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High-fidelity transmission acquired via a developmental decrease in NMDA receptor expression at an auditory synapse



High-fidelity transmission acquired via a developmental decrease in NMDA receptor expression at an auditory synapse



Journal of Neuroscience 21(10): 3342-3349



Central auditory relay synapses in mature animals follow high-frequency inputs for computation of sound localization. In immature mice, however, transmission at the calyx of Held synapse in auditory brainstem was inaccurate for high-frequency inputs because the summed slow synaptic potential components caused aberrant firings or blocked action potentials. As the mice matured, synaptic potentials became shorter, with smaller and faster NMDA receptor components, thereby establishing the precise one-to-one transmission for high-frequency inputs. Developmental acquisition of this high-fidelity transmission could be mimicked experimentally in immature mice by blocking NMDA receptors with D(-)2-amino-5-phosphonovaleric acid (D-APV). Furthermore, bilateral cochlear ablations at postnatal day 7 (P7) attenuated the developmental decrease of NMDA receptor expression and prevented the acquisition of high-fidelity transmission. We suggest that auditory activity, which begins at P10-P12 in mice, downregulates the expression of postsynaptic NMDA receptors, thereby contributing to the establishment of high-fidelity synaptic transmission.

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Accession: 010752252

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PMID: 11331363


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