilsson, K. 2002: Extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase signaling is uncoupled from initial differentiation of central nervous system stem cells to neurons. Molecular Cancer Research: Mcr 1(2): 147-154
Puig-Kröger, A.; Relloso, M.; Fernández-Capetillo, O.; Zubiaga, A.; Silva, A.; Bernabéu, C.; Corbí, A.L. 2001: Extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase signaling pathway negatively regulates the phenotypic and functional maturation of monocyte-derived human dendritic cells. Blood 98(7): 2175-2182
Kusayanagi, S.; Takeuchi, Y.; Todisco, A.; Mitamura, K. 2002: Extracellular signal-regulated protein kinases mediate H(+),K(+)-ATPase alpha-subunit gene expression. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 290(4): 1289-1294
Barcellos-Hoff, M.H.; Brooks, A.L.; Chatterjee, A.; Brooks, A.L. 2001: Extracellular signaling through the microenvironment: A hypothesis relating carcinogenesis, bystander effects, and genomic instability. Radiation Research 156(5 Pt 2): 618-627
Galan, A.; Cervero, F.; Laird, J.M.A. 2003: Extracellular signaling-regulated kinase-1 and -2 (ERK 1/2) mediate referred hyperalgesia in a murine model of visceral pain. Brain Research. Molecular Brain Research 116(1-2): 126-134
Guillemot, F. 2000: Extracellular signals and transcriptional programs controling neurogenesis. M-S (Medecine Sciences) 16(2): 159-163
Mason, H.A.; Ito, S.; Corfas, G. 2001: Extracellular signals that regulate the tangential migration of olfactory bulb neuronal precursors: inducers, inhibitors, and repellents. Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 21(19): 7654-7663
Aybar, M.J.; Glavic, A.; Mayor, R. 2002: Extracellular signals, cell interactions and transcription factors involved in the induction of the neural crest cells. Biological Research 35(2): 267-275
Chen, Y.; Norkin, L.C. 1999: Extracellular simian virus 40 transmits a signal that promotes virus enclosure within caveolae. Experimental Cell Research 246(1): 83-90
Mullins, F.M.; Stepanovic, S.Z.; Desai, R.R.; George, A.L.; Balser, J.R. 2002: Extracellular sodium interacts with the HERG channel at an outer pore site. Journal of General Physiology 120(4): 517-537
McIntyre, C.C.; Grill, W.M. 2002: Extracellular stimulation of central neurons: influence of stimulus waveform and frequency on neuronal output. Journal of Neurophysiology 88(4): 1592-1604
Fukai, T.; Folz, R.J.; Landmesser, U.; Harrison, D.G. 2002: Extracellular superoxide dismutase and cardiovascular disease. Cardiovascular Research 55(2): 239-249
Yamada, H.; Adachi, T.; Fukatsu, A.; Misao, S.; Yamada, Y.; Aoki, T.; Miura, N.; Sakuma, M.; Nishikawa, K.; Futenma, A.; Kakumu, S. 2002: Extracellular superoxide dismutase and glomerular mesangial cells: Its production and regulation. FEBS Letters 519(1-3): 77-81
Bowler, R.P.; Arcaroli, J.; Crapo, J.D.; Ross, A.; Slot, J.W.; Abraham, E. 2001: Extracellular superoxide dismutase attenuates lung injury after hemorrhage. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 164(2): 290-294
Sentman, M.L.; Brännström, T.; Westerlund, S.; Laukkanen, M.O.; Ylä-Herttuala, S.; Basu, S.; Marklund, S.L. 2001: Extracellular superoxide dismutase deficiency and atherosclerosis in mice. Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 21(9): 1477-1482
Sheng, H.; Brady, T.C.; Pearlstein, R.D.; Crapo, J.D.; Warner, D.S. 1999: Extracellular superoxide dismutase deficiency worsens outcome from focal cerebral ischemia in the mouse. Neuroscience Letters 267(1): 13-16
Fattman, C.L.; Schaefer, L.M.; Oury, T.D. 2003: Extracellular superoxide dismutase in biology and medicine. Free Radical Biology and Medicine 35(3): 236-256
Folz, R.J.; Abushamaa, A.M.; Suliman, H.B. 1999: Extracellular superoxide dismutase in the airways of transgenic mice reduces inflammation and attenuates lung toxicity following hyperoxia. Journal of Clinical Investigation 103(7): 1055-1066
