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Glycoprotein Ib-V-IX, a receptor for von Willebrand factor, couples physically and functionally to the Fc receptor gamma-chain, Fyn, and Lyn to activate human platelets

Falati, S.; Edmead, C.E.; Poole, A.W.

Blood 94(5): 1648-1656

1999


ISSN/ISBN: 0006-4971
PMID: 10477689
DOI: 10.1182/blood.v94.5.1648
Accession: 010721401

The adhesion molecule von Willebrand factor (vWF) activates platelets upon binding 2 surface receptors, glycoprotein (GP) Ib-V-IX and integrin alpha(IIb)beta(3). We have used 2 approaches to selectively activate GP Ib using either the snake venom lectin alboaggregin-A or mutant recombinant forms of vWF (triangle upA1-vWF and RGGS-vWF) with selective binding properties to its 2 receptors. We show that activation of GP Ib induces platelet aggregation, secretion of 5-hydroxy tryptamine (5-HT), and an increase in cytosolic calcium. Syk becomes tyrosine phosphorylated and activated downstream of GP Ib, and associates with several tyrosine-phosphorylated proteins including the Fc receptor gamma-chain through interaction with Syk SH2 domains. GP Ib physically associates with the gamma-chain in GST-Syk-SH2 precipitates from platelets stimulated through GP Ib, and 2 Src family kinases, Lyn and Fyn, also associate with this signaling complex. In addition, GP Ib stimulation couples to tyrosine phosphorylation of phospholipase Cgamma2. The Src family-specific inhibitor PP1 dose-dependently inhibits phosphorylation of Syk, its association with tyrosine-phosphorylated gamma-chain, phosphorylation of PLCgamma2, platelet aggregation, and 5-HT release. The results indicate that, upon activation, GP Ib is physically associated with FcR gamma-chain and members of the Src family kinases, leading to phosphorylation of the gamma-chain, recruitment, and activation of Syk. Phosphorylation of PLCgamma2 also lies downstream of Src kinase activation and may critically couple early signaling events to functional platelet responses.

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