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Female-offspring communication in a Taiwanese tree frog, Chirixalus eiffingeri (Anura: Rhacophoridae)



Female-offspring communication in a Taiwanese tree frog, Chirixalus eiffingeri (Anura: Rhacophoridae)



Animal Behaviour 64(6): 881-886



We assessed the roles of visual and olfactory cues in female-tadpole communication in Chirixalus eiffingeri. The mean cumulative time that at least one tadpole was active or begged for food was significantly longer when a female C. eiffingeri was present than when a plastic frog was introduced and when no frog was present. Tadpoles did not respond visually to a female frog physically separated from them by transparent Plexiglas. However, tadpoles were more active in water conditioned by female frogs than in unconditioned water. Tadpole activity was further elevated by water conditioned by a female frog and tadpoles. Tadpoles were more active in water conditioned by male frogs than in unconditioned water, but water conditioned by a male frog and tadpoles did not further elevate tadpole activity. Thus, water conditioned by adults of either sex contains substances that increase tadpole activity, but only females show a synergistic effect with conditioning by tadpoles.

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Accession: 010661114

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DOI: 10.1006/anbe.2002.2004


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