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In vitro expression of long and short ovine prolactin receptors: activation of Jak2/STAT5 pathway is not sufficient to account for prolactin signal transduction to the ovine beta-lactoglobulin gene promoter



In vitro expression of long and short ovine prolactin receptors: activation of Jak2/STAT5 pathway is not sufficient to account for prolactin signal transduction to the ovine beta-lactoglobulin gene promoter



Journal of Molecular Endocrinology 23(2): 125-136



The recent finding that sheep had long (l-oPRLR) and short (s-oPRLR) prolactin receptors provided new tools to further explore prolactin signaling to target genes. Here we used CHO cells transfected with l-oPRLR or s-oPRLR cDNAs to compare the activation of known key steps of prolactin signaling by the two receptors. We found that prolactin stimulated l-oPRLR tyrosine phosphorylation, although it lacked the last tyrosine residue found in other long prolactin receptors. In addition, l-oPRLR and s-oPRLR both responded to prolactin stimulation by (1) Janus kinase 2 (Jak2) tyrosine phosphorylation, (2) DNA-binding activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 (STAT5), (3) stimulation of transcription from a promoter made of six repeats of STAT5-responsive sequence. However, although it contains STAT5-binding consensus sequences, the ovine beta-lactoglobulin promoter (-4000 to +40) was transactivated by l-oPRLR, but not by s-oPRLR. Taken together, our results indicate that activation of Jak2/STAT5 pathway alone is not sufficient to account for prolactin-induced transcription of this milk protein gene, and that sequences of its promoter, other than STAT5-specific sequences, account for the opposite transcriptional activation capabilities of l-oPRLR and s-oPRLR.

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Accession: 010813845

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 10514551

DOI: 10.1677/jme.0.0230125


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