Heterogeneous distribution of beta-adrenoceptors and muscarinic receptors in the sinoatrial node and right atrium of the dog

Kurogouchi, F.; Nakane, T.; Furukawa, Y.; Hirose, M.; Inada, Y.; Chiba, S.

Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology 29(8): 666-672

2002


ISSN/ISBN: 0305-1870
PMID: 12099997
DOI: 10.1046/j.1440-1681.2002.03714.x
Accession: 010747069

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Abstract
1. The pacemaker site is known to shift away from the sinoatrial (SA) node in response to autonomic stimuli. 2. To test whether the shifting of the impulse-initiation site that occurs during autonomic nerve stimulation can be explained by the spatial distributions of beta-adrenoceptor and muscarinic receptors, we obtained densities (B(max)) and dissociation constants (K((d)) for these receptors in three regions along the sulcus terminalis (the SA node itself and regions superior and inferior to it) and a region of the right atrial appendage in the dog. 3. The Bmax values for [(125)I]-iodocyanopindolol binding to beta-adrenoceptors were not different among the four regions. The Bmax value for [(3)H]-quinuclidinyl benzilate binding to muscarinic receptors was significantly higher in the SA node area than in any other region (P < 0.01), although there was no difference among the other three regions. 4. For each receptor, K(d) values were similar among the four regions. 5. These results suggest that spatial variations in the densities of beta-adrenoceptors and muscarinic receptors are not important for shifting the impulse-initiation site and that other factors, such as non-uniform innervation by autonomic nerve fibres, may be mainly responsible for the pacemaker shift induced by autonomic nerve stimulation.