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Influence of seminal plasma on cryopreservation of human spermatozoa in a biological material-free medium: Study of normal and low-quality semen



Influence of seminal plasma on cryopreservation of human spermatozoa in a biological material-free medium: Study of normal and low-quality semen



International Journal of Andrology 22(3): 190-196



The objective was to evaluate the efficiency of a biological material-free medium and the role of seminal plasma (SP) in the cryopreservation of human spermatozoa. Normal semen samples and low-quality semen samples were used for this study. After centrifugation of 300 microL fractions of whole semen, pellets were resuspended either in autologous SP or in a chemically defined medium (BM) supplemented or not with 3% bovine serum albumin (BSA); after 15 min at 37 degrees C, the samples were diluted (V/V) with cryoprotective medium (30 mM NaCl; 22 mM sodium citrate, 19.4 mM fructose; 80 mM glutamine; 14%, V/V, glycerol) and maintained for 15 min at room temperature before freezing. Assessment of viability and motility was performed using fresh semen (T0), after centrifugation and resuspension prior to adding the cryoprotectant (T15), after adding the cryoprotectant (T30) and after freezing and thawing (Tpost). In all three resuspending media used, sperm viability and motility (forward and total) decreased (p < 0.05) during both the equilibration period especially before addition of the cryoprotective medium (between T0 and T15) and during the freeze-thaw process comparison between T30 and Tpost. The recovery of viable and motile spermatozoa (post-thaw values/values of fresh samples) was higher (p < 0.05) in normal semen than in low-quality semen. In both groups, the recovery was slightly, but significantly, higher with SP than with BM and the presence of BSA has no beneficial effect. To conclude, these data suggest that SP may reduce the deleterious effects of cryopreservation. Nevertheless cryopreservation of spermatozoa in a medium containing neither SP nor biological substances could offer an acceptable cryoprotection of spermatozoa to be used in assisted fertilization procedures, especially for intracytoplasmic sperm injection.

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Accession: 010842551

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 10367240

DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2605.1999.00170.x


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