Section 11
Chapter 10,751

High production of interferon gamma but not interleukin-2 by human T-lymphotropic virus type I-infected peripheral blood mononuclear cells

Hanon, E.; Goon, P.; Taylor, G.P.; Hasegawa, H.; Tanaka, Y.; Weber, J.N.; Bangham, C.R.

Blood 98(3): 721-726


ISSN/ISBN: 0006-4971
PMID: 11468172
DOI: 10.1182/blood.v98.3.721
Accession: 010750862

Download citation:  

The transactivator protein of human T-lymphotropic virus I (HTLV-I), Tax, has been associated with the up-regulation of several host cell genes, including interleukin 2 (IL-2), the IL-2 receptor-alpha (IL-2Ralpha) chain (CD25), interferon gamma (IFN-gamma), and tumor necrosis factor (TNF). It has been proposed that an IL-2/CD25 autocrine loop plays a part in maintaining the very high proviral loads often found in HTLV-I infection. Furthermore, abnormal production of inflammatory cytokines might contribute to the pathogenesis of the inflammatory diseases associated with HTLV-I infection. However, there has been no study of the expression of these genes in freshly isolated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) naturally infected with HTLV-I. In the present study, flow cytometry was used to determine which cytokines are produced by freshly isolated PBMCs that spontaneously express the HTLV-I Tax protein. Surprisingly, the results show that intracellular Tax expression is associated with rapid up-regulation of IFN-gamma but not TNF or IL-2. A proportion of HTLV-I-infected cells express both IFN-gamma and the surface markers of effector memory cells. Such cells are capable of migration through peripheral tissues and could therefore contribute to the inflammation seen in diseases such as HTLV-I-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis. (Blood. 2001;98:721-726)

PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90