Serra, V.; von Zglinicki, T.; Lorenz, M.; Saretzki, G. 2003: Extracellular superoxide dismutase is a major antioxidant in human fibroblasts and slows telomere shortening. Journal of Biological Chemistry 278(9): 6824-6830
Jung, O.; Marklund, S.L.; Geiger, H.; Pedrazzini, T.; Busse, R.; Brandes, R.P. 2003: Extracellular superoxide dismutase is a major determinant of nitric oxide bioavailability: in vivo and ex vivo evidence from ecSOD-deficient mice. Circulation Research 93(7): 622-629
Pineda, J.A.; Aono, M.; Sheng, H.; Lynch, J.; Wellons, J.C.; Laskowitz, D.T.; Pearlstein, R.D.; Bowler, R.; Crapo, J.; Warner, D.S. 2001: Extracellular superoxide dismutase overexpression improves behavioral outcome from closed head injury in the mouse. Journal of Neurotrauma 18(6): 625-634
Levin, E.D.; Christopher, N.Channelle.; Lateef, S.; Elamir, B.M.; Patel, M.; Liang, L-Ping.; Crapo, J.D. 2002: Extracellular superoxide dismutase overexpression protects against aging-induced cognitive impairment in mice. Behavior Genetics 32(2): 119-125
Ahmed, M.N.; Suliman, H.B.; Folz, R.J.; Nozik-Grayck, E.; Golson, M.L.; Mason, S.N.; Auten, R.L. 2003: Extracellular superoxide dismutase protects lung development in hyperoxia-exposed newborn mice. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 167(3): 400-405
Huycke, M.M.; Moore, D.; Joyce, W.; Wise, P.; Shepard, L.; Kotake, Y.; Gilmore, M.S. 2001: Extracellular superoxide production by Enterococcus faecalis requires demethylmenaquinone and is attenuated by functional terminal quinol oxidases. Molecular Microbiology 42(3): 729-740
Novak, R.; Charpentier, E.; Braun, J.S.; Park, E.; Murti, S.; Tuomanen, E.; Masure, R. 2000: Extracellular targeting of choline-binding proteins in Streptococcus pneumoniae by a zinc metalloprotease. Molecular Microbiology 36(2): 366-376
Jonas, C.R.; Ziegler, T.R.; Gu, L.H.; Jones, D.P. 2002: Extracellular thiol/disulfide redox state affects proliferation rate in a human colon carcinoma (Caco2) cell line. Free Radical Biology and Medicine 33(11): 1499-1506
Mitsuzawa, H.; Wada, I.; Sano, H.; Iwaki, D.; Murakami, S.; Himi, T.; Matsushima, N.; Kuroki, Y. 2001: Extracellular Toll-like receptor 2 region containing Ser40-Ile64 but not Cys30-Ser39 is critical for the recognition of Staphylococcus aureus peptidoglycan. Journal of Biological Chemistry 276(44): 41350-41356
Blum, D.; Torch, S.; Nissou, M.F.; Benabid, A.L.; Verna, J.M. 2000: Extracellular toxicity of 6-hydroxydopamine on PC12 cells. Neuroscience Letters 283(3): 193-196
Lusta, K.A.; Woo, S.Y.; Chung, I.K.; Sul, I.W.; Park, H.S.; Shin, D.I. 1999: Extracellular triacylglycerol lipases secreted by new isolate of filamentous fungus. Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 9(6): 832-838
Prokudina, E.N.; Semenova, N.P.; Chumakov, V.M.; Rudneva, I.A.; Yamnikova, S.S. 2001: Extracellular truncated influenza virus nucleoprotein. Virus Research 77(1): 43-49
Hasselmann, D.O.; Rappl, G.; Tilgen, W.; Reinhold, U. 2001: Extracellular tyrosinase mRNA within apoptotic bodies is protected from degradation in human serum. Clinical Chemistry 47(8): 1488-1489
Majetschak, M.; Krehmeier, U.; Bardenheuer, M.; Denz, C.; Quintel, M.; Voggenreiter, G.; Obertacke, U. 2003: Extracellular ubiquitin inhibits the TNF-alpha response to endotoxin in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and regulates endotoxin hyporesponsiveness in critical illness. Blood 101(5): 1882-1890
Marriott, I.; Inscho, E.W.; Bost, K.L. 1999: Extracellular uridine nucleotides initiate cytokine production by murine dendritic cells. Cellular Immunology 195(2): 147-156
Jatzke, C.; Hernandez, M.; Wollmuth, L.P. 2003: Extracellular vestibule determinants of Ca2+ influx in Ca2+-permeable AMPA receptor channels. Journal of Physiology 549(Part 2): 439-452
