Functional early endosomes are required for maturation of major histocompatibility complex class II molecules in human B lymphoblastoid cells
Pond, L.; Watts, C.
Journal of Biological Chemistry 274(25): 18049-18054
Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II molecules are targeted together with their invariant chain (Ii) chaperone from the secretory pathway to the endocytic pathway. Within the endosome/lysosome system, Ii must be degraded to enable peptide capture by MHC class II molecules. It remains controversial exactly which route or routes MHC class II/Ii complexes take to reach the sites of Ii processing and peptide loading. We have asked whether early endosomes are required for successful maturation of MHC class II molecules by using an in situ peroxidase/diaminobenzidine compartment ablation technique. Cells whose early endosomes were selectively ablated using transferrin-horseradish peroxidase conjugates fail to mature their newly synthesized MHC class II molecules. We show that whereas transport of secretory Ig through the secretory pathway is virtually normal in the ablated cells, newly synthesized MHC class II/Ii complexes never reach compartments capable of processing Ii. These results strongly suggest that the transport of the bulk of newly synthesized MHC class II molecules through early endosomes is obligatory and that direct input into later endosomes/lysosomes does not take place.