+ Site Statistics
References:
54,258,434
Abstracts:
29,560,870
PMIDs:
28,072,757
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Histological studies of bone formation during pedicle restoration and early antler regeneration in roe deer and fallow deer



Histological studies of bone formation during pedicle restoration and early antler regeneration in roe deer and fallow deer



Anatomical Record. Part A, Discoveries in Molecular, Cellular, and Evolutionary Biology 273(2): 741-751



The purpose of the present study was to examine the process of bone formation in the regenerating cranial appendages of roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) and fallow deer (Dama dama) during the early postcasting period. After the antlers are cast, osteoclastic and osteoblastic activities lead to a smoothing of the pedicle's separation surface, a strengthening of the pedicle bone, and a partial restoration of the distal pedicle portion that was lost along with the cast antler. Initially, bone formation occurs by intramembranous ossification, but early during the regeneration process cartilage is formed at the tips of the cranial appendages, and is subsequently replaced by bone in a process of endochodral ossification. Shortly after the antlers are cast, the cambium layer of the periosteum in the distal pedicle is markedly enlarged, which suggests that the periosteum serves as a cell source for the bone-forming tissue covering the exposed pedicle bone. The histological findings of our study are consistent with the view that the bony component of the regenerating cranial appendages of deer is largely derived from the pedicle periosteum. Based on findings in other bone systems, we speculate that stem cells that can undergo both osteogenic and chondrogenic differentiation are present in the pedicle periosteum. The early onset of chondrogenesis in the regeneration process is regarded as an adaptation to the necessity of producing a huge volume of bone within a short period. This parallels the situation in other cases of chondrogenesis in membrane bones.

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 010756448

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 12845710

DOI: 10.1002/ar.a.10082


Related references

Histological studies of pedicle skin formation and its transformation to antler velvet in red deer. Anatomical Record 260(1): 62-71, September 1, 2000

Pedicle and first antler formation in deer: Anatomical, histological, and developmental aspects. Zeitschrift fuer Jagdwissenschaft 48(1): 22-34, 2002

Electron microscopic studies of antlerogenic cells from five developmental stages during pedicle and early antler formation in red deer. Anatomical Record 252(4): 587-599, 1998

Innervation and anesthesia of the antler pedicle in wapiti and fallow deer. Canadian Veterinary Journal 37(8): 486-489, 1996

Hard fallow deer antler: A living bone till antler casting?. Anatomical Record 255(1): 69-77, May 1, 1999

Light microscopic studies of pedicle and early first antler development in red deer (Cervus elaphus). Anatomical Record 239(2): 198-215, 1994

Tetraplex real-time PCR assay for the simultaneous identification and quantification of roe deer, red deer, fallow deer and sika deer for deer meat authentication. Food Chemistry 269: 486-494, 2018

Fallow deer. The interpretation of antler formation. New Zealand Wildl, 54: 37-41,43,45-46, 1977

Biochemical and histological study of the ossification in the early developing pedicle of the fallow deer (Dama dama). Cell and Tissue Research 277(1): 123-129, 1994

Pedicle and antler regeneration following antlerogenic tissue removal in red deer (Cervus elaphus). Journal of Experimental Zoology 269(1): 37-44, 1994

Tests on the digestive system of roe deer fallow deer and mouflon part 2 crude nutritive substances in the rumen content of roe deer fallow deer and mouflon. Zeitschrift fuer Jagdwissenschaft 23(1): 6-11, 1977

Experiments on the digestive tract of roe deer fallow deer and mouflon part 4 fermentation products in the rumen of roe deer fallow deer and mouflon. Zeitschrift fuer Jagdwissenschaft 23(3): 126-131, 1977

Serological studies of red deer, roe deer, fallow deer and moufflon for antibodies against bovine diarrhoea virus/mucosal disease. Monatshefte fur Veterinarmedizin 43(2): 63-65, 1988

Studies in environmental contaminants in wild boars, red deer, roe deer, mouflon, and fallow deer from the Schorfheide-Chorin biosphere reservation. Archiv fur Lebensmittelhygiene 43(6): 131-136, 1992

Duplex real-time PCR assay for the simultaneous determination of the roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) and deer (sum of fallow deer, red deer and sika deer) content in game meat products. Food Control 57: 370-376, 2015