Kim, J.; Wang, Z.; Gallagher, D.; Kotler, D.P.; Ma, K.; Heymsfield, S.B. 1999: Extracellular water: sodium bromide dilution estimates compared with other markers in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Jpen. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition 23(2): 61-66
Emanuilova, E.I.; Dimitrov, P.L.; Mandeva, R.D.; Kambourova, M.S.; Engibarov, S.A. 2000: Extracellular xylanase production by two thermophilic alkali-tolerant Bacillus strains in batch and continuous cultures. Zeitschrift für Naturforschung. C Journal of Biosciences 55(1-2): 66-69
Kim, S.; Jung, Y.; Kim, D.; Koh, H.; Chung, J. 2000: Extracellular zinc activates p70 S6 kinase through the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase signaling pathway. Journal of Biological Chemistry 275(34): 25979-25984
Pfeuffer, J.; Tkác, I.; Gruetter, R. 2000: Extracellular-intracellular distribution of glucose and lactate in the rat brain assessed noninvasively by diffusion-weighted 1H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy in vivo. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism: Official Journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism 20(4): 736-746
Flock, J.I. 1999: Extracellular-matrix-binding proteins as targets for the prevention of Staphylococcus aureus infections. Molecular Medicine Today 5(12): 532-537
Claverys, J-Pierre.; Havarstein, L.Sigve. 2002: Extracellular-peptide control of competence for genetic transformation in Streptococcus pneumoniae. Frontiers in Bioscience: a Journal and Virtual Library 7: D1798-D1814
Westmark, C.J.; Malter, J.S. 2001: Extracellular-regulated kinase controls beta-amyloid precursor protein mRNA decay. Brain Research. Molecular Brain Research 90(2): 193-201
Encinas, M.; Iglesias, M.; Llecha, N.; Comella, J.X. 1999: Extracellular-regulated kinases and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase are involved in brain-derived neurotrophic factor-mediated survival and neuritogenesis of the neuroblastoma cell line SH-SY5Y. Journal of Neurochemistry 73(4): 1409-1421
Chaudhary, L.R.; Avioli, L.V. 2000: Extracellular-signal regulated kinase signaling pathway mediates downregulation of type I procollagen gene expression by FGF-2, PDGF-BB, and okadaic acid in osteoblastic cells. Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 76(3): 354-359
Tai, M-Hui.; Zipser, B. 2003: Extracellularly applied horseradish peroxidase increases the number of dense core vesicles in leech sensory neurons. Brain Research 967(1-2): 301-305
Serpente, N.; Marcozzi, C.; Roberts, G.A.; Bao, Q.; Angst, B.D.; Hirst, E.M.; Burdett, I.D.; Buxton, R.S.; Magee, A.I. 2000: Extracellularly truncated desmoglein 1 compromises desmosomes in MDCK cells. Molecular Membrane Biology 17(3): 175-183
Trouet, A.; Passioukov, A.; Van derpoorten, K.; Fernandez, A.M.; Abarca-Quinones, J.; Baurain, R.; Lobl, T.J.; Oliyai, C.; Shochat, D.; Dubois, V. 2001: Extracellularly tumor-activated prodrugs for the selective chemotherapy of cancer: application to doxorubicin and preliminary in vitro and in vivo studies. Cancer Research 61(7): 2843-2846
Sjaastad, O.; Pettersen, H.; Bakketeig, L.S. 2003: Extracephalic jabs/idiopathic stabs. Vågå study of headache epidemiology. Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache 23(1): 50-54
Goebel, H.H. 1999: Extracerebral biopsies in neurodegenerative diseases of childhood. Brain and Development 21(7): 435-443
Krysan, K.V. 2000: Extrachromosomal DNA in eukaryotic cells. Biopolimery i Kletka 16(4): 301-311
Cohen, S.; Yacobi, K.; Segal, D. 2003: Extrachromosomal circular DNA of tandemly repeated genomic sequences in Drosophila. Genome Research 13(6a): 1133-1145
Rudoi, B.A.; Telitsyn, A.M.; Bakulina, L.V.; Evstigneev, V.I. 1998: Extrachromosomal genetic elements of Clostridium botulinum. II. Isolation and analysis of C. botulinum type C and A bacteriophage DNAs. Molekulyarnaya Genetika Mikrobiologiya i Virusologiya 1998(4): 22-28
