Involvement of cyclic AMP generation in the inhibition of respiratory burst by 2-phenyl-4-quinolone (YT-1) in rat neutrophils

Wang, J.P.; Raung, S.L.; Huang, L.J.; Kuo, S.C.

Biochemical Pharmacology 56(11): 1505-1514


ISSN/ISBN: 0006-2952
PMID: 9827585
DOI: 10.1016/s0006-2952(98)00265-2
Accession: 010882395

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The inhibitory effect of 2-phenyl-4-quinolone (YT-1) on respiratory burst in rat neutrophils was investigated, and the underlying mechanism of action was assessed. YT-1 caused a concentration-dependent inhibition of the rate of O2.- release from rat neutrophils in response to formylmethionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (fMLP), but not to phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), with an IC50 value of 60.7+/-8.2 microM. A comparable effect was also demonstrated in the inhibition of O2 consumption. Unlike superoxide dismutase, YT-1 had no effect on O2.- generation in the xanthine-xanthine oxidase system and during dihydroxyfumaric acid autoxidation. The fMLP-induced inositol trisphosphate (IP3) formation was unaffected by YT-1. In addition, YT-1 did not affect the initial spike of trinde n-1-one, (KT 5720), a PKA inhibitor, the inhibition of O2.- generation by YT-1, as well as by prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) and dibutyryl cyclic AMP, was attenuated effectively. YT-1 did not activate the adenylate cyclase associated with neutrophil particulate fraction but inhibited the cytosolic phosphodiesterase (PDE) activity in a concentration-dependent manner. Neutrophils treated with YT-1 had a more pronounced increase in cellular cyclic AMP level by PGE1. Moreover, the ability of PGE1 to inhibit the respiratory burst in neutrophils was greatly enhanced by YT-1. These results suggest that the increase in cellular cyclic AMP levels by YT-1 through the inhibition of PDE (probably PDE4 isoenzyme) activity is involved in its inhibition of fMLP-induced respiratory burst in rat neutrophils.