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Involvement of CD100, a lymphocyte semaphorin, in the activation of the human immune system via CD72: implications for the regulation of immune and inflammatory responses

Involvement of CD100, a lymphocyte semaphorin, in the activation of the human immune system via CD72: implications for the regulation of immune and inflammatory responses

International Immunology 15(8): 1027-1034

ISSN/ISBN: 0953-8178

PMID: 12882840

DOI: 10.1093/intimm/dxg098

CD100/Sema4D belongs to the semaphorin family, factors known to act as repulsive cues for axons during neuronal development. Mouse CD100 plays a crucial role in both humoral and cellular immunity through ligation of the lymphocyte receptor, CD72. It remains controversial, however, whether human CD100 can function through human CD72 in a manner similar to mouse CD100. To determine the function of human CD100, we generated a recombinant soluble human CD100 protein comprised of the extracellular region of human CD100 fused to the human IgG1 Fc region (hCD100-Fc). hCD100-Fc specifically binds to cells expressing human CD72. As observed previously in the mouse, hCD100-Fc induces the tyrosine dephosphorylation of human CD72, leading to the dissociation of SHP-1 from the CD72 cytoplasmic tail. Consistent with findings for mouse CD100, hCD100-Fc exerts a co-stimulatory effect on B cells and dendritic cells that are stimulated with anti-CD40 mAb. Furthermore, both hCD100-Fc and anti-human CD72 agonistic mAb induce the production of the pro-inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-alpha, IL-6 and IL-8, even in the absence of anti-CD40 mAb. Collectively, our findings not only demonstrate that human CD100, interacting with human CD72, can function as a ligand in a manner similar to mouse CD100, but also suggest the involvement of human CD100 in inflammatory responses.

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