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Identification of novel polyphenol oxidase inhibitors by enzymatic one-pot synthesis and deconvolution of combinatorial libraries

Identification of novel polyphenol oxidase inhibitors by enzymatic one-pot synthesis and deconvolution of combinatorial libraries

Biotechnology & Bioengineering 75(1): 93-99

The feasibility of enzymatic synthesis of combinatorial libraries using multifunctional starting materials (i.e., 2,4-dihydroxy-N-(2-hydroxyethyl)benzamide, 1; 4-hydroxyphenethyl alcohol, 2; 3,5-dihydroxybenzyl alcohol, 3; and 4-hydroxybenzyl alcohol, 4) with six vinyl esters, in a one-pot reaction, was investigated. Candida antarctica lipase was employed as a biocatalyst. The resulting 24-compound library contained all the expected species with no significant bias toward particular combinations of substrates. As expected, the library contained a substance(s) that showed significant inhibition of polyphenol oxidase, which was used as a model target. The deconvolution was accomplished via resynthesis of ten partial libraries, which were prepared with either an equimolar mixture of the four alcohols and a single vinyl ester, or a single alcohol and equimolar mixture of the activated esters. Analysis of the inhibition pattern observed with these partial libraries suggested that 4-hydroxybenzyl benzoate (4e) should be the most potent inhibitor. This conclusion was confirmed by the preparation and comparison of all 24 components of the initial library. Finally, it was shown that 4e was a competitive inhibitor of polyphenol oxidase, with a Ki of 40 muM. This value compared favorably with a Ki of 400 muM, which was determined for parent phenol 4.

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Accession: 010787276

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PMID: 11536131

DOI: 10.1002/bit.1168

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