Kubrakiewicz, J. 2002: Extrachromosomal rDNA amplification in the oocytes of Polystoechotes punctatus (Fabricius) (Insecta-Neuroptera-Polystoechotidae). Arthropod Structure and Development 31(1): 23-31
Matuszewski, B.; Ciechomski, K.; Kloc, M. 1999: Extrachromosomal rDNA and polarity of pro-oocytes during ovary development in Creophilus maxillosus (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae). Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica 37(3): 179-190
Nakai, H.; Yant, S.R.; Storm, T.A.; Fuess, S.; Meuse, L.; Kay, M.A. 2001: Extrachromosomal recombinant adeno-associated virus vector genomes are primarily responsible for stable liver transduction in vivo. Journal of Virology 75(15): 6969-6976
Jung, D.; Bassing, C.H.; Fugmann, S.D.; Cheng, H-Ling.; Schatz, D.G.; Alt, F.W. 2003: Extrachromosomal recombination substrates recapitulate beyond 12/23 restricted VDJ recombination in nonlymphoid cells. Immunity 18(1): 65-74
Solomon, S.G.; White, A.J.R.; Martin, P.R. 2002: Extraclassical receptive field properties of parvocellular, magnocellular, and koniocellular cells in the primate lateral geniculate nucleus. Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 22(1): 338-349
Santolaya-Forgas, J.; Duval, J.; Prespin, C.; Vengalil, S.; Kushwaha, A.; Wilson, L.; Fortman, J. 1998: Extracoelomic fluid osmometry and electrolyte composition during early gestation in the baboon. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 179(5): 1124-1127
El Saghir, H. 2002: Extracoelomic mini approach for anterior reconstructive surgery of the thoracolumbar area. Neurosurgery 51(5 Suppl): S118-S122
Gluecker, T.M.; Johnson, C.D.; Wilson, L.A.; Maccarty, R.L.; Welch, T.J.; Vanness, D.J.; Ahlquist, D.A. 2003: Extracolonic findings at CT colonography: evaluation of prevalence and cost in a screening population. Gastroenterology 124(4): 911-916
Edwards, J.T.; Wood, C.J.; Mendelson, R.M.; Forbes, G.M. 2001: Extracolonic findings at virtual colonoscopy: Implications for screening programs. American Journal of Gastroenterology 96(10): 3009-3012
Jacobs, A.; Barnard, K.; Fishel, R.; Gradon, J.D. 2001: Extracolonic manifestations of Clostridium difficile infections. Presentation of 2 cases and review of the literature. Medicine 80(2): 88-101
Sturm, E.; Franssen, C.F.M.; Gouw, A.; Staels, B.; Boverhof, R.; De Knegt, R.J.; Stellaard, F.; Bijleveld, C.M.A.; Kuipers, F. 2002: Extracorporal albumin dialysis (MARS) improves cholestasis and normalizes low apo A-I levels in a patient with benign recurrent intrahepatic cholestasis (BRIC). Liver 22(Suppl): 72-75
Hammer, D.S.; Rupp, S.; Ensslin, S.; Kohn, D.; Seil, R. 2000: Extracorporal shock wave therapy in patients with tennis elbow and painful heel. Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery 120(5-6): 304-307
Hauck, E.W.; Altinkilic, B.M.; Ludwig, M.; Lüdecke, G.; Schroeder-Printzen, I.; Arens, C.; Weidner, W. 2000: Extracorporal shock wave therapy in the treatment of Peyronie's disease. First results of a case-controlled approach. European Urology 38(6): 663-9;discussion 670
Samigov, N.K. 2002: Extracorporal shock-wave out-patient therapy in entheseopathies. Uzbekiston Tibbiet Zhurnali 4: 73-74
Kammerl, M.C.; Schaefer, R.M.; Schweda, F.; Schreiber, M.; Riegger, G.A.; Krämer, B.K. 2000: Extracorporal therapy with AN69 membranes in combination with ACE inhibition causing severe anaphylactoid reactions: still a current problem?. Clinical Nephrology 53(6): 486-488
Faybik, P.; Hetz, H.; Baker, A.; Bittermann, C.; Berlakovich, G.; Werba, A.; Krenn, C-Georg.; Steltzer, H. 2003: Extracorporeal albumin dialysis in patients with Amanita phalloides poisoning. Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver 23(Suppl): 28-33
