Five novel and four recurrent point mutations in the antithrombin gene causing venous thrombosis

Nagaizumi, K.; Inaba, H.; Amano, K.; Suzuki, M.; Arai, M.; Fukutake, K.

International Journal of Hematology 78(1): 79-83

2003


ISSN/ISBN: 0925-5710
PMID: 12894857
DOI: 10.1007/bf02983246
Accession: 010668880

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Abstract
We analyzed the antithrombin (AT) gene in 9 unrelated Japanese patients with thrombotic disease. All 7 exons, the splice junctions, and the 5'-flanking region of the AT gene were amplified by polymerase chain reaction and sequenced directly. Nine different point mutations, all in the heterozygous state, were identified. Five novel (M-32T, M89K, L146H, Q159X, and L409P) and 2 previously reported (R132X and R359X) point mutations were identified in patients with type 1 deficiency. Two different missense mutations, R393C and R393H, located in the protease reactive site were detected in patients with type 2 deficiency. No other sequence abnormalities in the AT gene were detected by direct sequencing. None of the mutations was present in 100 alleles from 50 unrelated Japanese control subjects. Although type 1 deficiency was diagnosed in patient 7 on the basis of approximately 50% AT antigen and activity levels, the data indicated that the novel L409P mutation is a type 2 pleiotropic effects (PE) deficiency because its location in the C-terminal portion of the reactive site is similar to the locations of reported PE type mutations, and it is highly conserved among other serpins.

Five novel and four recurrent point mutations in the antithrombin gene causing venous thrombosis