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GroEL protects the sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(++)-dependent ATPase from inactivation in vitro



GroEL protects the sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(++)-dependent ATPase from inactivation in vitro



Biochemistry and Molecular Biology International 47(4): 631-638



The molecular chaperone, GroEL, facilitates correct protein folding and inhibits protein aggregation. The function of GroEL is often, though not invariably, dependent on the co-chaperone, GroES, and ATP. In this study it is shown that GroEL alone substantially reduces the inactivation of purified Ca(++)-ATPase from rabbit skeletal muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum. In the absence of GroEL, the enzyme became completely inactive in about 45-60 hours when kept at 25 degrees C, while in the presence of an equimolar amount of GroEL, the enzyme remained approximately 80% active even after 75 hours. Equimolar amounts of BSA or lysozyme were unable to protect the enzyme from inactivation under identical conditions. Analysis by SDS-PAGE showed GroEL was acting by blocking the aggregation of ATPase at 25 degrees C. GroEL was not as effective in protection at -20 degrees C or 4 degrees C. These results are discussed in the context of current models of the GroEL mechanism.

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Accession: 010724730

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PMID: 10319415


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