Di Paolo, N.; Bocci, V.; Garosi, G.; Borrelli, E.; Bravi, A.; Bruci, A.; Aldinucci, C.; Capotondo, L. 2000: Extracorporeal blood oxygenation and ozonation (EBOO) in man. preliminary report. International Journal of Artificial Organs 23(2): 131-141
Karger, R.; Slonka, J.; Junck, H.; Kretschmer, V. 2003: Extracorporeal blood volume of donors during automated intermittent-flow plasmapheresis and its relevance to the prevention of circulatory reactions. Transfusion 43(8): 1096-1106
Torrente, Y.; D'Angelo, M.G.; Del Bo, R.; DeLiso, A.; Casati, R.; Benti, R.; Corti, S.; Comi, G.P.; Gerundini, P.; Anichini, A.; Scarlato, G.; Bresolin, N. 1999: Extracorporeal circulation as a new experimental pathway for myoblast implantation in mdx mice. Cell Transplantation 8(3): 247-258
Ura, M.; Sakata, R.; Nakayama, Y.; Miyamoto, T.A.; Goto, T. 1999: Extracorporeal circulation before and after ultrasonographic evaluation of the ascending aorta. Annals of Thoracic Surgery 67(2): 478-483
Antonelli, M.; Letizia, C.; Tritapepe, L.; Raponi, G.M.; Ghezzi, M.C.; Menichetti, A.; Ruvolo, G.; Riccioni, L.; Deblasi, R.A. 1999: Extracorporeal circulation does not induce intra-alveolar release of Endothelin 1, but only a modest overproduction in pulmonary circulation. Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 40(4): 487-494
Cox, C.S.; Allen, S.J.; Butler, D.; Sauer, H.; Frederick, J. 2000: Extracorporeal circulation exacerbates microvascular permeability after endotoxemia. Journal of Surgical Research 91(1): 50-55
Grigioni, M.; Carotti, A.; Daniele, C.; D'Avenio, G.; Morbiducci, U.; Iannace, E.; Albanese, S.B.; Costa, D.; Formigari, R.; Ferretti, E.; Di Donato, R.M. 2000: Extracorporeal circulation in ewe's foetus: towards a reliable foetal cardiac surgery protocol. A comparison of two cases. International Journal of Artificial Organs 23(3): 189-198
Mitzner, S.R.; Stange, J.; Klammt, S.; Peszynski, P.; Schmidt, R.; Nöldge-Schomburg, G. 2001: Extracorporeal detoxification using the molecular adsorbent recirculating system for critically ill patients with liver failure. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: Jasn 12(Suppl 17): S75-S82
Picca, S.; Dionisi-Vici, C.; Abeni, D.; Pastore, A.; Rizzo, C.; Orzalesi, M.; Sabetta, G.; Rizzoni, G.; Bartuli, A. 2001: Extracorporeal dialysis in neonatal hyperammonemia: modalities and prognostic indicators. Pediatric Nephrology 16(11): 862-867
Aikoh, H.; Tagawa, T.; Shibahara, T. 2002: Extracorporeal excretion of the mercury from organs by sulfur-bridged complex. Physiological Chemistry and Physics and Medical Nmr 34(1): 83-90
Richter, W.O.; Schneidewind, J-Marie.; Ramlow, W.; Jahn, P.; Jung, N.; Nielebock, E.; Tachezy, H.; Eulitz, K.; Koll, R.; Klinkmann, J. 2002: Extracorporeal fibrinogen adsorption--efficacy, selectivity and safety in healthy subjects and patients with foot ulcers. Transfusion and Apheresis Science: Official Journal of the World Apheresis Association: Official Journal of the European Society for Haemapheresis 26(1): 15-27
Zhu-Hui [author, Reprint-Author]; Wu-Feng [author, Reprint-Author]; Chen-Wenzhi [author, Reprint-Author]; Et-Al 2003: Extracorporeal high intensity focused ultrasound in the treatment of human breast cancer. Zhongguo Zhongliu Linchuang 30(6): 381-384
Knöbl, P.; Derfler, K. 1999: Extracorporeal immunoadsorption for the treatment of haemophilic patients with inhibitors to factor VIII or IX. Vox Sanguinis 77(Suppl): 57-64
Hong, A.; Stevens, G.; Stalley, P.; Pendlebury, S.; Ahern, V.; Ralston, A.; Estoesta, E.; Barrett, I. 2001: Extracorporeal irradiation for malignant bone tumors. International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics 50(2): 441-447
Manning, M.A.; Cardinale, R.M.; Schmidt-Ullrich, R.K.; Kavanagh, B.D.; Wornom, I.L.; Broaddus, W.C. 2000: Extracorporeal irradiation of tumorous calvaria. Case report. Journal of Neurosurgery 93(3): 494-497
