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Identification of the guanylyltransferase region and active site in reovirus mRNA capping protein lambda2

Identification of the guanylyltransferase region and active site in reovirus mRNA capping protein lambda2

Journal of Biological Chemistry 275(4): 2804-2810

The 144-kDa lambda2 protein of mammalian reovirus catalyzes a number of enzymatic activities in the capping of reovirus mRNA, including the transfer of GMP from GTP to the 5' end of the 5'-diphosphorylated nascent transcript. This reaction proceeds through a covalently autoguanylylated lambda2-GMP intermediate. The smaller size of RNA capping guanylyltransferases from other organisms suggested that the lambda2-associated guanylyltransferase would be only a part of this protein. Limited proteinase K digestion of baculovirus-expressed lambda2 was used to generate an amino-terminal M(r) 42,000 fragment that appears to be both necessary and sufficient for guanylyltransferase activity. Although lysine 226 was identified by previous biochemical studies as the active-site residue that forms a phosphoamide bond with GMP in autoguanylylated lambda2, mutation of lysine 226 to alanine caused only a partial reduction in guanylyltransferase activity at the autoguanylylation step. Alanine substitution for other lysines within the amino-terminal region of lambda2 identified lysine 190 as necessary for autoguanylylation and lysine 171 as an important contributor to autoguanylylation. A novel active-site motif is proposed for the RNA guanylyltransferases of mammalian reoviruses and other Reoviridae members.

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Accession: 010788970

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PMID: 10644745

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