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Extra-continental morphological affinities of Palli Aike, southern Chile

Extra-continental morphological affinities of Palli Aike, southern Chile

Interciencia 24(4): 258-263

ISSN/ISBN: 0378-1844

Morphological comparative studies conducted over the last ten years have demonstrated that the first Americans cannot be described as Mongoloids. In fact the cranial morphology of the Paleoindian skeletons show a clear tendency to cluster with Australians and Africans instead of with Asians and modern Amerindians in different multivariate analyses. This has been demonstrated for both South and North America. Regarding South America, most of the studies conducted up to the present have concentrated on skeletal remains from central Brazil, a tropical area. In this paper, we add to the current research on Paleoindian morphology by analyzing an individual of late Paleoindian age from the site of Palli Aike, Tierra del Fuego, an area of South America characterized by very low temperatures. The results show that the early Fuegians also did not present any morphological affinity with Mongoloids. Similar to the Paleoindian skeletons from Central Brazil and Sabana de Bogota, in Colombia, the Palli Aike specimen shows a marked affinity with Africans and Australians.

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Accession: 010647165

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