Ralston, A.; Estoesta, E.; Stevens, G.; Hong, A. 2001: Extracorporeal irradiation--novel use of a blood product irradiator. Australasian Physical and Engineering Sciences in Medicine 24(2): 59-62
Marx, M.; Salzer-Muhar, U.; Wimmer, M. 1999: Extracorporeal life support in pediatric patients with heart failure. Artificial Organs 23(11): 1001-1005
Michaels, A.J.; Schriener, R.J.; Kolla, S.; Awad, S.S.; Rich, P.B.; Reickert, C.; Younger, J.; Hirschl, R.B.; Bartlett, R.H. 1999: Extracorporeal life support in pulmonary failure after trauma. Journal of Trauma 46(4): 638-645
Pagani, F.D.; Lynch, W.; Swaniker, F.; Dyke, D.B.; Bartlett, R.; Koelling, T.; Moscucci, M.; Deeb, G.M.; Bolling, S.; Monaghan, H.; Aaronson, K.D. 1999: Extracorporeal life support to left ventricular assist device bridge to heart transplant: A strategy to optimize survival and resource utilization. Circulation 100(19): II206-II210
Horn, N.; Unger, J.; Rossaint, R. 1999: Extracorporeal liver assist devices in acute liver failure. Der Anaesthesist 48(6): 387-394
Pascher, A.; Sauer, I.M.; Hammer, C.; Gerlach, J.C.; Neuhaus, P. 2002: Extracorporeal liver perfusion as hepatic assist in acute liver failure: A review of world experience. Xenotransplantation 9(5): 309-324
Abouna, G.M.; Ganguly, P.K.; Hamdy, H.M.; Jabur, S.S.; Tweed, W.A.; Costa, G. 1999: Extracorporeal liver perfusion system for successful hepatic support pending liver regeneration or liver transplantation: a pre-clinical controlled trial. Transplantation 67(12): 1576-1583
Horslen, S.P.; Hammel, J.M.; Fristoe, L.W.; Kangas, J.A.; Collier, D.S.; Sudan, D.L.; Langnas, A.N.; Dixon, R.S.; Prentice, E.D.; Shaw, B.W.; Fox, I.J. 2000: Extracorporeal liver perfusion using human and pig livers for acute liver failure. Transplantation 70(10): 1472-1478
Klammt, S.; Stange, J.; Mitzner, S.R.; Peszynski, P.; Peters, E.; Liebe, S. 2002: Extracorporeal liver support by recirculating albumin dialysis: Analysing the effect of the first clinically used generation of the MARSystem. Liver 22(Suppl): 30-34
Gerlach, J.C.; Zeilinger, K.; Sauer, I.M.; Mieder, T.; Naumann, G.; Grünwald, A.; Pless, G.; Holland, G.; Mas, A.; Vienken, J.; Neuhaus, P. 2002: Extracorporeal liver support: porcine or human cell based systems?. International Journal of Artificial Organs 25(10): 1013-1018
Galloway, N.T.; El-Galley, R.E.; Sand, P.K.; Appell, R.A.; Russell, H.W.; Carlan, S.J. 1999: Extracorporeal magnetic innervation therapy for stress urinary incontinence. Urology 53(6): 1108-1111
Kihara, S'ichiro.; Kawai, A.; Endo, M.; Koyanagi, H.; Kurosawa, H. 2002: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and left ventricular assist device: A case of double mechanical bridge. Heart and Vessels 16(4): 164-166
Taferner, R.; Golej, J.; Marx, M.; Trittenwein, G. 1999: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation discontinuation despite technically successful reoperation: A case report. Artificial Organs 23(11): 1041-1043
Hopper, A.O.; Pageau, J.; Job, L.; Heart, J.; Deming, D.D.; Peverini, R.L. 1999: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for perioperative support in neonatal and pediatric cardiac transplantation. Artificial Organs 23(11): 1006-1009
Nielsen, J.C.; Seiden, H.S.; Nguyen, K.; Vlahakis, S.A.; Ravishankar, C. 2002: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for pneumonitis after a Glenn palliation. Perfusion 17(6): 457-458
Matsumoto, T.; Ueki, K.; Tamura, S.; Ideura, H.; Tsukada, Y.; Maezawa, A.; Nojima, Y.; Naruse, T. 2000: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for the management of respiratory failure due to ANCA-associated vasculitis. Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology 29(3): 195-197
