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Intraoperative hemodilutional autotransfusion using a closed circuit for patients of Jehovah's Witness



Intraoperative hemodilutional autotransfusion using a closed circuit for patients of Jehovah's Witness



Masui. Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology 49(5): 535-539



We conducted hemodilutional autotransfusion using a closed circuit combined with a cell washing reinfusing system (Cell Saver(R)) for two surgical patients of Jehovah's Witness. One was a 12 yr-old boy for extirpation of the teratoma in the anterior mediastinum and another was a 44 yr-old woman for left total hip replacement. The patients and their relatives had consented to the use of blood substitues, hemodilutional autotransfusion using a closed circuit and Cell Saver(R). We devised a closed circuit system for hemodilutional autotransfusion combined with Cell Saver(R), in which two pumps for blood transfusion were used; one was for drawing blood from the femoral or the internal jugular vein and the other for returning blood to the peripheral vein. Blood volume in a bag interposed in the closed circuit was easily controlled by adjusting the speed of each pump. Blood collected from the surgical field by Cell Saver(R) was also led to the bag. Acid citrate dextrose solution was infused into the closed circuit from the site close to the blood drawing. Both of our surgical patients were safely managed without homologus blood transfusion, although there remained some problems concerning the use of anticoagulants.

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Accession: 010875270

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PMID: 10846387


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