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Histamine-induced relaxation in pulmonary artery of normotensive and hypertensive rats: relative contribution of prostanoids, nitric oxide and hyperpolarization

Histamine-induced relaxation in pulmonary artery of normotensive and hypertensive rats: relative contribution of prostanoids, nitric oxide and hyperpolarization

Physiological Research 49(1): 107-114

The aim of this study was to determine the relative contribution of nitric oxide (NO), endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF) and prostanoids in histamine-induced relaxation of isolated pulmonary artery from normotensive and hypertensive rats. The hypertension was induced by oral administration of NO synthase inhibitor N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methylester (L-NAME, 50 mg/kg/day) to normotensive rats for 8 weeks. In phenylephrine-precontracted arterial rings the histamine-induced relaxation was significantly reduced in L-NAME-treated rats compared to the controls. Indomethacin (cyclooxygenase inhibitor) and glibenclamide (ATP-sensitive K+-channel blocker) did not inhibit the relaxation response in either control or hypertensive rats. On the other hand, tetraethylammonium (TEA), a K+-channel blocker with a broad specificity, significantly reduced histamine-induced relaxation in the pulmonary artery from both groups examined. The TEA-resistant relaxation was completely abolished by additional administration of L-NAME to the incubation medium. The results indicate that histamine-induced relaxation of the pulmonary artery in both normotensive and hypertensive rats is mediated mainly by nitric oxide, whereas EDHF seems to play a minor role.

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Accession: 010755583

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PMID: 10805411

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