King, P.T.; Rosalion, A.; Mcmillan, J.; Buist, M.; Holmes, P.W. 2000: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in pregnancy. Lancet 356(9223): 45-46
Motomura, T.; Maeda, T.; Kawahito, S.; Matsui, T.; Ichikawa, S.; Ishitoya, H.; Kawamura, M.; Nishimura, I.; Shinohara, T.; Oestmann, D.; Glueck, J.; Kawaguchi, Y.; Sato, K.; Nosé, Y. 2002: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenator compatible with centrifugal blood pumps. Artificial Organs 26(11): 952-958
Richter, O.; Wardelmann, E.; Dombrowski, F.; Schneider, C.; Kiel, R.; Wilhelm, K.; Schmolling, J.; Kupka, M.; van der Ven, H.; Krebs, D. 2000: Extracorporeal perfusion of the human uterus as an experimental model in gynaecology and reproductive medicine. Human Reproduction 15(6): 1235-1240
Knobler, R.; Jantschitsch, C. 2003: Extracorporeal photochemoimmunotherapy in cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. Transfusion and Apheresis Science: Official Journal of the World Apheresis Association: Official Journal of the European Society for Haemapheresis 28(1): 81-89
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Suchin, K.R.; Cassin, M.; Washko, R.; Nahass, G.; Berkson, M.; Stouch, B.; Vowels, B.R.; Rook, A.H. 1999: Extracorporeal photochemotherapy does not suppress T- or B-cell responses to novel or recall antigens. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 41(6): 980-986
Schoch, O.D.; Boehler, A.; Speich, R.; Nestle, F.O. 1999: Extracorporeal photochemotherapy for Epstein-Barr virus-associated lymphoma after lung transplantation. Transplantation 68(7): 1056-1058
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Besnier, D.P.; Chabannes, D.; Mussini, J-M.G.; Dupas, B.; Esnault, V.L.M. 2002: Extracorporeal photochemotherapy for secondary chronic progressive multiple sclerosis: A pilot study. Photodermatology Photoimmunology and Photomedicine 18(1): 36-41
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Reinisch, W.; Nahavandi, H.; Santella, R.; Zhang, Y.; Gasché, C.; Moser, G.; Waldhör, T.; Gangl, A.; Vogelsang, H.; Knobler, R. 2001: Extracorporeal photochemotherapy in patients with steroid-dependent Crohn's disease: A prospective pilot study. Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics 15(9): 1313-1322
Greinix, H.T.; Volc-Platzer, B.; Kalhs, P.; Fischer, G.; Rosenmayr, A.; Keil, F.; Hönigsmann, H.; Knobler, R.M. 2000: Extracorporeal photochemotherapy in the treatment of severe steroid-refractory acute graft-versus-host disease: a pilot study. Blood 96(7): 2426-2431
Cavaletti, G.; Perseghin, P.; Dassi, M.; Oggioni, N.; Sala, F.; Lolli, F.; Riccio, P.; Tredici, G.; Frattola, L. 2001: Extracorporeal photochemotherapy reduces the incidence of relapses in experimental allergic encephalomyelitis in DA rats. Journal of Neurology 248(6): 535-536
Dall'amico, R.; Murer, L. 2002: Extracorporeal photochemotherapy: A new therapeutic approach for allograft rejection. Transfusion and Apheresis Science: Official Journal of the World Apheresis Association: Official Journal of the European Society for Haemapheresis 26(3): 197-204
Knobler, E.; Warmuth, I.; Cocco, C.; Miller, B.; Mackay, J. 2002: Extracorporeal photochemotherapy--the Columbia Presbyterian experience. Photodermatology Photoimmunology and Photomedicine 18(5): 232-237
O'Brien, C.B.; Henzel, B.S.; Moonka, D.K.; Inverso, J.; Rook, A. 1999: Extracorporeal photopheresis alone and with interferon-alpha2a in chronic hepatitis C patients who failed previous interferon therapy. Digestive Diseases and Sciences 44(5): 1020-1026
D'incan, M.; Kanold, J.; Halle, P.; De Lumley, L.; Souteyrand, P.; Deméocq, F. 2000: Extracorporeal photopheresis as an alternative therapy for drug-resistant graft versus host disease: three cases. Annales de Dermatologie et de Venereologie 127(2): 166-170
Evans, A.V.; Wood, B.P.; Scarisbrick, J.J.; Fraser-Andrews, E.A.; Chinn, S.; Dean, A.; Watkins, P.; Whittaker, S.J.; Russell-Jones, R. 2001: Extracorporeal photopheresis in Sézary syndrome: hematologic parameters as predictors of response. Blood 98(5): 1298-1301
Bladon, J.; Taylor, P.C. 2002: Extracorporeal photopheresis in cutaneous T-cell lymphoma and graft-versus-host disease induces both immediate and progressive apoptotic processes. British Journal of Dermatology 146(1): 59-68
Russell-Jones, R. 2000: Extracorporeal photopheresis in cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. Inconsistent data underline the need for randomized studies. British Journal of Dermatology 142(1): 16-21
Graefe, C.; Luderschmidt, C.; Von Arnim, T. 1999: Extracorporeal photopheresis in treating progressive systemic scleroderma: A new therapeutic approach. Aktuelle Rheumatologie 24(1): 7-17
Bladon, J.; Taylor, P.C. 1999: Extracorporeal photopheresis induces apoptosis in the lymphocytes of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma and graft-versus-host disease patients. British Journal of Haematology 107(4): 707-711
Schooneman, F. 2003: Extracorporeal photopheresis technical aspects. Transfusion and Apheresis Science: Official Journal of the World Apheresis Association: Official Journal of the European Society for Haemapheresis 28(1): 51-61
Virgili, G.; Mearini, E.; Micali, S.; Miano, R.; Vespasiani, G.; Porena, M. 1999: Extracorporeal piezoelectric shockwave lithotripsy of ureteral stones: are second-generation lithotripters obsolete?. Journal of Endourology 13(8): 543-547
Kleinekofort, W.; Kraemer, M.; Rode, C.; Wizemann, V. 2002: Extracorporeal pressure monitoring and the detection of vascular access stenosis. International Journal of Artificial Organs 25(1): 45-50
Matic, G.; Schütt, W.; Winkler, R.E.; Tiess, M.; Ramlow, W. 2000: Extracorporeal removal of circulating immune complexes: from non-selective to patient-specific. Blood Purification 18(2): 156-160
Dharnidharka, V.R.; Fennell, R.S.; Richard, G.A. 2002: Extracorporeal removal of toxic valproic acid levels in children. Pediatric Nephrology 17(5): 312-315
Berrouschot, J.; Barthel, H.; Köster, J.; Hesse, S.; Rössler, A.; Knapp, W.H.; Schneider, D. 1999: Extracorporeal rheopheresis in the treatment of acute ischemic stroke: A randomized pilot study. Stroke 30(4): 787-792
Arpesella, G.; Lombardi, P.; Albanese, S.B.; Mikus, P.M.; Marinelli, G.; Pierangeli, A. 1999: Extracorporeal right to left atrial bypass to treat right ventricular failure. Annals of Thoracic Surgery 67(1): 246-248
Maier, M.; Steinborn, M.; Schmitz, C.; Stäbler, A.; Köhler, S.; Pfahler, M.; Dürr, H.R.; Refior, H.J. 2000: Extracorporeal shock wave application for chronic plantar fasciitis associated with heel spurs: prediction of outcome by magnetic resonance imaging. Journal of Rheumatology 27(10): 2455-2462
Al-Awadi, K.; Abdulhaleem, H.; Al-Tawheed, A.; Kehinde, E.0. 1999: Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy as monotherapy for staghorn calculi--is reduced renal function a relative contraindication?. Scandinavian Journal of Urology and Nephrology 33(5): 291-3; discussion 294
Ragheb, S.; Choong, C.K.; Gowland, S.; Bagshaw, P.F.; Frizelle, F.A. 2000: Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy for difficult common bile duct stones: initial New Zealand experience. New Zealand Medical Journal 113(1117): 377-378
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Brinkmann, O.A.; Griehl, A.; Kuwertz-Bröking, E.; Bulla, M.; Hertle, L. 2001: Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy in children. Efficacy, complications and long-term follow-up. European Urology 39(5): 591-597
Elsobky, E.; Sheir, K.Z.; Madbouly, K.; Mokhtar, A.A. 2000: Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy in children: Experience using two second-generation lithotripters. BJU International 86(7): 851-856
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